ಟೆಂಪ್ಲೇಟು:Cite web

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Citation Style 1 templates
{{Cite arXiv}} arXiv preprints
{{Cite AV media}} audio and visual
{{Cite AV media notes}} audio and visual liner notes
{{Cite bioRxiv}} bioRxiv preprints
{{Cite book}} books
{{Cite conference}} conference papers
{{Cite encyclopedia}} edited collections
{{Cite episode}} radio or television episodes
{{Cite interview}} interviews
{{Cite journal}} academic journals and papers
{{Cite magazine}} magazines, periodicals
{{Cite mailing list}} public mailing lists
{{Cite map}} maps
{{Cite news}} news articles
{{Cite newsgroup}} online newsgroups
{{Cite podcast}} audio or video podcast
{{Cite press release}} press releases
{{Cite report}} reports
{{Cite serial}} audio or video serials
{{Cite sign}} signs, plaques
{{Cite speech}} speeches
{{Cite techreport}} technical reports
{{Cite thesis}} theses
{{Cite web}} any resource accessible through a URL
See also:

This Citation Style 1 template is used to create citations for web sources that are not characterized by another CS1 template.

Usage[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Copy a blank version to use. All parameter names must be in lowercase. Use the "|" (pipe) character between each parameter. Delete unused parameters to avoid clutter in the edit window. Some samples may include the current date. If the date is not current, then purge the page.

Most commonly used parameters in horizontal format

For references with author credit

{{cite web |url= |title= |last= |first= |date= |website= |publisher= |access-date= |quote=}}

For references without author credit

{{cite web |url= |title= |author=<!--Not stated--> |date= |website= |publisher= |access-date= |quote=}}
Most commonly used parameters in vertical format
{{cite web
 |url=
 |title=
 |last=
 |first=
 |date=
 |website=
 |publisher=
 |access-date=
 |quote= }}
Full parameter set in horizontal format
{{cite web |url= |title= |last= |first= |author= |author-link= |last2= |first2= |author2= |author-link2= |date= |year= |editor-last= |editor-first= |editor= |editor-link= |editor2-last= |editor2-first= |editor2-link= |editors= |department= |website= |series= |publisher= |location= |page= |pages= |at= |language= |script-title= |trans-title= |type= |format= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |doi= |doi-broken-date= |isbn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |osti= |pmc= |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |archive-url= |archive-date= |dead-url= |access-date= |quote= |ref= |postscript= |subscription= |registration=}}
Full parameter set in vertical format
Vertical list Prerequisites Brief instructions / notes
{{cite web
 |url=
 |title=
 |last=
 |first=
 |author-link=
 |last2=
 |first2=
 |author-link2=
 |date=
 |year=
 |editor-last=
 |editor-first=
 |editor-link=
 |editor2-last=
 |editor2-first=
 |editor2-link=
 |department=
 |website=
 |series=
 |publisher=
 |location=
 |page=
 |pages=
 |at=
 |language=
 |script-title=
 |trans-title=
 |type=
 |format=
 |arxiv=
 |asin=
 |bibcode=
 |doi=
 |doi-broken-date=
 |isbn=
 |issn=
 |jfm=
 |jstor=
 |lccn=
 |mr=
 |oclc=
 |ol=
 |osti=
 |pmc=
 |pmid=
 |rfc=
 |ssrn=
 |zbl=
 |id=
 |archive-url=
 |archive-date=
 |dead-url=
 |access-date=
 |quote=
 |ref=
 |postscript=
 |subscription=
 |registration= }}
 
 
 
 
last
 
last
last2
 
 
 
 
editor-last
 
editor-last
editor2-last
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
url, archive-date
archive-url
url
url
 
 
 
 
 
 
required
required
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  • If a field name is listed in the Prerequisites column, it is a prerequisite for the field to the left.

Choosing between {{Cite web}} and {{Cite news}}[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Before 2014, editors needed to decide whether to use {{Cite web}} or {{Cite news}} based on their features. In 2014, however, most of the differences between the two templates were eliminated.

As of 29 July 2016, {{Cite web}} and {{Cite news}} have the following differences:

But given the same set of valid parameters, their output is exactly the same:

Cite web: Silverman, Dwight (July 15, 2011). "Microsoft envisions a universal OS, but it might not be called Windows". Houston Chronicle. Hearst Corporation. Retrieved May 26, 2015. 
Cite news: Silverman, Dwight (July 15, 2011). "Microsoft envisions a universal OS, but it might not be called Windows". Houston Chronicle. Hearst Corporation. Retrieved May 26, 2015. 

Examples[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |publisher=Open Publishing |date=April 30, 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |access-date=೫ ಡಿಸೆಂಬರ್ ೨೦೧೮}}
Doe, John (April 30, 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. Retrieved ೫ ಡಿಸೆಂಬರ್ ೨೦೧೮.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |access-date=೫ ಡಿಸೆಂಬರ್ ೨೦೧೮}}
Doe, John (30 April 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Encyclopedia of Things. Retrieved ೫ ಡಿಸೆಂಬರ್ ೨೦೧೮.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |date=2005-04-30 |access-date=೫ ಡಿಸೆಂಬರ್ ೨೦೧೮}}
Doe, John (2005-04-30). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Retrieved ೫ ಡಿಸೆಂಬರ್ ೨೦೧೮.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |access-date=೫ ಡಿಸೆಂಬರ್ ೨೦೧೮}}
Doe, John. "My Favorite Things, Part II". Retrieved ೫ ಡಿಸೆಂಬರ್ ೨೦೧೮.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |access-date=೫ ಡಿಸೆಂಬರ್ ೨೦೧೮}}
"My Favorite Things, Part II". Retrieved ೫ ಡಿಸೆಂಬರ್ ೨೦೧೮.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.nfl.com/rulebook/digestofrules |title=Digest of Rules |publisher=National Football League |access-date=೫ ಡಿಸೆಂಬರ್ ೨೦೧೮}}
"Digest of Rules". National Football League. Retrieved ೫ ಡಿಸೆಂಬರ್ ೨೦೧೮.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

Using format[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.indiapost.gov.in/Pdf/Customs/List_of_Psychotropic_Substances.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |publisher=International Narcotics Control Board |format=PDF |access-date=೫ ಡಿಸೆಂಬರ್ ೨೦೧೮}}
"List of psychotropic substances under international control" (PDF). International Narcotics Control Board. Retrieved ೫ ಡಿಸೆಂಬರ್ ೨೦೧೮.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

Foreign language and translated title[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Honi soit qui mal y pense |last=Joliet |first=François |date=30 April 2005 |access-date=೫ ಡಿಸೆಂಬರ್ ೨೦೧೮ |language=French |trans-title=Shame on those who think evil of it}}
Joliet, François (30 April 2005). "Honi soit qui mal y pense" [Shame on those who think evil of it] (in French). Retrieved ೫ ಡಿಸೆಂಬರ್ ೨೦೧೮.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

Using author-link[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |author-link=John Doe |publisher=Open Publishing |date=April 30, 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |access-date=೫ ಡಿಸೆಂಬರ್ ೨೦೧೮}}
Doe, John (April 30, 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. Retrieved ೫ ಡಿಸೆಂಬರ್ ೨೦೧೮.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Our Favourite Things |last1=Doe |first1=John |last2=Smith |first2=Peter |last3=Smythe |first3=Jim |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopaedia of Things |access-date=೫ ಡಿಸೆಂಬರ್ ೨೦೧೮}}
Doe, John; Smith, Peter; Smythe, Jim (30 April 2005). "Our Favourite Things". Encyclopaedia of Things. Open Publishing. Retrieved ೫ ಡಿಸೆಂಬರ್ ೨೦೧೮.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |publisher=Open Publishing |date=2005-04-30 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |access-date=೫ ಡಿಸೆಂಬರ್ ೨೦೧೮}}
"Index of Sharp Things". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. 2005-04-30. Retrieved ೫ ಡಿಸೆಂಬರ್ ೨೦೧೮.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |access-date=೫ ಡಿಸೆಂಬರ್ ೨೦೧೮}}
"Index of Sharp Things". Encyclopedia of Things. 30 April 2005. Retrieved ೫ ಡಿಸೆಂಬರ್ ೨೦೧೮.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=April 30, 2005 |access-date=೫ ಡಿಸೆಂಬರ್ ೨೦೧೮}}
"Index of Sharp Things". April 30, 2005. Retrieved ೫ ಡಿಸೆಂಬರ್ ೨೦೧೮.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=2005-04-30 |format=PDF |access-date=೫ ಡಿಸೆಂಬರ್ ೨೦೧೮ |language=Greek}}
"List of psychotropic substances under international control" (PDF) (in Greek). 2005-04-30. Retrieved ೫ ಡಿಸೆಂಬರ್ ೨೦೧೮.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

Using "archive-url" and "archive-date" (and optionally "dead-url") for webpages that have been archived[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=2005-04-30 |format=PDF |access-date=೫ ಡಿಸೆಂಬರ್ ೨೦೧೮ |archive-url=http://web.archive.org/web/20050907150136/http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |archive-date=2005-09-07}}
"List of psychotropic substances under international control" (PDF). 2005-04-30. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2005-09-07. Retrieved ೫ ಡಿಸೆಂಬರ್ ೨೦೧೮.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi?archive=currnews&story=20060405-01shore.htm |title=Interview with Maggie Downs |date=March 31, 2006 |publisher=The Desert Sun |archive-url=http://72.14.207.104/search?q=cache:JAxf4v-pQmgJ:joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi%3Farchive%3Dcurrnews%26story%3D20060405-01shore.htm |archive-date=April 26, 2006 |dead-url=no}}
"Interview with Maggie Downs". The Desert Sun. March 31, 2006. Archived from the original on April 26, 2006. 
  • {{Cite web |url=http://www.wunderground.com/global/stations/03772.html |title=London, United Kingdom Forecast : Weather Underground (weather and elevation at Heathrow Airport) |publisher=The Weather Underground |access-date=೫ ಡಿಸೆಂಬರ್ ೨೦೧೮ | archive-url=http://www.webcitation.org/5yo0HaAk7 |archive-date=19 May 2011 |dead-url=no}}
"London, United Kingdom Forecast : Weather Underground (weather and elevation at Heathrow Airport)". The Weather Underground. Archived from the original on 19 May 2011. Retrieved ೫ ಡಿಸೆಂಬರ್ ೨೦೧೮.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

Using quote[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.webexhibits.org/daylightsaving/c.html |title=Daylight saving time: rationale and original idea |website=WebExhibits |year=2008 |access-date=೫ ಡಿಸೆಂಬರ್ ೨೦೧೮ |quote=...&nbsp;Lord Balfour came forward with a unique concern: 'Supposing some unfortunate lady was confined with twins&nbsp;...'}}
"Daylight saving time: rationale and original idea". WebExhibits. 2008. Retrieved ೫ ಡಿಸೆಂಬರ್ ೨೦೧೮. ... Lord Balfour came forward with a unique concern: 'Supposing some unfortunate lady was confined with twins ...'  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

Parameters[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Syntax[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Nested parameters rely on their parent parameters:

  • parent
  • OR: parent2—may be used instead of parent
    • child—may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2—may be used instead of child (and is ignored if parent2 is not used)
Where aliases are listed, only one of the parameters may be defined; if multiple aliased parameters are defined, then only one will show.

By default, sets of fields are terminated with a period (.).

COinS[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

This template embeds COinS metadata in the HTML output, allowing reference management software to retrieve bibliographic metadata. See Wikipedia:COinS. As a general rule, only one data item per parameter. Do not include explanatory or alternate text:

  • Use |date=27 September 2007 not |date=27 September 2007 (print version 25 September)

Use of templates within the citation template is discouraged because many of these templates will add extraneous HTML or CSS that will be included raw in the metadata. Also, HTML entities, for example &nbsp;, &ndash;, etc, should not be used in parameters that contribute to the metadata. Do not include Wiki markup '' (italic font) or ''' (bold font) because these markup characters will contaminate the metadata.

COinS metadata is created for these parameters
  • |periodical=, |journal=, |newspaper=, |magazine=, |work=, |website=, |encyclopedia=, |encyclopaedia=, |dictionary=
  • |chapter=, |contribution=, |entry=, |article=, |section=
  • |title=
  • |publication-place=, |publicationplace=, |place=, |location=
  • |date=, |year=, |publication-date=, |publicationdate=
  • |series=, |version=
  • |volume=
  • |issue=, |number=
  • |page=, |pages=, |at=
  • |edition=
  • |publisher=, |distributor=, |institution=
  • |url=
  • |chapter-url=, |chapterurl=, |contribution-url=, |contributionurl=, |section-url=, |sectionurl=
  • |author#=, |author-last#=, |author#-last=, |last#=, |surname#=
  • |author-first#=, |author#-first=, |first#=, |given#=
  • any of the named identifiers (|isbn=, |issn=, |doi=, |pmc=, etc)

Deprecated[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

None of the cs1|2 parameters are deprecated.

Description[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Authors[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • last: Surname of author. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: last1, author, authors, author1.
    • first: Given or first names of author, including title(s); for example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Aliases: first1. Requires last; first name will not display if last is empty.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use last1, first1 through last9, first9 for up to nine authors. By default, if nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and "et al." will show in place of the last author. See the display parameters to change. Aliases: author1 through author9.
  • authorlink: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author—not the author's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: authorlink1, author-link, author1-link, author1link.
  • OR: for multiple authors, use authorlink1 through authorlink9. Aliases: author1-link through author9-link.
  • others: To record other contributors to the work, such as Illustrated by John Smith or Translated by John Smith.
When using shortened footnotes or parenthetical referencing styles with templates, do not use multiple names in one field or else the anchor will not match the inline link.

Title[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • title: Title of source page on website; can be wikilinked to an existing Wikipedia article or url may be used to add an external link, but not both. Displays in quotes.
Titles containing certain characters will display and link incorrectly unless those characters are encoded.
newline [ ] |
space &#91; &#93; &#124;
  • trans_title: If the source cited is in a foreign language, an English translation of the title can be given here. The template will display this in square brackets after the work field and it will link to the url field, if used. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
This parameter is required and will generate an error if not defined. On errors, main, help and template pages are placed into Category:Articles with incorrect citation syntax. Set |template-doc-demo=true to disable categorization; mainly used for documentation where the error is demonstrated.
  • website: Title of website; may be wikilinked. Displays in italics. Aliases: work
  • type: Provides additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case. Displays in parentheses following the title. Examples: Thesis, Booklet, CD liner, Press release. Alias: medium.
  • language: The language in which the source is written. Displays in parentheses with "in" before the language name or names. Use the full language name or ISO 639-1 code. When the source uses more than one language, list them individually, separated by commas, e.g. |language=French, German. The use of language names or language codes recognized by Wikimedia adds the page to the appropriate subcategory of Category:CS1 foreign language sources; do not use templates or wikilinks. Note: When the language is "English" (or "en"), no language is displayed in the citation. Note: When two or more languages are listed there is no need to include "and" before the last language. "and" is inserted automatically by the template.

Date[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • date: Date of source being referenced. Can be full date (day, month, and year) or partial date (month and year, year). Use same format as other publication dates in the citations.[೧] Required when year is used to disambiguate {{sfn}} links to multiple-work citations by the same author in the same year.[more] Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and is enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher.
  • OR:
    • year: Year of source being referenced. Required with some types of {{sfn}} citations;[more] otherwise use date.
    • month: Name of the month or season of publication. If you also have the day, use date instead. Do not wikilink.
    • origyear: Original publication year; displays after the date or year. For clarity, please supply specifics. For example: |origyear=First published 1859 or |origyear=Composed 1904.
  1. Publication dates in references within an article should all have the same format. See: MOS:DATEUNIFY.

Publisher[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • publisher: Name of publisher; may be wikilinked if relevant. The publisher is the company that publishes the work being cited. Do not use the publisher parameter for the name of a work (e.g., a book, encyclopedia, newspaper, magazine, journal, website). Not normally used for periodicals. Corporate designations such as "Ltd", "Inc" or "GmbH" are not usually included. Omit where the publisher's name is substantially the same as the name of the work (for example, The New York Times Co. publishes The New York Times newspaper, so there is no reason to name the publisher). Displays after title.
  • place: Geographical place of publication; generally not wikilinked; omit when the name of the work includes the location; examples: The Boston Globe, The Times of India. Displays after the title; if work is defined, then location is enclosed in parentheses. Alias: location
  • publication-place: If any one of publication-place, place or location are defined, then the location shows after the title; if publication-place and place or location are defined, then place or location are shown before the title prefixed with "written at" and publication-place is shown after the title.
  • publication-date: Date of publication when different from the date the work was written. Displays only if year or date are defined and only if different, else publication-date is used and displayed as date. Use the same format as other dates in the article; do not wikilink. Follows publisher; if work is not defined, then publication-date is preceded by "published" and enclosed in parenthesis.

Series[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • series or version: When the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal where the issue numbering has restarted.

In-source locations[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • page: The number of a single page in the source that supports the content. Use either |page= or |pages=, but not both. Displays preceded by p. unless |nopp=y.
  • OR: pages: A range of pages in the source that supports the content. Use either |page= or |pages=, but not both. Separate using an en dash (–); separate non-sequential pages with a comma (,); do not use to indicate the total number of pages in the source. Displays preceded by pp. unless |nopp=y.
    • nopp: Set to y to suppress the p. or pp. notations where this is inappropriate; for example, where |page=Front cover.
  • OR: at: For sources where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient. Overridden by |page= or |pages=. Use only one of |page=, |pages=, or |at=.
Examples: page (p.) or pages (pp.); section (sec.), column (col.), paragraph (para.); track; hours, minutes and seconds; act, scene, canto, book, part, folio, stanza, back cover, liner notes, indicia, colophon, dust jacket, verse.

URL[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • url: URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found. Cannot be used if title is wikilinked. If applicable, the link may point to the specific page(s) referenced. Remove spurious tracking parameters from URLs, e.g. #ixzz2rBr3aO94 or ?utm_source=google&utm_medium=...&utm_term=...&utm_campaign=.... Do not link to any commercial booksellers, such as Amazon.com. See: WP:PAGELINKS.
    • accessdate: Full date when original URL was accessed; use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations; requires url.[೧] Do not wikilink. Not required for web pages or linked documents that do not change; mainly for use of web pages that change frequently or have no publication date. Can be hidden or styled by registered editors.
    • archiveurl: The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the url becomes unavailable. Typically used to refer to services like WebCite (see: Wikipedia:Using WebCite) and Internet Archive (see: Wikipedia:Using the Wayback Machine); requires archivedate and url.
      • archivedate: Date when the original URL was archived; preceded by default text "archived from the original on". Use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations. This does not necessarily have to be the same format that was used for citing publication dates.[೧] Do not wikilink.
      • deadurl: When the URL is still live, but pre-emptively archived, then set |deadurl=no. This changes the display order with the title retaining the original link and the archive linked at the end.
    • template doc demo: The archive parameters will be error checked to ensure that all the required parameters are included, or else {{citation error}} is invoked. With errors, main, help and template pages are placed into Category:Articles with incorrect citation syntax. Set |template doc demo=true to disable categorization; mainly used for documentation where the error is demonstrated.
  • format: Format of the work referred to by url; for example: PDF, DOC, or XLS; displayed in parentheses after title. HTML is implied and should not be specified. Does not change the external link icon. Note: External link icons do not include alt text; thus, they do not add format information for the visually impaired.
URLs must begin with a supported URI scheme. http:// and https:// will be supported by all browsers; however, ftp://, gopher://, irc://, ircs://, mailto: and news: may require a plug-in or an external application and should normally be avoided. IPv6 host-names are currently not supported.
If URLs in citation template parameters contain certain characters, then they will not display and link correctly. Those characters need to be percent-encoded. For example, a space must be replaced by %20. To encode the URL, replace the following characters with:
sp " ' < > [ ] { | }
%20 %22 %27 %3c %3e %5b %5d %7b %7c %7d
Single apostrophes do not need to be encoded; however, unencoded multiples will be parsed as italic or bold markup. Single curly closing braces also do not need to be encoded; however, an unencoded pair will be parsed as the double closing braces for the template transclusion.
  1. ೧.೦ ೧.೧ Accessdate and archivedate in references should all have the same format – either the format used for publication dates, or YYYY-MM-DD. See: MOS:DATEUNIFY.

Anchor[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Identifiers[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • id: A unique identifier, used where none of the specialized identifiers are applicable; wikilink or use a template as applicable.

These identifiers create links and are designed to accept a single value. Using multiple values or other text will break the link and/or invalidate the identifier. In general, the parameters should include only the variable part of the identifier, e.g. rfc=822 or pmc=345678.

  • arxiv: arXiv identifier; for example: arxiv=hep-th/9205027 (before April 2007) or arxiv=0706.0001 or arxiv=1501.00001 (since April 2007). Do not include extraneous file extensions like ".pdf" or ".html".
  • asin: Amazon Standard Identification Number; if first character of asin value is a digit, use isbn. Because this link favours one specific distributor, only include it if standard identifiers aren't available.
    • asin-tld: ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US; valid values: au, br, ca, cn, co.jp, co.uk, de, es, fr, it, mx
  • bibcode: Bibcode; used by a number of astronomical data systems; for example: 1974AJ.....79..819H
  • biorxiv: bioRxiv id, a 6-digit number at the end of the biorXiv URL (e.g. 078733 for http://biorxiv.org/content/early/2016/10/01/078733 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1101/078733)
  • citeseerx: CiteSeerX id, a string of digits and dots found in a CiteSeerX URL (e.g. 10.1.1.176.341 for http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.176.341 )
  • doi: Digital object identifier; for example: 10.1038/news070508-7. It is checked to ensure it begins with (10.).
    • doi-broken-date: Date the DOI was found to be non-working at http://dx.doi.org. Use the same format as other dates in the article. Alias: doi_brokendate, doi-inactive-date
  • eissn: International Standard Serial Number for the electronic media of a serial publication; eight characters may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen, but not an en dash or a space. Alias: EISSN
  • hdl: Handle System identifier for digital objects and other resources on the Internet. Alias: HDL
  • isbn: International Standard Book Number; for example: 978-0-8126-9593-9. (See Wikipedia:ISBN and ISBN § Overview.) Dashes in the ISBN are optional, but preferred. Use the ISBN actually printed on or in the book. Use the 13-digit ISBN – beginning with 978 or 979 – when it is available. If only a 10-digit ISBN is printed on or in the book, use it. ISBNs can be found on the page with the publisher's information – usually the back of the title page – or beneath the barcode as a number beginning with 978 or 979 (barcodes beginning with any other numbers are not ISBNs). For sources with the older 9-digit SBN system, prefix the number with a zero; thus, SBN 902888-45-5 should be entered as |isbn=0-902888-45-5. Do not convert a 10-digit ISBN to 13-digit by just adding the 978 prefix; the last digit is a calculated check digit and just making changes to the numbers will make the ISBN invalid. This parameter should hold only the ISBN without any additional characters. It is checked for length, invalid characters – anything other than numbers, spaces, and hyphens, with "X" permitted as the last character in a 10-digit ISBN – and the proper check digit. Alias: ISBN
  • ismn: International Standard Music Number; for example: 979-0-9016791-7-7. Hyphens or spaces in the ISMN are optional. Use the ISMN actually printed on or in the work. This parameter should hold only the ISMN without any additional characters. It is checked for length, invalid characters – anything other than numbers, spaces, and hyphens – and the proper check digit. Alias: ISMN
  • issn: International Standard Serial Number; eight characters may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen, but not an en dash or a space. Alias: ISSN
  • jfm: Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik
  • jstor: JSTOR reference number; for example: jstor=3793107 will generate JSTOR 3793107.
  • lccn: Library of Congress Control Number. When present, alphabetic prefix characters are to be lower case.
  • mr: Mathematical Reviews
  • oclc: OCLC; WorldCat's Online Computer Library Center
  • ol: Open Library identifier; do not include "OL" in the value.
  • osti: Office of Scientific and Technical Information
  • pmc: PubMed Central; use article number for full-text free repository of a journal article, e.g. pmc=345678. Do not include "PMC" in the value. See also the pmid parameter, below; these are two different identifiers.
    • embargo: Date that pmc goes live; if this date is in the future, then pmc is not linked until that date.
  • pmid: PubMed; use unique identifier. See also the pmc parameter, above; these are two different identifiers.
  • rfc: Request for Comments
  • ssrn: Social Science Research Network
  • zbl: Zentralblatt MATH

Quote[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • quote: Relevant text quoted from the source. Displays enclosed in quotes. When supplied, the citation terminator (a period by default) is suppressed, so the quote must include terminating punctuation.

Editors[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • editor-last: Surname of editor. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use editor-last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: editor1-last, editor, editors.
    • editor-first: Given or first names of editor, including title(s); example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Aliases: editor1-first.
    • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-last, editor1-first through editor4-last, editor4-first for up to four editors.
  • editor-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor—not the editor's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: editor1-link.
  • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-link through editor4-link.
Display:
If authors: Authors are first, followed by the editors and the included work, then the main work.
If no authors: Editors appear before the included work; a single editor is followed by "ed."; multiple editors are followed by "eds."; more than three editors will be followed by "et al., eds."

Laysummary[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • laysummary: URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; the URL title is set to "Lay summary".
    • laysource: Name of the source of the laysummary. Displays in italics and preceded by an endash.
    • laydate: Date of the summary. Displays in parentheses.

Display options[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • author-mask: Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text. Set author-mask to a numeric value n to set the dash n em spaces wide; set author-mask to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, "with". You must still include the values for all authors for metadata purposes. Primarily intended for use with bibliography styles where multiple works by a single author are listed sequentially. Do not use in a list generated by {{reflist}}, <references /> or similar as there is no control of the order in which references are displayed.
  • author-name-separator: Controls the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space (, ); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.
  • author-separator: Controls the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space (; ); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.
  • display-authors: Controls the number of author names that are displayed when a citation is published. To control the displayed number of author names, set display-authors to the desired number. For example, |display-authors=2 will display only the first two authors in a citation. By default, the only the first eight cited authors are displayed; subsequent authors beyond eight are represented in the published citation by "et al." If a citation contains nine author names and one wishes all nine author names to display, "et al." may be suppressed by setting |display-authors=9. Aliases: displayauthors.
  • lastauthoramp: Switches the separator between the last two names of the author list to space ampersand space ( & ) when set to any value. Example: |lastauthoramp=yes
  • postscript: Controls the closing punctuation for a citation; defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present, but blank, no terminating punctuation will be used. Ignored if quote is defined.
  • separator: Controls the punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc. Defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.

Subscription or registration required[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Citations of online sources that require registration or a subscription are acceptable in Wikipedia as documented in Verifiability – Access to sources. As a courtesy to readers and other editors, editors can signal the access restrictions of the external links included in a citation.

Four access levels can be used:

  • Freely accessible free: the source is free to read for anyone (this applies in particular to articles in open access)
  • Free registration required registration: a free registration is required to access the source
  • Free access subject to limited trial, subscription normally required limited: there are other constraints (such as a cap on daily views) to freely access this source
  • Paid subscription required subscription: the source is only accessible via a paid subscription

As there are often multiple external links with different access levels in the same citation, these values are attributed to a particular external link.

Access level of |url=[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Links inserted with |url= are expected to be free to read by default. If not, editors can use one of

  • |url-access=subscription
  • |url-access=registration
  • |url-access=limited

to indicate the relevant access restriction.

Access level of identifiers[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Links inserted by identifiers such as |doi= are not expected to offer a free full text by default. If they do, editors can use |doi-access=free (in the case of |doi=) to indicate the relevant access level. The following identifiers are supported:

  • |bibcode= with |bibcode-access=free
  • |doi= with |doi-access=free
  • |hdl= with |hdl-access=free
  • |jstor= with |jstor-access=free
  • |ol= with |ol-access=free
  • |osti= with |osti-access=free

Some identifiers always link to free full texts. In this case, the access level is automatically indicated by the template. This is the case for |arxiv=, |biorxiv=, |citeseerx=, |pmc=, |rfc= and |ssrn=.

Ambiguous access parameters[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

The parameters |registration=yes and |subscription=yes can also be used to indicate the access level of a citation. However, they do not indicate which link they apply to, so editors are encouraged to use |url-access=registration and |url-access=subscription instead, when the restriction applies to |url=. If the restriction applies to an identifier, these parameters should be omitted.

These parameters add a link note to the end of the citation:

  • registration: For online sources that require registration, set |registration=yes (or y, or true); superseded by subscription if both are set.
  • subscription: For online sources that require a subscription, set |subscription=yes (or y, or true); supersedes registration if both are set.

Setting |registration= or |subscription= to any value other than y, yes, or true will generate an error message.

TemplateData[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools; see the monthly error report for this template.

TemplateData for Cite web

Formats a citation to a website using the provided information such as URL and title. Used only for sources that are not correctly described by the specific citation templates for books, journals, news sources, etc.

Template parameters

This template prefers inline formatting of parameters.

ಪರಿಮಿತಿವಿವರನಮೂನೆಸ್ಥಾನಮಾನ
URLurl URL

The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found. Requires schemes of the type "http://..." or maybe even the  protocol relative scheme "//..."

Example
https://www.metacritic.com//...
Stringrequired
Titletitle

The title of the source page on the website; will display with quotation marks added. Usually found at the top of you web browser. Not the name of the website.

Stringrequired
Last namelast last1 author author1 author1-last author-last surname1 author-last1 subject1 surname author-last subject

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Lineಸೂಚಿಸಲ್ಪಟ್ಟ
First namefirst given author-first first1 given1 author-first1 author1-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Lineಸೂಚಿಸಲ್ಪಟ್ಟ
Author linkauthorlink author-link subjectlink subject-link authorlink1 author-link1 author1-link subjectlink1 author1link subject-link1 subject1-link subject1link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Authors listauthors people host credits

List of authors as a free form list. Use of this parameter is discouraged, "lastn" to "firstn" are preferable. Warning: do not use if last or any of its aliases are used.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name 2last2 author2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name 2first2

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link 2authorlink2 author2-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author.

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Source datedate

Full date when the source was published; if unknown, use access-date instead; do not wikilink

Stringಸೂಚಿಸಲ್ಪಟ್ಟ
Year of publicationyear

Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor last nameeditor-last editor1-last editor editors

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor first nameeditor-first editor1-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor linkeditor-link editor1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor last name 2editor2-last editor2

The surname of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor first name 2editor2-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second editor; don't wikilink.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor link 2editor2-link editor2link editorlink2

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second editor.

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Websitewebsite work

Name of the website; may be wikilinked; will display in italics. Having both 'Publisher' and 'Website' is redundant in most cases

Example
Rotten Tomatoes
Stringಸೂಚಿಸಲ್ಪಟ್ಟ
Series identifierseries

Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Publisherpublisher

Name of the publisher; may be wikilinked. Having both 'Publisher' and 'Website' is redundant in most cases.

Example
"CBS Interactive" which owns "Metacritic.com"
Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Location of publicationlocation

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Pagepage

Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Pagespages

Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Atat

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Languagelanguage

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Script titlescript-title

For titles in languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc). Prefix with two-character ISO639-1 language code followed by a colon. For Japanese use: |script-title=ja:...

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translated titletrans-title trans_title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Typetype

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Formatformat

Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Othersothers

Used to record other (non-author) contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'. Only one ''others'' parameter is allowed: e.g., 'Illustrated by Jane Doe; Translated by John Smith'

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Original yearorig-year origyear

Original year of publication; provide specifics

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Place of publicationpublication-place

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Publication datepublication-date

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
No ppnopp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
arXiv identifierarxiv

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
ASINasin

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
ASIN TLDasin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Bibcodebibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
biorXivbiorxiv

biorXiv identifier; 6 digits

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
CiteSeerXciteseerx

CiteSeerX identifier; found after the 'doi=' query parameter

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
DOIdoi

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
DOI broken datedoi-broken-date

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
ISBNisbn

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
ISSNissn

International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
jfm codejfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
JSTORjstor

JSTOR identifier

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
LCCNlccn

Library of Congress Control Number

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
MRmr

Mathematical Reviews identifier

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
OCLCoclc

Online Computer Library Center number

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
OLol

Open Library identifier

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
OSTIosti

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
PMCpmc

PubMed Center article number

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
PMIDpmid

PubMed Unique Identifier

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
RFCrfc

Request for Comments number

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
SSRNssrn

Social Science Research Network

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Zblzbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
idid

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
URL access levelurl-access

Classification of the access restrictions on the URL ('registration', 'subscription' or 'limited')

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Archive URLarchive-url archiveurl

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archive-date'

Stringಸೂಚಿಸಲ್ಪಟ್ಟ
Archive datearchive-date archivedate

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

Stringಸೂಚಿಸಲ್ಪಟ್ಟ
Dead URLdead-url deadurl

If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

Stringಸೂಚಿಸಲ್ಪಟ್ಟ
URL access dateaccess-date accessdate

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

Stringಸೂಚಿಸಲ್ಪಟ್ಟ
Quotequote

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; must include terminating punctuation

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Refref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv template

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Postscriptpostscript

The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
.
Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Subscription requiredsubscription

When set to yes, displays “(subscription required)” to indicate an online source that requires subscription

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Registration requiredregistration

When set to yes, displays “(registration required)” to indicate an online source that requires registration

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Separatorseparator

The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc.; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
.
Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Lay URLlayurl

URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary'

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Lay sourcelaysource

Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Lay datelaydate

Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author maskauthor-mask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name 3last3 author3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name 3first3

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link 3authorlink3 author3-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name 4last4 author4

The surname of the fourth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name 4first4

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth author; don't wikilink.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link 4authorlink4 author4-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth author.

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name 5last5 author5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name 5first5

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link 5authorlink5 author5-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth author.

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name 6last6 author6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name 6first6 author6-link

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link 6authorlink6

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name 7last7 author7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name 7first7

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link 7authorlink7 author7-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name 8last8 author8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name 8first8

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link 8authorlink8 author8-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name 9last9 author9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name 9first9

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link 9authorlink9 author9-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author name separatorauthor-name-separator

Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
,
Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author separatorauthor-separator

Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
;
Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Display authorsdisplay-authors displayauthors

Number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used; default is to do so after 8 of 9 are listed.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
8
ಸಂಖ್ಯೆಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last author ampersandlastauthoramp

When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor last name 3editor3-last editor3

The surname of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor first name 3editor3-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third editor; don't wikilink.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor link 3editor3-link editor3link editorlink3

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third editor.

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor last name 4editor4-last editor4

The surname of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor first name 4editor4-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth editor; don't wikilink.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor link 4editor4-link editor4link editorlink4

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth editor.

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor last name 5editor5-last editor5

The surname of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link'.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor first name 5editor5-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth editor; don't wikilink.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor link 5editor5-link editor5link editorlink5

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth editor.

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor last name 6editor6-last editor6

The surname of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link'.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor first name 6editor6-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth editor; don't wikilink.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor link 6editor6-link editor6link editorlink6

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth editor.

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor last name 7editor7-last editor7

The surname of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link'.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor first name 7editor7-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh editor; don't wikilink.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor link 7editor7-link editor7link editorlink7

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh editor.

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor last name 8editor8-last editor8

The surname of the eighth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link'.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor first name 8editor8-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth editor; don't wikilink.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor link 8editor8-link editor8link editorlink8

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth editor.

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor last name 9editor9-last editor9

The surname of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link'.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor first name 9editor9-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth editor; don't wikilink.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor link 9editor9-link editor9link editorlink9

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth editor.

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editionedition

Specify the edition or revision of the source, when applicable. For example: '2nd' or '5.1'. What you supply here is suffixed by ' ed.'

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Bibcode access levelbibcode-access

If the full text is available from ADS via this Bibcode, type 'free'.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
DOI access leveldoi-access

If the full text is free to read via the DOI, type 'free'.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
HDL access levelhdl-access

If the full text is free to read via the HDL, type 'free'.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Jstor access leveljstor-access

If the full text is free to read on Jstor, type 'free'.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
OpenLibrary access levelol-access

If the full text is free to read on OpenLibrary, type 'free'.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
OSTI access levelosti-access

If the full text is free to read on OSTI, type 'free'.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ

See also[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

This template produces COinS metadata; see COinS in Wikipedia for background information.