ಟೆಂಪ್ಲೇಟು:Cite web

ವಿಕಿಪೀಡಿಯ ಇಂದ
ಇಲ್ಲಿಗೆ ಹೋಗು: ಸಂಚರಣೆ, ಹುಡುಕು
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Citation Style 1 templates
{{Cite arXiv}} arXiv preprints
{{Cite AV media}} audio and visual
{{Cite AV media notes}} audio and visual liner notes
{{Cite bioRxiv}} bioRxiv preprints
{{Cite book}} books
{{Cite conference}} conference papers
{{Cite encyclopedia}} edited collections
{{Cite episode}} radio or television episodes
{{Cite interview}} interviews
{{Cite journal}} academic journals and papers
{{Cite magazine}} magazines, periodicals
{{Cite mailing list}} public mailing lists
{{Cite map}} maps
{{Cite news}} news articles
{{Cite newsgroup}} online newsgroups
{{Cite podcast}} audio or video podcast
{{Cite press release}} press releases
{{Cite report}} reports
{{Cite serial}} audio or video serials
{{Cite sign}} signs, plaques
{{Cite speech}} speeches
{{Cite techreport}} technical reports
{{Cite thesis}} theses
{{Cite web}} any resource accessible through a URL
See also:

This Citation Style 1 template is used to create citations for web sources that are not characterized by another CS1 template.

Usage[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Copy a blank version to use. All parameter names must be in lowercase. Use the "|" (pipe) character between each parameter. Delete unused parameters to avoid clutter in the edit window. Some samples may include the current date. If the date is not current, then purge the page.

Most commonly used parameters in horizontal format

For references with author credit

{{cite web |url= |title= |last= |first= |date= |website= |publisher= |access-date= |quote=}}

For references without author credit

{{cite web |url= |title= |author=<!--Not stated--> |date= |website= |publisher= |access-date= |quote=}}
Most commonly used parameters in vertical format
{{cite web
 |url=
 |title=
 |last=
 |first=
 |date=
 |website=
 |publisher=
 |access-date=
 |quote= }}
Full parameter set in horizontal format
{{cite web |url= |title= |last= |first= |author= |author-link= |last2= |first2= |author2= |author-link2= |date= |year= |editor-last= |editor-first= |editor= |editor-link= |editor2-last= |editor2-first= |editor2-link= |editors= |department= |website= |series= |publisher= |location= |page= |pages= |at= |language= |script-title= |trans-title= |type= |format= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |doi= |doi-broken-date= |isbn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |osti= |pmc= |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |archive-url= |archive-date= |dead-url= |access-date= |quote= |ref= |postscript= |subscription= |registration=}}
Full parameter set in vertical format
Vertical list Prerequisites Brief instructions / notes
{{cite web
 |url=
 |title=
 |last=
 |first=
 |author-link=
 |last2=
 |first2=
 |author-link2=
 |date=
 |year=
 |editor-last=
 |editor-first=
 |editor-link=
 |editor2-last=
 |editor2-first=
 |editor2-link=
 |department=
 |website=
 |series=
 |publisher=
 |location=
 |page=
 |pages=
 |at=
 |language=
 |script-title=
 |trans-title=
 |type=
 |format=
 |arxiv=
 |asin=
 |bibcode=
 |doi=
 |doi-broken-date=
 |isbn=
 |issn=
 |jfm=
 |jstor=
 |lccn=
 |mr=
 |oclc=
 |ol=
 |osti=
 |pmc=
 |pmid=
 |rfc=
 |ssrn=
 |zbl=
 |id=
 |archive-url=
 |archive-date=
 |dead-url=
 |access-date=
 |quote=
 |ref=
 |postscript=
 |subscription=
 |registration= }}
 
 
 
 
last
 
last
last2
 
 
 
 
editor-last
 
editor-last
editor2-last
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
url, archive-date
archive-url
url
url
 
 
 
 
 
 
required
required
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  • If a field name is listed in the Prerequisites column, it is a prerequisite for the field to the left.

Choosing between {{Cite web}} and {{Cite news}}[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Before 2014, editors needed to decide whether to use {{Cite web}} or {{Cite news}} based on their features. In 2014, however, most of the differences between the two templates were eliminated.

As of 29 July 2016, {{Cite web}} and {{Cite news}} have the following differences:

But given the same set of valid parameters, their output is exactly the same:

Cite web: Silverman, Dwight (July 15, 2011). "Microsoft envisions a universal OS, but it might not be called Windows". Houston Chronicle. Hearst Corporation. Retrieved May 26, 2015.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
Cite news: Silverman, Dwight (July 15, 2011). "Microsoft envisions a universal OS, but it might not be called Windows". Houston Chronicle. Hearst Corporation. Retrieved May 26, 2015.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

Examples[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |publisher=Open Publishing |date=April 30, 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |access-date=೧೬ ಆಗಸ್ಟ್ ೨೦೧೭}}
Doe, John (April 30, 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. Retrieved ೧೬ ಆಗಸ್ಟ್ ೨೦೧೭.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |access-date=೧೬ ಆಗಸ್ಟ್ ೨೦೧೭}}
Doe, John (30 April 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Encyclopedia of Things. Retrieved ೧೬ ಆಗಸ್ಟ್ ೨೦೧೭.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |date=2005-04-30 |access-date=೧೬ ಆಗಸ್ಟ್ ೨೦೧೭}}
Doe, John (2005-04-30). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Retrieved ೧೬ ಆಗಸ್ಟ್ ೨೦೧೭.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |access-date=೧೬ ಆಗಸ್ಟ್ ೨೦೧೭}}
Doe, John. "My Favorite Things, Part II". Retrieved ೧೬ ಆಗಸ್ಟ್ ೨೦೧೭.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |access-date=೧೬ ಆಗಸ್ಟ್ ೨೦೧೭}}
"My Favorite Things, Part II". Retrieved ೧೬ ಆಗಸ್ಟ್ ೨೦೧೭.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.nfl.com/rulebook/digestofrules |title=Digest of Rules |publisher=National Football League |access-date=೧೬ ಆಗಸ್ಟ್ ೨೦೧೭}}
"Digest of Rules". National Football League. Retrieved ೧೬ ಆಗಸ್ಟ್ ೨೦೧೭.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

Using format[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.indiapost.gov.in/Pdf/Customs/List_of_Psychotropic_Substances.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |publisher=International Narcotics Control Board |format=PDF |access-date=೧೬ ಆಗಸ್ಟ್ ೨೦೧೭}}
"List of psychotropic substances under international control" (PDF). International Narcotics Control Board. Retrieved ೧೬ ಆಗಸ್ಟ್ ೨೦೧೭.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

Foreign language and translated title[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Honi soit qui mal y pense |last=Joliet |first=François |date=30 April 2005 |access-date=೧೬ ಆಗಸ್ಟ್ ೨೦೧೭ |language=French |trans-title=Shame on those who think evil of it}}
Joliet, François (30 April 2005). "Honi soit qui mal y pense" [Shame on those who think evil of it] (in French). Retrieved ೧೬ ಆಗಸ್ಟ್ ೨೦೧೭.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

Using author-link[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |author-link=John Doe |publisher=Open Publishing |date=April 30, 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |access-date=೧೬ ಆಗಸ್ಟ್ ೨೦೧೭}}
Doe, John (April 30, 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. Retrieved ೧೬ ಆಗಸ್ಟ್ ೨೦೧೭.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Our Favourite Things |last1=Doe |first1=John |last2=Smith |first2=Peter |last3=Smythe |first3=Jim |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopaedia of Things |access-date=೧೬ ಆಗಸ್ಟ್ ೨೦೧೭}}
Doe, John; Smith, Peter; Smythe, Jim (30 April 2005). "Our Favourite Things". Encyclopaedia of Things. Open Publishing. Retrieved ೧೬ ಆಗಸ್ಟ್ ೨೦೧೭.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |publisher=Open Publishing |date=2005-04-30 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |access-date=೧೬ ಆಗಸ್ಟ್ ೨೦೧೭}}
"Index of Sharp Things". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. 2005-04-30. Retrieved ೧೬ ಆಗಸ್ಟ್ ೨೦೧೭.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |access-date=೧೬ ಆಗಸ್ಟ್ ೨೦೧೭}}
"Index of Sharp Things". Encyclopedia of Things. 30 April 2005. Retrieved ೧೬ ಆಗಸ್ಟ್ ೨೦೧೭.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=April 30, 2005 |access-date=೧೬ ಆಗಸ್ಟ್ ೨೦೧೭}}
"Index of Sharp Things". April 30, 2005. Retrieved ೧೬ ಆಗಸ್ಟ್ ೨೦೧೭.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=2005-04-30 |format=PDF |access-date=೧೬ ಆಗಸ್ಟ್ ೨೦೧೭ |language=Greek}}
"List of psychotropic substances under international control" (PDF) (in Greek). 2005-04-30. Retrieved ೧೬ ಆಗಸ್ಟ್ ೨೦೧೭.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

Using "archive-url" and "archive-date" (and optionally "dead-url") for webpages that have been archived[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=2005-04-30 |format=PDF |access-date=೧೬ ಆಗಸ್ಟ್ ೨೦೧೭ |archive-url=http://web.archive.org/web/20050907150136/http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |archive-date=2005-09-07}}
"List of psychotropic substances under international control" (PDF). 2005-04-30. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2005-09-07. Retrieved ೧೬ ಆಗಸ್ಟ್ ೨೦೧೭.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi?archive=currnews&story=20060405-01shore.htm |title=Interview with Maggie Downs |date=March 31, 2006 |publisher=The Desert Sun |archive-url=http://72.14.207.104/search?q=cache:JAxf4v-pQmgJ:joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi%3Farchive%3Dcurrnews%26story%3D20060405-01shore.htm |archive-date=April 26, 2006 |dead-url=no}}
"Interview with Maggie Downs". The Desert Sun. March 31, 2006. Archived from the original on April 26, 2006. 
  • {{Cite web |url=http://www.wunderground.com/global/stations/03772.html |title=London, United Kingdom Forecast : Weather Underground (weather and elevation at Heathrow Airport) |publisher=The Weather Underground |access-date=೧೬ ಆಗಸ್ಟ್ ೨೦೧೭ | archive-url=http://www.webcitation.org/5yo0HaAk7 |archive-date=19 May 2011 |dead-url=no}}
"London, United Kingdom Forecast : Weather Underground (weather and elevation at Heathrow Airport)". The Weather Underground. Archived from the original on 19 May 2011. Retrieved ೧೬ ಆಗಸ್ಟ್ ೨೦೧೭.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

Using quote[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.webexhibits.org/daylightsaving/c.html |title=Daylight saving time: rationale and original idea |website=WebExhibits |year=2008 |access-date=೧೬ ಆಗಸ್ಟ್ ೨೦೧೭ |quote=...&nbsp;Lord Balfour came forward with a unique concern: 'Supposing some unfortunate lady was confined with twins&nbsp;...'}}
"Daylight saving time: rationale and original idea". WebExhibits. 2008. Retrieved ೧೬ ಆಗಸ್ಟ್ ೨೦೧೭. ... Lord Balfour came forward with a unique concern: 'Supposing some unfortunate lady was confined with twins ...'  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

Parameters[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Syntax[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Nested parameters rely on their parent parameters:

  • parent
  • OR: parent2—may be used instead of parent
    • child—may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2—may be used instead of child (and is ignored if parent2 is not used)
Where aliases are listed, only one of the parameters may be defined; if multiple aliased parameters are defined, then only one will show.

By default, sets of fields are terminated with a period (.).

COinS[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

This template embeds COinS metadata in the HTML output, allowing reference management software to retrieve bibliographic metadata. See Wikipedia:COinS. As a general rule, only one data item per parameter. Do not include explanatory or alternate text:

  • Use |date=27 September 2007 not |date=27 September 2007 (print version 25 September)

Use of templates within the citation template is discouraged because many of these templates will add extraneous HTML or CSS that will be included raw in the metadata. Also, HTML entities, for example &nbsp;, &ndash;, etc, should not be used in parameters that contribute to the metadata. Do not include Wiki markup '' (italic font) or ''' (bold font) because these markup characters will contaminate the metadata.

COinS metadata is created for these parameters
  • |periodical=, |journal=, |newspaper=, |magazine=, |work=, |website=, |encyclopedia=, |encyclopaedia=, |dictionary=
  • |chapter=, |contribution=, |entry=, |article=, |section=
  • |title=
  • |publication-place=, |publicationplace=, |place=, |location=
  • |date=, |year=, |publication-date=, |publicationdate=
  • |series=, |version=
  • |volume=
  • |issue=, |number=
  • |page=, |pages=, |at=
  • |edition=
  • |publisher=, |distributor=, |institution=
  • |url=
  • |chapter-url=, |chapterurl=, |contribution-url=, |contributionurl=, |section-url=, |sectionurl=
  • |author#=, |author-last#=, |author#-last=, |last#=, |surname#=
  • |author-first#=, |author#-first=, |first#=, |given#=
  • any of the named identifiers (|isbn=, |issn=, |doi=, |pmc=, etc)

Deprecated[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

None of the cs1|2 parameters are deprecated.

Description[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Authors[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • last: Surname of author. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: last1, author, authors, author1.
    • first: Given or first names of author, including title(s); for example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Aliases: first1. Requires last; first name will not display if last is empty.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use last1, first1 through last9, first9 for up to nine authors. By default, if nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and "et al." will show in place of the last author. See the display parameters to change. Aliases: author1 through author9.
  • authorlink: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author—not the author's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: authorlink1, author-link, author1-link, author1link.
  • OR: for multiple authors, use authorlink1 through authorlink9. Aliases: author1-link through author9-link.
  • others: To record other contributors to the work, such as Illustrated by John Smith or Translated by John Smith.
When using shortened footnotes or parenthetical referencing styles with templates, do not use multiple names in one field or else the anchor will not match the inline link.

Title[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • title: Title of source page on website; can be wikilinked to an existing Wikipedia article or url may be used to add an external link, but not both. Displays in quotes.
Titles containing certain characters will display and link incorrectly unless those characters are encoded.
newline [ ] |
space &#91; &#93; &#124;
  • trans_title: If the source cited is in a foreign language, an English translation of the title can be given here. The template will display this in square brackets after the work field and it will link to the url field, if used. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
This parameter is required and will generate an error if not defined. On errors, main, help and template pages are placed into Category:Articles with incorrect citation syntax. Set |template-doc-demo=true to disable categorization; mainly used for documentation where the error is demonstrated.
  • website: Title of website; may be wikilinked. Displays in italics. Aliases: work
  • type: Provides additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case. Displays in parentheses following the title. Examples: Thesis, Booklet, CD liner, Press release. Alias: medium.
  • language: The language in which the source is written. Displays in parentheses with "in" before the language name or names. Use the full language name or ISO 639-1 code. When the source uses more than one language, list them individually, separated by commas, e.g. |language=French, German. The use of language names or language codes recognized by Wikimedia adds the page to the appropriate subcategory of Category:CS1 foreign language sources; do not use templates or wikilinks. Note: When the language is "English" (or "en"), no language is displayed in the citation. Note: When two or more languages are listed there is no need to include "and" before the last language. "and" is inserted automatically by the template.

Date[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • date: Date of source being referenced. Can be full date (day, month, and year) or partial date (month and year, year). Use same format as other publication dates in the citations.[೧] Required when year is used to disambiguate {{sfn}} links to multiple-work citations by the same author in the same year.[more] Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and is enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher.
  • OR:
    • year: Year of source being referenced. Required with some types of {{sfn}} citations;[more] otherwise use date.
    • month: Name of the month or season of publication. If you also have the day, use date instead. Do not wikilink.
    • origyear: Original publication year; displays after the date or year. For clarity, please supply specifics. For example: |origyear=First published 1859 or |origyear=Composed 1904.
  1. Publication dates in references within an article should all have the same format. See: MOS:DATEUNIFY.

Publisher[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • publisher: Name of publisher; may be wikilinked if relevant. The publisher is the company that publishes the work being cited. Do not use the publisher parameter for the name of a work (e.g., a book, encyclopedia, newspaper, magazine, journal, website). Not normally used for periodicals. Corporate designations such as "Ltd", "Inc" or "GmbH" are not usually included. Omit where the publisher's name is substantially the same as the name of the work (for example, The New York Times Co. publishes The New York Times newspaper, so there is no reason to name the publisher). Displays after title.
  • place: Geographical place of publication; generally not wikilinked; omit when the name of the work includes the location; examples: The Boston Globe, The Times of India. Displays after the title; if work is defined, then location is enclosed in parentheses. Alias: location
  • publication-place: If any one of publication-place, place or location are defined, then the location shows after the title; if publication-place and place or location are defined, then place or location are shown before the title prefixed with "written at" and publication-place is shown after the title.
  • publication-date: Date of publication when different from the date the work was written. Displays only if year or date are defined and only if different, else publication-date is used and displayed as date. Use the same format as other dates in the article; do not wikilink. Follows publisher; if work is not defined, then publication-date is preceded by "published" and enclosed in parenthesis.

Series[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • series or version: When the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal where the issue numbering has restarted.

In-source locations[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • page: The number of a single page in the source that supports the content. Use either |page= or |pages=, but not both. Displays preceded by p. unless |nopp=y.
  • OR: pages: A range of pages in the source that supports the content. Use either |page= or |pages=, but not both. Separate using an en dash (–); separate non-sequential pages with a comma (,); do not use to indicate the total number of pages in the source. Displays preceded by pp. unless |nopp=y.
    • nopp: Set to y to suppress the p. or pp. notations where this is inappropriate; for example, where |page=Front cover.
  • OR: at: For sources where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient. Overridden by |page= or |pages=. Use only one of |page=, |pages=, or |at=.
Examples: page (p.) or pages (pp.); section (sec.), column (col.), paragraph (para.); track; hours, minutes and seconds; act, scene, canto, book, part, folio, stanza, back cover, liner notes, indicia, colophon, dust jacket, verse.

URL[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • url: URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found. Cannot be used if title is wikilinked. If applicable, the link may point to the specific page(s) referenced. Remove spurious tracking parameters from URLs, e.g. #ixzz2rBr3aO94 or ?utm_source=google&utm_medium=...&utm_term=...&utm_campaign=.... Do not link to any commercial booksellers, such as Amazon.com. See: WP:PAGELINKS.
    • accessdate: Full date when original URL was accessed; use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations; requires url.[೧] Do not wikilink. Not required for web pages or linked documents that do not change; mainly for use of web pages that change frequently or have no publication date. Can be hidden or styled by registered editors.
    • archiveurl: The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the url becomes unavailable. Typically used to refer to services like WebCite (see: Wikipedia:Using WebCite) and Internet Archive (see: Wikipedia:Using the Wayback Machine); requires archivedate and url.
      • archivedate: Date when the original URL was archived; preceded by default text "archived from the original on". Use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations. This does not necessarily have to be the same format that was used for citing publication dates.[೧] Do not wikilink.
      • deadurl: When the URL is still live, but pre-emptively archived, then set |deadurl=no. This changes the display order with the title retaining the original link and the archive linked at the end.
    • template doc demo: The archive parameters will be error checked to ensure that all the required parameters are included, or else {{citation error}} is invoked. With errors, main, help and template pages are placed into Category:Articles with incorrect citation syntax. Set |template doc demo=true to disable categorization; mainly used for documentation where the error is demonstrated.
  • format: Format of the work referred to by url; for example: PDF, DOC, or XLS; displayed in parentheses after title. HTML is implied and should not be specified. Does not change the external link icon. Note: External link icons do not include alt text; thus, they do not add format information for the visually impaired.
URLs must begin with a supported URI scheme. http:// and https:// will be supported by all browsers; however, ftp://, gopher://, irc://, ircs://, mailto: and news: may require a plug-in or an external application and should normally be avoided. IPv6 host-names are currently not supported.
If URLs in citation template parameters contain certain characters, then they will not display and link correctly. Those characters need to be percent-encoded. For example, a space must be replaced by %20. To encode the URL, replace the following characters with:
sp " ' < > [ ] { | }
 %20  %22  %27  %3c  %3e  %5b  %5d  %7b  %7c  %7d
Single apostrophes do not need to be encoded; however, unencoded multiples will be parsed as italic or bold markup. Single curly closing braces also do not need to be encoded; however, an unencoded pair will be parsed as the double closing braces for the template transclusion.
  1. ೧.೦ ೧.೧ Accessdate and archivedate in references should all have the same format – either the format used for publication dates, or YYYY-MM-DD. See: MOS:DATEUNIFY.

Anchor[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Identifiers[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • id: A unique identifier, used where none of the specialized identifiers are applicable; wikilink or use a template as applicable.

These identifiers create links and are designed to accept a single value. Using multiple values or other text will break the link and/or invalidate the identifier. In general, the parameters should include only the variable part of the identifier, e.g. rfc=822 or pmc=345678.

  • arxiv: arXiv identifier; for example: arxiv=hep-th/9205027 (before April 2007) or arxiv=0706.0001 or arxiv=1501.00001 (since April 2007). Do not include extraneous file extensions like ".pdf" or ".html".
  • asin: Amazon Standard Identification Number; if first character of asin value is a digit, use isbn. Because this link favours one specific distributor, only include it if standard identifiers aren't available.
    • asin-tld: ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US; valid values: au, br, ca, cn, co.jp, co.uk, de, es, fr, it, mx
  • bibcode: Bibcode; used by a number of astronomical data systems; for example: 1974AJ.....79..819H
  • biorxiv: bioRxiv id, a 6-digit number at the end of the biorXiv URL (e.g. 078733 for http://biorxiv.org/content/early/2016/10/01/078733 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1101/078733)
  • citeseerx: CiteSeerX id, a string of digits and dots found in a CiteSeerX URL (e.g. 10.1.1.176.341 for http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.176.341 )
  • doi: Digital object identifier; for example: 10.1038/news070508-7. It is checked to ensure it begins with (10.).
    • doi-broken-date: Date the DOI was found to be non-working at http://dx.doi.org. Use the same format as other dates in the article. Alias: doi_brokendate, doi-inactive-date
  • eissn: International Standard Serial Number for the electronic media of a serial publication; eight characters may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen, but not an en dash or a space. Alias: EISSN
  • hdl: Handle System identifier for digital objects and other resources on the Internet. Alias: HDL
  • isbn: International Standard Book Number; for example: 978-0-8126-9593-9. (See Wikipedia:ISBN and ISBN § Overview.) Dashes in the ISBN are optional, but preferred. Use the ISBN actually printed on or in the book. Use the 13-digit ISBN – beginning with 978 or 979 – when it is available. If only a 10-digit ISBN is printed on or in the book, use it. ISBNs can be found on the page with the publisher's information – usually the back of the title page – or beneath the barcode as a number beginning with 978 or 979 (barcodes beginning with any other numbers are not ISBNs). For sources with the older 9-digit SBN system, prefix the number with a zero; thus, SBN 902888-45-5 should be entered as |isbn=0-902888-45-5. Do not convert a 10-digit ISBN to 13-digit by just adding the 978 prefix; the last digit is a calculated check digit and just making changes to the numbers will make the ISBN invalid. This parameter should hold only the ISBN without any additional characters. It is checked for length, invalid characters – anything other than numbers, spaces, and hyphens, with "X" permitted as the last character in a 10-digit ISBN – and the proper check digit. Alias: ISBN
  • ismn: International Standard Music Number; for example: 979-0-9016791-7-7. Hyphens or spaces in the ISMN are optional. Use the ISMN actually printed on or in the work. This parameter should hold only the ISMN without any additional characters. It is checked for length, invalid characters – anything other than numbers, spaces, and hyphens – and the proper check digit. Alias: ISMN
  • issn: International Standard Serial Number; eight characters may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen, but not an en dash or a space. Alias: ISSN
  • jfm: Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik
  • jstor: JSTOR reference number; for example: jstor=3793107 will generate JSTOR 3793107.
  • lccn: Library of Congress Control Number. When present, alphabetic prefix characters are to be lower case.
  • mr: Mathematical Reviews
  • oclc: OCLC; WorldCat's Online Computer Library Center
  • ol: Open Library identifier; do not include "OL" in the value.
  • osti: Office of Scientific and Technical Information
  • pmc: PubMed Central; use article number for full-text free repository of a journal article, e.g. pmc=345678. Do not include "PMC" in the value. See also the pmid parameter, below; these are two different identifiers.
    • embargo: Date that pmc goes live; if this date is in the future, then pmc is not linked until that date.
  • pmid: PubMed; use unique identifier. See also the pmc parameter, above; these are two different identifiers.
  • rfc: Request for Comments
  • ssrn: Social Science Research Network
  • zbl: Zentralblatt MATH

Quote[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • quote: Relevant text quoted from the source. Displays enclosed in quotes. When supplied, the citation terminator (a period by default) is suppressed, so the quote must include terminating punctuation.

Editors[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • editor-last: Surname of editor. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use editor-last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: editor1-last, editor, editors.
    • editor-first: Given or first names of editor, including title(s); example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Aliases: editor1-first.
    • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-last, editor1-first through editor4-last, editor4-first for up to four editors.
  • editor-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor—not the editor's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: editor1-link.
  • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-link through editor4-link.
Display:
If authors: Authors are first, followed by the editors and the included work, then the main work.
If no authors: Editors appear before the included work; a single editor is followed by "ed."; multiple editors are followed by "eds."; more than three editors will be followed by "et al., eds."

Laysummary[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • laysummary: URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; the URL title is set to "Lay summary".
    • laysource: Name of the source of the laysummary. Displays in italics and preceded by an endash.
    • laydate: Date of the summary. Displays in parentheses.

Display options[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • author-mask: Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text. Set author-mask to a numeric value n to set the dash n em spaces wide; set author-mask to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, "with". You must still include the values for all authors for metadata purposes. Primarily intended for use with bibliography styles where multiple works by a single author are listed sequentially. Do not use in a list generated by {{reflist}}, <references /> or similar as there is no control of the order in which references are displayed.
  • author-name-separator: Controls the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space (, ); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.
  • author-separator: Controls the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space (; ); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.
  • display-authors: Controls the number of author names that are displayed when a citation is published. To control the displayed number of author names, set display-authors to the desired number. For example, |display-authors=2 will display only the first two authors in a citation. By default, the only the first eight cited authors are displayed; subsequent authors beyond eight are represented in the published citation by "et al." If a citation contains nine author names and one wishes all nine author names to display, "et al." may be suppressed by setting |display-authors=9. Aliases: displayauthors.
  • lastauthoramp: Switches the separator between the last two names of the author list to space ampersand space ( & ) when set to any value. Example: |lastauthoramp=yes
  • postscript: Controls the closing punctuation for a citation; defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present, but blank, no terminating punctuation will be used. Ignored if quote is defined.
  • separator: Controls the punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc. Defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.

Subscription or registration required[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Citations of online sources that require registration or a subscription are acceptable in Wikipedia as documented in Verifiability – Access to sources. As a courtesy to readers and other editors, editors can signal the access restrictions of the external links included in a citation.

Four access levels can be used:

  • Freely accessible free: the source is free to read for anyone (this applies in particular to articles in open access)
  • Free registration required registration: a free registration is required to access the source
  • Free access subject to limited trial, subscription normally required limited: there are other constraints (such as a cap on daily views) to freely access this source
  • Paid subscription required subscription: the source is only accessible via a paid subscription

As there are often multiple external links with different access levels in the same citation, these values are attributed to a particular external link.

Access level of |url=[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Links inserted with |url= are expected to be free to read by default. If not, editors can use one of

  • |url-access=subscription
  • |url-access=registration
  • |url-access=limited

to indicate the relevant access restriction.

Access level of identifiers[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Links inserted by identifiers such as |doi= are not expected to offer a free full text by default. If they do, editors can use |doi-access=free (in the case of |doi=) to indicate the relevant access level. The following identifiers are supported:

  • |bibcode= with |bibcode-access=free
  • |doi= with |doi-access=free
  • |hdl= with |hdl-access=free
  • |jstor= with |jstor-access=free
  • |ol= with |ol-access=free
  • |osti= with |osti-access=free

Some identifiers always link to free full texts. In this case, the access level is automatically indicated by the template. This is the case for |arxiv=, |biorxiv=, |citeseerx=, |pmc=, |rfc= and |ssrn=.

Ambiguous access parameters[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

The parameters |registration=yes and |subscription=yes can also be used to indicate the access level of a citation. However, they do not indicate which link they apply to, so editors are encouraged to use |url-access=registration and |url-access=subscription instead, when the restriction applies to |url=. If the restriction applies to an identifier, these parameters should be omitted.

These parameters add a link note to the end of the citation:

  • registration: For online sources that require registration, set |registration=yes (or y, or true); superseded by subscription if both are set.
  • subscription: For online sources that require a subscription, set |subscription=yes (or y, or true); supersedes registration if both are set.

Setting |registration= or |subscription= to any value other than y, yes, or true will generate an error message.

TemplateData[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools.

See the monthly error report for this template.

TemplateData for Cite web

Formats a citation to a website using the provided information such as URL and title. Used only for sources that are not correctly described by the specific citation templates for books, journals, news sources, etc.

Template parameters

This template has custom formatting.

ಪರಿಮಿತಿ ವಿವರ ನಮೂನೆ ಸ್ಥಾನಮಾನ
URL urlURL

The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found. Requires schemes of the type "http://..." or maybe even the  protocol relative scheme "//..."

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
https://www.metacritic.com//...
Auto value
empty
String required
Title title

The title of the source page on the website; will display with quotation marks added. Usually found at the top of you web browser. Not the name of the website.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String required
Last name lastlast1authorauthor1author1-lastauthor-lastsurname1author-last1subject1surnameauthor-lastsubject

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಸೂಚಿಸಲ್ಪಟ್ಟ
First name firstgivenauthor-firstfirst1given1author-first1author1-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಸೂಚಿಸಲ್ಪಟ್ಟ
Author link authorlinkauthor-linksubjectlinksubject-linkauthorlink1author-link1author1-linksubjectlink1author1linksubject-link1subject1-linksubject1link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Authors list authorspeoplehostcredits

List of authors as a free form list. Use of this parameter is discouraged, "lastn" to "firstn" are preferable. Warning: do not use if last or any of its aliases are used.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name 2 last2author2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name 2 first2

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link 2 authorlink2author2-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Source date date

Full date when the source was published; if unknown, use access-date instead; do not wikilink

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಸೂಚಿಸಲ್ಪಟ್ಟ
Year of publication year

Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor last name editor-lasteditor1-last editor editors

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor first name editor-firsteditor1-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor link editor-linkeditor1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor last name 2 editor2-lasteditor2

The surname of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor first name 2 editor2-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second editor; don't wikilink.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor link 2 editor2-linkeditor2linkeditorlink2

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second editor.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Website websitework

Name of the website; may be wikilinked; will display in italics. Having both 'Publisher' and 'Website' is redundant in most cases

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
Rotten Tomatoes
Auto value
empty
String ಸೂಚಿಸಲ್ಪಟ್ಟ
Series identifier series

Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Publisher publisher

Name of the publisher; may be wikilinked. Having both 'Publisher' and 'Website' is redundant in most cases.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
"CBS Interactive" which owns "Metacritic.com"
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Location of publication location

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Page page

Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Pages pages

Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
At at

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Language language

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Script title script-title

For titles in languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc). Prefix with two-character ISO639-1 language code followed by a colon. For Japanese use: |script-title=ja:...

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translated title trans-titletrans_title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Type type

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Format format

Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Others others

Used to record other (non-author) contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'. Only one ''others'' parameter is allowed: e.g., 'Illustrated by Jane Doe; Translated by John Smith'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Original year orig-yearorigyear

Original year of publication; provide specifics

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Place of publication publication-place

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Publication date publication-date

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
No pp nopp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
arXiv identifier arxiv

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
ASIN asin

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
ASIN TLD asin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Bibcode bibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
biorXiv biorxiv

biorXiv identifier; 6 digits

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
CiteSeerX citeseerx

CiteSeerX identifier; found after the 'doi=' query parameter

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
DOI doi

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
DOI broken date doi-broken-date

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
ISBN isbn

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
ISSN issn

International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
jfm code jfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
JSTOR jstor

JSTOR identifier

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
LCCN lccn

Library of Congress Control Number

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
MR mr

Mathematical Reviews identifier

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
OCLC oclc

Online Computer Library Center number

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
OL ol

Open Library identifier

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
OSTI osti

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
PMC pmc

PubMed Center article number

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
PMID pmid

PubMed Unique Identifier

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
RFC rfc

Request for Comments number

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
SSRN ssrn

Social Science Research Network

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Zbl zbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
id id

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
URL access level url-access

Classification of the access restrictions on the URL ('registration', 'subscription' or 'limited')

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Archive URL archive-urlarchiveurl

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archive-date'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಸೂಚಿಸಲ್ಪಟ್ಟ
Archive date archive-datearchivedate

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಸೂಚಿಸಲ್ಪಟ್ಟ
Dead URL dead-urldeadurl

If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಸೂಚಿಸಲ್ಪಟ್ಟ
URL access date access-dateaccessdate

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಸೂಚಿಸಲ್ಪಟ್ಟ
Quote quote

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; must include terminating punctuation

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Ref ref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv template

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Postscript postscript

The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
.
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Subscription required subscription

When set to yes, displays “(subscription required)” to indicate an online source that requires subscription

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Registration required registration

When set to yes, displays “(registration required)” to indicate an online source that requires registration

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Separator separator

The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc.; a space must be encoded as do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
.
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Lay URL layurl

URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Lay source laysource

Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Lay date laydate

Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author mask author-mask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name 3 last3author3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name 3 first3

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link 3 authorlink3author3-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name 4 last4author4

The surname of the fourth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name 4 first4

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth author; don't wikilink.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link 4 authorlink4author4-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth author.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name 5 last5author5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name 5 first5

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link 5 authorlink5author5-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth author.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name 6 last6author6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name 6 first6author6-link

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link 6 authorlink6

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name 7 last7author7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name 7 first7

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link 7 authorlink7author7-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name 8 last8author8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name 8 first8

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link 8 authorlink8author8-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name 9 last9author9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name 9 first9

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link 9 authorlink9author9-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author name separator author-name-separator

Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
,
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author separator author-separator

Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
;
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Display authors display-authorsdisplayauthors

Number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used; default is to do so after 8 of 9 are listed.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
8
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಸಂಖ್ಯೆ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last author ampersand lastauthoramp

When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor last name 3 editor3-lasteditor3

The surname of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor first name 3 editor3-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third editor; don't wikilink.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor link 3 editor3-linkeditor3linkeditorlink3

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third editor.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor last name 4 editor4-lasteditor4

The surname of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor first name 4 editor4-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth editor; don't wikilink.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor link 4 editor4-linkeditor4linkeditorlink4

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth editor.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor last name 5 editor5-lasteditor5

The surname of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor first name 5 editor5-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth editor; don't wikilink.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor link 5 editor5-linkeditor5linkeditorlink5

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth editor.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor last name 6 editor6-lasteditor6

The surname of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor first name 6 editor6-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth editor; don't wikilink.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor link 6 editor6-linkeditor6linkeditorlink6

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth editor.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor last name 7 editor7-lasteditor7

The surname of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor first name 7 editor7-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh editor; don't wikilink.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor link 7 editor7-linkeditor7linkeditorlink7

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh editor.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor last name 8 editor8-lasteditor8

The surname of the eighth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor first name 8 editor8-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth editor; don't wikilink.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor link 8 editor8-linkeditor8linkeditorlink8

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth editor.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor last name 9 editor9-lasteditor9

The surname of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor first name 9 editor9-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth editor; don't wikilink.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor link 9 editor9-linkeditor9linkeditorlink9

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth editor.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Edition edition

Specify the edition or revision of the source, when applicable. For example: '2nd' or '5.1'. What you supply here is suffixed by ' ed.'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Bibcode access level bibcode-access

If the full text is available from ADS via this Bibcode, type 'free'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
DOI access level doi-access

If the full text is free to read via the DOI, type 'free'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
HDL access level hdl-access

If the full text is free to read via the HDL, type 'free'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Jstor access level jstor-access

If the full text is free to read on Jstor, type 'free'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
OpenLibrary access level ol-access

If the full text is free to read on OpenLibrary, type 'free'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
OSTI access level osti-access

If the full text is free to read on OSTI, type 'free'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ

See also[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

This template produces COinS metadata; see COinS in Wikipedia for background information.