ಭಾರತದ ರಾಷ್ಟ್ರಪತಿಗಳ ಪಟ್ಟಿ

ವಿಕಿಪೀಡಿಯ ಇಂದ
Jump to navigation Jump to search

ಪಟ್ಟಿ[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

ಪಟ್ಟಿಯಲ್ಲಿರುವ ಬಣ್ಣಗಳ ಅರ್ಥ:

  ಹಂಗಾಮಿ ರಾಷ್ಟ್ರಪತಿ (3)
  ಸ್ವತಂತ್ರ ಅಭ್ಯರ್ಥಿ (5)
  ಭಾರತೀಯ ರಾಷ್ಟ್ರೀಯ ಕಾಂಗ್ರೆಸ್‌ನ ಅಭ್ಯರ್ಥಿ (INC) (7)
  ಭಾರತೀಯ ಜನತಾ ಪಕ್ಷದ ಅಭ್ಯರ್ಥಿ (BJP) (1)
  ಜನತಾ ಪಕ್ಷದ ಅಭ್ಯರ್ಥಿ (JP) (1)
ಕ್ರಮಸಂಖ್ಯೆ ಭಾವಚಿತ್ರ ಹೆಸರು
(ಜನನ–ಮರಣ)
ಅಧಿಕಾರದಲ್ಲಿದ್ದ ಸಮಯ

ಗೆಲುವು ಸಾಧಿಸಿದ ಚುನಾವಣೆಗಳು

ಅಧಿಕಾರಾವಧಿ

ಹಿಂದಿನ ಹುದ್ದೆ ಉಪ ರಾಷ್ಟ್ರಪತಿ(ಗಳು) ಪಕ್ಷ[೧]
1 Dr. Rajendra Prasad ರಾಜೇಂದ್ರ ಪ್ರಸಾದ್
(1884–1963)
26 ಜನವರಿ 1950 13 ಮೇ 1962 ಸಂವಿಧಾನ ರಚನಾ ಸಮಿತಿಯ ಅಧ್ಯಕ್ಷರು ಎಸ್. ರಾಧಾಕೃಷ್ಣನ್   ಭಾರತೀಯ ರಾಷ್ಟ್ರೀಯ ಕಾಂಗ್ರೆಸ್
1950, 1952, 1957
12 ವರ್ಷಗಳು, 107 ದಿನಗಳು
ಬಿಹಾರ ರಾಜ್ಯದವರಾದ ಪ್ರಸಾದರು, ಸ್ವತಂತ್ರ ಭಾರತದ ಮೊದಲ ರಾಷ್ಟ್ರಪತಿಗಳು. ಜೊತೆಗೆ ಎರಡು ಅವಧಿಗೆ ಆಯ್ಕೆಯಾದ ಮತ್ತು ಅತಿ ಹೆಚ್ಚಿನ ಕಾಲ ರಾಷ್ಟ್ರಪತಿಗಳ ಹುದ್ದೆಯಲ್ಲಿದ್ದ ಏಕೈಕ ವ್ಯಕ್ತಿ.[೨][೩][೪] ಭಾರತದ ಸ್ವಾತಂತ್ರ್ಯ ಹೋರಾಟದಲ್ಲಿ ಇವರದ್ದು ಸಕ್ರಿಯ ಪಾತ್ರ.[೫]
2 Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan 1989 stamp of India.jpg ಎಸ್. ರಾಧಾಕೃಷ್ಣನ್
(1888–1975)
13 ಮೇ 1962 13 ಮೇ 1967 ಭಾರತದ ಉಪರಾಷ್ಟ್ರಪತಿಗಳು ಜಾಕಿರ್ ಹುಸೇನ್   ಸ್ವತಂತ್ರ
1962
5 ವರ್ಷಗಳು
ಭಾರತದ ಪ್ರಮುಖ ತತ್ವಜ್ಞಾನಿಗಳಾಗಿದ್ದ ರಾಧಾಕೃಷ್ಣನ್ ಅವರು ಆಂಧ್ರ ವಿಶ್ವವಿದ್ಯಾನಿಲಯದ ಮತ್ತು ಬನಾರಸ್ ಹಿಂದೂ ವಿಶ್ವವಿದ್ಯಾನಿಲಯದ ಕುಲಪತಿಯಾಗಿ ಸೇವೆ ಸಲ್ಲಿಸಿದ್ದರು.[೬] ರಾಷ್ಟ್ರಪತಿಯಾಗುವ ಮೊದಲೇ 1954ರಲ್ಲಿ ಇವರಿಗೆ ಭಾರತ ರತ್ನ ಪ್ರಶಸ್ತಿ ನೀಡಿ ಗೌರವಿಸಲಾಯಿತು.[೭] ಇವರು ಮೊದಲ ದಕ್ಷಿಣ ಭಾರತೀಯ ರಾಷ್ಟ್ರಪತಿ.[೮]
3
Zakir Hussain
ಜಾಕಿರ್ ಹುಸೇನ್ಅಧಿಕಾರದಲ್ಲಿದ್ದಾಗ ನಿಧನ
(1897–1969)
13 ಮೇ 1967 3 ಮೇ 1969 ಭಾರತದ ಉಪರಾಷ್ಟ್ರಪತಿಗಳು ವಿ. ವಿ. ಗಿರಿ   Independent
1967
೧ years, ೩೫೫ days
Husain was vice-chancellor of the Aligarh Muslim University and a recipient of Padma Vibhushan and Bharat Ratna.[೯] He died in office, the first to do so. He was also the shortest-serving President. He was also the first Muslim President.[೧೦]
Varahgiri Venkata Giri ವಿ. ವಿ. ಗಿರಿ*Did not complete assigned term
(1894–1980)
3 May 1969 20 July 1969 Vice President  
೦ years, ೭೮ days
He was elected Vice President of India in 1967. Following the death of President Zakir Husain, Giri was appointed as Acting President.[೧೧] He resigned after a few months to take part in the presidential elections.[೧೨]
Justice M. Hidayatullah.jpg ಎಂ. ಹಿದಾಯತುಲ್ಲಾ*
(1905–1992)
20 ಜುಲೈ 1969 24 ಆಗಸ್ಟ್ 1969 Chief Justice  
೦ years, ೩೫ days
Hidayatullah served as the Chief Justice of India and was also a recipient of the Order of the British Empire.[೧೩] He served as Acting President until the election of Giri as the President of India.[೧೪]
4 Varahgiri Venkata Giri ವಿ. ವಿ. ಗಿರಿ
(1894–1980)
24 August 1969 24 August 1974 Acting President Gopal Swarup Pathak   Independent
1969
೫ years, ೦ days
Giri was the first person to have served as both an acting president and president of India. He was a recipient of the Bharat Ratna, and served as Labour and Employment Minister and High Commissioner to Ceylon (Sri Lanka).[೧೫]
5 Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed 1977 stamp of India.jpg ಫಕ್ರುದ್ದೀನ್ ಅಲಿ ಅಹ್ಮದ್ಅಧಿಕಾರದಲ್ಲಿದ್ದಾಗ ನಿಧನ
(1905–1977)
24 August 1974 11 February 1977 Food and Agriculture Minister Gopal Swarup Pathak (1974)

Basappa Danappa Jatti (1974–1977)

  Indian National Congress
1974
೨ years, ೧೭೧ days
Ahmed served as a Minister before being elected as president. He died in 1977 before his term of office ended, and was the second Indian president to die in office.[೧೬] He was also president during Emergency.[೧೭]
No image available.svg ಬಿ. ಡಿ. ಜತ್ತಿ*
(1912–2002)
11 February 1977 25 July 1977 Vice President  
೦ years, ೧೬೪ days
Jatti was the vice president of India during Ahmed's term of office, and was sworn in as Acting President upon Ahmed's death. He earlier served as the Chief Minister for the State of Mysore State.[೧೬][೧೮]
6 Neelam Sanjeevan Reddy ನೀಲಂ ಸಂಜೀವ ರೆಡ್ಡಿ
(1913–1996)
25 ಜುಲೈ 1977 25 ಜುಲೈ 1982 Speaker of the Lok Sabha Basappa Danappa Jatti (1977–1979)

Mohammad Hidayatullah (1979–1982)

rowspan="3" style="background:ಟೆಂಪ್ಲೇಟು:Janata Party/meta/color;" |  Janata Party
1977
೫ years, ೦ days
Reddy was the first Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh. Reddy was the only Member of Parliament from the Janata Party to get elected from Andhra Pradesh.[೧೯] He was unanimously elected Speaker of the Lok Sabha on 26 March 1977 and relinquished this office on 13 July 1977 to become the 6th President of India.[೧೪]
7 Giani Zail Singh 1995 stamp of India.jpg ಗ್ಯಾನಿ ಜೇಲ್ ಸಿಂಗ್
(1916–1994)
25 July 1982 25 July 1987 Home Minister Mohammad Hidayatullah (1982–1984)

Ramaswamy Venkataraman (1984–1987)

  Indian National Congress
1982
೫ years, ೦ days
In March 1972, Singh assumed the position of Chief Minister of Punjab, and in 1980, he became Union Home Minister. He was also secretary general to Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) from 1983 to 1986[೨೦]
8 Ramaswamy Venkataraman Ramaswamy Venkataraman
(1910–2009)
25 July 1987 25 July 1992 Vice President Shankar Dayal Sharma   Indian National Congress
1987
೫ years, ೦ days
In 1942, Venkataraman was jailed by the British for his involvement in the Indian independence movement.[೨೧] After his release, he was elected to independent India's Provisional Parliament as a member of the Congress Party in 1950 and eventually joined the central government, where he first served as Minister of Finance and Industry and later as Minister of Defence.[೨೨]
9 Shankar Dayal Sharma Shankar Dayal Sharma
(1918–1999)
25 July 1992 25 July 1997 Vice President Kocheril Raman Narayanan   Indian National Congress
1992
೫ years, ೦ days
Sharma was Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh, and the Indian Minister for Communications. He also served as the Governor of Andhra Pradesh, Punjab and Maharashtra.[೨೩]
10 Kocheril Raman Narayanan Kocheril Raman Narayanan
(1921–2005)
25 July 1997 25 July 2002 Vice President Krishan Kant   Independent
1997
೫ years, ೦ days
Narayanan served as India's ambassador to Thailand, Turkey, China and United States of America. He received doctorates in Science and Law and was also a chancellor in several universities.[೨೪] He was also the vice-chancellor of Jawaharlal Nehru University.[೨೫] He was the first Dalit President.[೨೬]
11 Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam
(1931–2015)
25 July 2002 25 July 2007 Chief Scientific Advisor of Prime Minister Krishan Kant (2002)

Bhairon Singh Shekhawat (2002–2007)

  Independent
2002
೫ years, ೦ days
Kalam was an educator and engineer who played a leading role in the development of India's ballistic missile and nuclear weapons programs.[೨೭] He also received the Bharat Ratna. He was popularly known as "People's President".[೨೮][೨೯][೩೦]
12 Pratibha Patil ಪ್ರತಿಭಾ ಪಾಟೀಲ್
(1934–)
25 July 2007 25 July 2012 Governor of Rajasthan Mohammad Hamid Ansari   Indian National Congress
2007
೫ years, ೦ days
Patil was the first woman to become the President of India. She was also the first female governor of Rajasthan.[೩೧][೩೨]
13 Pranab Mukherjee ಪ್ರಣಬ್ ಮುಖರ್ಜಿ
(1935–2020)
25 July 2012 25 July 2017 Finance Minister Mohammad Hamid Ansari   Indian National Congress
2012
೫ years, ೦ days
Mukherjee held various posts in the cabinet ministry for the Government of India such as Finance Minister, Foreign Minister, Defence Minister and Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission.[೩೩]
14 Ram Nath Kovind official portrait.jpg ರಾಮನಾಥ್ ಕೋವಿಂದ್
(1945–)
25 ಜುಲೈ 2017 ಪ್ರಸ್ತುತ
(25 ಜುಲೈ 2022ರಂದು ಅವಧಿ ಮುಕ್ತಾಯ)
ಬಿಹಾರದ ರಾಜ್ಯಪಾಲರು ವೆಂಕಯ್ಯ ನಾಯ್ಡು   ಭಾರತೀಯ ಜನತಾ ಪಕ್ಷ
2017
2 ವರ್ಷಗಳಿಂದ
1994ರಿಂದ 2006ರ ತನಕ ರಾಜ್ಯಸಭಾ ಸದಸ್ಯರಾಗಿ ಮತ್ತು 2015-2017ರ ಅವಧಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ಬಿಹಾರದ ರಾಜ್ಯಪಾಲರಾಗಿದ್ದ ರಾಮನಾಥ್ ಕೋವಿಂದ್, ದೇಶದ ಎರಡನೇ ದಲಿತ ರಾಷ್ಟ್ರಪತಿ.[೩೪]
Other Symbols

Died in office-ಅಧಿಕಾರದಲ್ಲಿದ್ದಾಗ ನಿಧನ
Did not complete assigned term-ಅವಧಿ ಅಪೂರ್ಣ
*-ಹಂಗಾಮಿ ರಾಷ್ಟ್ರಪತಿ

ಉಲ್ಲೇಖಗಳು[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  1. "List of Presidents of India since India became republic | My India". www.mapsofindia.com (in ಇಂಗ್ಲಿಷ್). Archived from the original on 28 August 2017. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  2. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named selecting next
  3. "Rajendra Prasad". The Hindu. India. 7 May 1952. Archived from the original on 11 January 2009. Retrieved 30 November 2008.
  4. "Republic Day". Time. 6 February 1950. Archived from the original on 14 January 2009. Retrieved 30 November 2008.
  5. "Rajendra Prasad's birth anniversary celebrated". The Hindu. India. 10 December 2006. Archived from the original on 13 February 2009. Retrieved 30 November 2008.
  6. Ramachandra Guha (15 April 2006). "Why Amartya Sen should become the next president of India". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 28 February 2007. Retrieved 30 November 2008.
  7. "Dr S. Radhakrishnan". The Sunday Tribune. 30 January 2000. Archived from the original on 3 February 2009. Retrieved 30 November 2008.
  8. "Commemorative Volume on S.Radhakrishnan" (PDF). rajyasabha.nic.in. Rajya sabha. Archived (PDF) from the original on 20 October 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
  9. "Zakir Husain". Vice President's Secretariat. Archived from the original on 24 September 2008. Retrieved 30 November 2008.
  10. "7 leaders who died while in office". India Today. Archived from the original on 26 October 2017. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
  11. "Shekhawat need not compare himself to Giri: Shashi Bhushan". The Hindu. India. 12 July 2007. Archived from the original on 12 October 2008. Retrieved 30 November 2008.
  12. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named resign
  13. "Hidayatullah, Shri M". Vice President's Secretariat. Archived from the original on 28 July 2014. Retrieved 30 November 2008.
  14. ೧೪.೦ ೧೪.೧ Ramakrishnan, T. (24 July 2012). "The twice Acting-President". The Hindu (in ಇಂಗ್ಲಿಷ್). Archived from the original on 12 August 2016. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
  15. "Giri, Shri Varahagiri Venkata". Vice President's Secretariat. Archived from the original on 10 February 2009. Retrieved 30 November 2008.
  16. ೧೬.೦ ೧೬.೧ "Gallery of Indian Presidents". Press Information Bureau of the Government of India. Archived from the original on 10 December 2008. Retrieved 30 November 2008.
  17. "Emergency: The Dark Age of Indian democracy". The Hindu (in ಇಂಗ್ಲಿಷ್). Archived from the original on 4 November 2017. Retrieved 25 July 2017.
  18. "Jatti, Shri Basappa Danappa". Vice President's Secretariat. Archived from the original on 10 February 2009. Retrieved 30 November 2008.
  19. Bhargava, G.S. "Making of the Prez – Congress chief selects PM as well as President". The Tribune. India. Archived from the original on 17 April 2009. Retrieved 6 January 2009.
  20. Wolpert, Stanley A. (1999). India. University of California Press. p. 217. ISBN 978-0-520-22172-7. Retrieved 3 January 2009.
  21. Hazarika, Sanjoy (17 July 1987). "Man in the News; India's Mild New President: Ramaswamy Venkataraman". The New York Times. Retrieved 6 January 2009.
  22. "Venkataraman, Shri R." Vice President's Secretariat. Archived from the original on 10 February 2009. Retrieved 6 January 2009.
  23. Navtej Sarna (27 December 1999). "Former President Shankar Dayal Sharma passes away". Embassy of India, Washington, DC. Archived from the original on 8 August 2008. Retrieved 6 December 2008.
  24. "Narayanan, Shri K, R". Vice President's Secretariat. Archived from the original on 10 February 2009. Retrieved 6 December 2008.
  25. "The BJP's aim was to get rid of me". Confederation of Human Rights Organizations. Archived from the original on 12 October 2008. Retrieved 6 January 2009.
  26. "Can Ram Nath Kovind, second Dalit President, follow in the footsteps of first Dalit President K R Narayanan?". India Today. Archived from the original on 26 October 2017. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
  27. Ramana, M. V.; Reddy, C. Rammanohar (2002). Prisoners of the Nuclear Dream. New Delhi: Orient Longman. p. 169. ISBN 978-81-250-2477-4. Archived from the original on 21 September 2014.
  28. Tyagi, Kavita; Misra, Padma (23 May 2011). Basic Technical Communication. PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd. p. 124. ISBN 978-81-203-4238-5. Archived from the original on 3 January 2014. Retrieved 2 May 2012.
  29. "'Kalam was real people's President'". Hindustan Times. Indo-Asian News Service. 24 July 2007. Archived from the original on 11 May 2009. Retrieved 2 May 2012.
  30. Perappadan, Bindu Shajan (14 April 2007). "The people's President does it again". The Hindu. Chennai, India. Archived from the original on 25 January 2012. Retrieved 2 May 2012.
  31. Emily Wax (22 July 2007). "Female President Elected in India". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 20 August 2011. Retrieved 2 December 2008.
  32. "Pratibha Patil is Rajasthan's first woman governor". Express India. 8 November 2008. Archived from the original on 14 January 2009. Retrieved 6 December 2008.
  33. "Archived version of bio data of Pranab Mukherjee in Lok Sabha". india.gov.in. Archived from the original on 14 May 2011. Retrieved 11 November 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  34. "PresidentofIndia". Presidents Secretariat (in ಇಂಗ್ಲಿಷ್). Government of India. Archived from the original on 9 September 2017. Retrieved 25 October 2017.