ಟೆಂಪ್ಲೇಟು:Cite book

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Citation Style 1 templates
{{Cite arXiv}}arXiv preprints
{{Cite AV media}}audio and visual
{{Cite AV media notes}}audio and visual liner notes
{{Cite bioRxiv}}bioRxiv preprints
{{Cite book}}books
{{Cite conference}}conference papers
{{Cite encyclopedia}}edited collections
{{Cite episode}}radio or television episodes
{{Cite interview}}interviews
{{Cite journal}}academic journals and papers
{{Cite magazine}}magazines, periodicals
{{Cite mailing list}}public mailing lists
{{Cite map}}maps
{{Cite news}}news articles
{{Cite newsgroup}}online newsgroups
{{Cite podcast}}audio or video podcast
{{Cite press release}}press releases
{{Cite report}}reports
{{Cite serial}}audio or video serials
{{Cite sign}}signs, plaques
{{Cite speech}}speeches
{{Cite techreport}}technical reports
{{Cite thesis}}theses
{{Cite web}}any resource accessible through a URL
See also:

This Citation Style 1 template is used to create citations for books. When citing an article in a periodical, use {{cite journal}}. For edited collections, use {{cite encyclopedia}}.

Usage[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Copy a blank version to use. All parameter names must be in lowercase. Use the "|" (pipe) character between each parameter. Delete unused parameters to avoid clutter in the edit window. Some samples may include the current date. If the date is not current, then purge the page.


Most commonly used parameters in horizontal format

To cite a book with a credited author {{cite book |last= |first= |date= |title= |url= |location= |publisher= |page= |isbn= |author-link= }}

To cite a book with no credited author {{cite book |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |title= |url= |location= |publisher= |page= |date= |isbn=}}

To cite an online book that has been archived {{cite book |last= |first= |date= |title= |url= |dead-url= |location= |publisher= |isbn= |archive-url= |archive-date=}}

To cite a book written in a foreign language {{cite book |last= |first= |date= |title= |trans-title= |url= |language= |location= |publisher= |isbn=}}

To cite and quote an archived, two-author, foreign language book re-published as a PDF on an information aggregation service requiring a subscription {{cite book |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |title= |trans-title= |url= |dead-url= |format= |language= |location= |publisher= |isbn= |archive-url= |archive-date= |via= |subscription= |quote= }}


Full parameter set in horizontal format

{{cite book |last1= |first1= |author-link1= |last2= |first2= |author-link2= |last3= |first3= |author-link3= |last4= |first4= |author-link4= |last5= |first5= |author-link5= |display-authors= |author-mask= |last-author-amp= |date= |year= |orig-year= |chapter= |script-chapter= |trans-chapter= |chapter-url= |chapter-format= |editor1-last= |editor1-first= |editor1-link= |editor2-last= |editor2-first= |editor2-link= |editor3-last= |editor3-first= |editor3-link= |editor4-last= |editor4-first= |editor4-link= |editor5-last= |editor5-first= |editor5-link= |display-editors= |title= |script-title= |trans-title= |url= |dead-url= |format= |type= |series= |language= |volume= |issue= |others= |edition= |location= |publisher= |publication-date= |page= |pages= |at= |nopp= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |doi= |doi-broken-date= |isbn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |osti= |pmc= |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |archive-url= |archive-date= |access-date= |via= |registration= |subscription= |lay-summary= |lay-source= |lay-date= |quote= |name-list-format= |mode= |postscript= |ref= }}

Full parameter set in vertical format
Parameters Prerequisites Brief instructions / notes Vertical list
last1 may also use "last"; for additional authors, "last2", "last3", etc.
{{cite book
|last1=
|first1=
|author-link1=
|author-mask1=
|last2=
|first2=
|display-authors=
|last-author-amp=
|date=
|year=
|orig-year=
|chapter=
|script-chapter=
|trans-chapter=
|chapter-url=
|chapter-format=
|editor1-last=
|editor1-first=
|editor1-link=
|editor1-mask=
|display-editors=
|title=
|script-title=
|trans-title=
|url=
|dead-url=
|format=
|type=
|series=
|language=
|volume=
|issue=
|others=
|edition=
|location=
|publisher=
|publication-date=
|page=
|pages=
|at=
|nopp=
|arxiv=
|asin=
|bibcode=
|doi=
|doi-broken-date=
|isbn=
|issn=
|jfm=
|jstor=
|lccn=
|mr=
|oclc=
|ol=
|osti=
|pmc=
|pmid=
|rfc=
|ssrn=
|zbl=
|id=
|archive-url=
|archive-date=
|access-date=
|via=
|registration=
|subscription=
|lay-summary=
|lay-source=
|lay-date=
|quote=
|name-list-format=
|mode=
|postscript=
|ref=
}}
first1 last or last1 may also use "first"; for additional authors, "first2", "first3", etc.
author-link1 last or last1 may also use "author-link"
author-mask1 last or last1 may also use "author-mask"
last2 last1
first2 last2
display-authors last or last1
last-author-amp last or last1
date
year
orig-year year or date
chapter do not wikilink "chapter" if "chapterurl" is provided
script-chapter
trans-chapter chapter or script-chapter
chapter-url chapter or script-chapter
chapter-format chapter-url
editor1-last may also use "editor-last"
editor1-first editor1-last may also use 'editor-first"
editor1-link editor1-last may also use "editor-link"
editor1-mask editor1-last
display-editors
title
script-title
trans-title title or script-title
url title or script-title
dead-url
format url
type
series
language
volume
issue
others
edition
location publisher
publisher
publication-date
page choose one: "page", "pages", or "at"
pages choose one: "page", "pages", or "at". Use when content on multiple pages supports the article text.
at choose one: "page", "pages", or "at"
nopp page or pages set nopp to "yes" to suppress the "p." or "pp." before page numbers
arxiv
asin
bibcode
doi
doi-broken-date doi
isbn always include ISBN, if one has been assigned
issn
jfm
jstor
lccn
mr
oclc
ol
osti
pmc
pmid
rfc
ssrn
zbl
id
archive-url archive-date, url
archive-date archive-url
access-date url
via
registration
subscription
lay-summary
lay-source lay-summary
lay-date lay-summary
quote
name-list-format vanc to emulate Vancouver style
mode cs1 or cs2
postscript
ref
If a field name is listed in the Prerequisites column it is a prerequisite for the field to the left.

Examples[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Title

  • {{cite book |title=Mysterious Book}}
Mysterious Book.

Title and year

  • {{cite book |title=Mysterious Book |date=1901}}
Mysterious Book. 1901.

Basic usage (single author)

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Joe |authorlink=Joe Bloggs |date=1974 |title=Book of Bloggs}}
Bloggs, Joe (1974). Book of Bloggs.

Basic usage (two authors)

  • {{cite book |last1=Bloggs |first1=Joe |authorlink1=Joe Bloggs |last2=Bloggs |first2=Fred |authorlink2=Fred Bloggs |date=1974 |title=Book of Bloggs}}
Bloggs, Joe; Bloggs, Fred (1974). Book of Bloggs.

Basic usage with url (and access-date) and edition

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Joe |authorlink=Joe Bloggs |date=1974 |title=Book of Bloggs |edition=1st |url=http://en.wikipedia.org/ |access-date=February 17, 2006}}
Bloggs, Joe (1974). Book of Bloggs (1st ed.). Retrieved February 17, 2006.

Citing a chapter in a book with different authors for different chapters and an editor

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Fred |editor-last=Doe |editor-first=John |title=Big Compilation Book with Many Chapters and Distinct Chapter Authors |publisher=Book Publishers |date=January 1, 2001 |pages=100–110 |chapter=Chapter 2: The History of the Bloggs Family |isbn=978-1-234-56789-7}}
Bloggs, Fred (January 1, 2001). "Chapter 2: The History of the Bloggs Family". In Doe, John (ed.). Big Compilation Book with Many Chapters and Distinct Chapter Authors. Book Publishers. pp. 100–110. ISBN 978-1-234-56789-7.

Citing a chapter in a book with two joint authors and an editor

  • {{cite book |last1=Bloggs |first1=Joe |last2=Egg |first2=Fred |editor-last=Doe |editor-first=John |title=Big Book with Many Chapters and Two Co-authors |publisher=Book Publishers |date=January 1, 2001 |orig-year=1st pub. 1986 |pages=100–110 |chapter=Chapter 6: Getting There |chapterurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/ |isbn=978-1-234-56789-7 |lastauthoramp=y}}
Bloggs, Joe & Egg, Fred (January 1, 2001) [1st pub. 1986]. "Chapter 6: Getting There". In Doe, John (ed.). Big Book with Many Chapters and Two Co-authors. Book Publishers. pp. 100–110. ISBN 978-1-234-56789-7.

Three authors, title with a piped wikilink, edition

  • {{cite book |last1=Bloggs |first1=Joe |authorlink1=Joe Bloggs |last2=Smith |first2=John |last3=Smythe |first3=Jim |title=[[A Thousand Acres|1000 Acres]] |edition=2nd}}
Bloggs, Joe; Smith, John; Smythe, Jim. 1000 Acres (2nd ed.).

Complex usage showing effect of using volume parameter and lastauthoramp parameter (without volume and lastauthoramp)

  • {{cite book |last1=Playfair |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Stitt |first2=Commander G.M.S. |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M. |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |date=2007 |orig-year=1st pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3}}
Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; Stitt, Commander G.M.S.; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C.; Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2007) [1st pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M. (ed.). Mediterranean and Middle East. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3.

Complex usage showing effect of using volume parameter and lastauthoramp parameter (with volume and lastauthoramp)

  • {{cite book |last1=Playfair |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Stitt |first2=Commander G.M.S. |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M. |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East |volume=Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |date=2007 |orig-year=1st pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3 |lastauthoramp=y}}
Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; Stitt, Commander G.M.S.; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2007) [1st pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M. (ed.). Mediterranean and Middle East. History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3.

Date without day, wikilinked title and publisher, pages, edition, location

  • {{cite book |last1=Cordell |first1=Bruce R. |last2=Grubb |first2=Jeff |last3=Noonan |first3=David |date=September 2001 |title=[[Manual of the Planes]] |edition=3rd |publisher=[[Wizards of the Coast]] |location=Renton, Washington |isbn=0-7869-1850-0 |pages=134–137}}
Cordell, Bruce R.; Grubb, Jeff; Noonan, David (September 2001). Manual of the Planes (3rd ed.). Renton, Washington: Wizards of the Coast. pp. 134–137. ISBN 0-7869-1850-0.

Other language

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Jean |date=1974 |title=Livre de Bloggs |edition=1st |language=French |trans-title=Book of Bloggs |url=http://en.wikipedia.org/ |access-date=February 17, 2006}}
Bloggs, Jean (1974). Livre de Bloggs [Book of Bloggs] (in French) (1st ed.). Retrieved February 17, 2006.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)

Using a DOI

  • {{cite book |last=Mumford |first=David |authorlink=David Mumford |date=1999 |title=The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes: Includes the Michigan Lectures (1974) on Curves and Their Jacobians |edition=2nd |publisher=[[Springer-Verlag]] |doi=10.1007/b62130 |isbn=354063293X}}
Mumford, David (1999). The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes: Includes the Michigan Lectures (1974) on Curves and Their Jacobians (2nd ed.). Springer-Verlag. doi:10.1007/b62130. ISBN 354063293X.

Using author-mask parameter

  • {{cite book |last1=Playfair |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Stitt |first2=Commander G.M.S. |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M. |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |date=2004 |orig-year=1st pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3 |lastauthoramp=y}}
Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; Stitt, Commander G.M.S.; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2004) [1st pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M. (ed.). Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3.
  • {{cite book |last1=Playfair |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Flynn |first2=Captain F.C. (R.N.) |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M. |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume II: The Germans Come to the Help of Their Ally (1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |date=2004 |orig-year=1st pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-66-1 |lastauthoramp=y |author-mask=2}}
——; Flynn, Captain F.C. (R.N.); Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2004) [1st pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M. (ed.). The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume II: The Germans Come to the Help of Their Ally (1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-66-1.
  • {{cite book |last1=Playfair |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Flynn |first2=Captain F.C. (R.N.) |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Gleave |first4=Group Captain T.P. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=Sir James |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume III: British Fortunes Reach Their Lowest Ebb (September 1941 to September 1942) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |date=2004 |orig-year=1st pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-67-X |lastauthoramp=y |author-mask=2}}
——; Flynn, Captain F.C. (R.N.); Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Gleave, Group Captain T.P. (2004) [1st pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, Sir James (ed.). The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume III: British Fortunes Reach Their Lowest Ebb (September 1941 to September 1942). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-67-X.

Using display-authors parameter

  • {{cite book |last1=Playfair |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Stitt |first2=Commander G.M.S. |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M. |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |date=2004 |orig-year=1st pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3 |display-authors=1}}
Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; et al. (2004) [1st pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M. (ed.). Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3.

Parameters[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Syntax[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Nested parameters rely on their parent parameters:

  • parent
  • OR: parent2—may be used instead of parent
    • child—may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2—may be used instead of child (and is ignored if parent2 is not used)
Where aliases are listed, only one of the parameters may be defined; if multiple aliased parameters are defined, then only one will show.

COinS[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

This template embeds COinS metadata in the HTML output, allowing reference management software to retrieve bibliographic metadata. See Wikipedia:COinS. As a general rule, only one data item per parameter. Do not include explanatory or alternate text:

  • Use |date=27 September 2007 not |date=27 September 2007 (print version 25 September)

Use of templates within the citation template is discouraged because many of these templates will add extraneous HTML or CSS that will be included raw in the metadata. Also, HTML entities, for example &nbsp;, &ndash;, etc, should not be used in parameters that contribute to the metadata. Do not include Wiki markup '' (italic font) or ''' (bold font) because these markup characters will contaminate the metadata.

COinS metadata is created for these parameters
  • |periodical=, |journal=, |newspaper=, |magazine=, |work=, |website=, |encyclopedia=, |encyclopaedia=, |dictionary=
  • |chapter=, |contribution=, |entry=, |article=, |section=
  • |title=
  • |publication-place=, |publicationplace=, |place=, |location=
  • |date=, |year=, |publication-date=, |publicationdate=
  • |series=, |version=
  • |volume=
  • |issue=, |number=
  • |page=, |pages=, |at=
  • |edition=
  • |publisher=, |distributor=, |institution=
  • |url=
  • |chapter-url=, |chapterurl=, |contribution-url=, |contributionurl=, |section-url=, |sectionurl=
  • |author#=, |author-last#=, |author#-last=, |last#=, |surname#=
  • |author-first#=, |author#-first=, |first#=, |given#=
  • any of the named identifiers (|isbn=, |issn=, |doi=, |pmc=, etc)

Deprecated[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

None of the cs1|2 parameters are deprecated.

Description[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Authors[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • last: Surname of author. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: last1, author, authors, author1.
    • first: Given or first names of author, including title(s); for example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Aliases: first1. Requires last; first name will not display if last is empty.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use last1, first1 through last9, first9 for up to nine authors. By default, if nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and "et al." will show in place of the last author. See the display parameters to change. Aliases: author1 through author9.
  • authorlink: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author—not the author's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: authorlink1, author-link, author1-link, author1link.
  • OR: for multiple authors, use authorlink1 through authorlink9. Aliases: author1-link through author9-link.
  • others: To record other contributors to the work, such as Illustrated by John Smith or Translated by John Smith.
When using shortened footnotes or parenthetical referencing styles with templates, do not use multiple names in one field or else the anchor will not match the inline link.

Title[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • title: Title of source. Can be wikilinked to an existing Wikipedia article or url may be used to add an external link, but not both. Displays in italics. If script-title is defined, title holds romanized transliteration of title in script-title.
    • script-title: Original title for languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc); not italicized, follows italicized transliteration defined in title. May be prefixed with an ISO 639-1 two-character code to help browsers properly display the script:
      ... |title=Tōkyō tawā |script-title=ja:東京タワー |trans-title=Tokyo Tower ...
    • trans-title: English translation of the title if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after title; if url is defined, then trans-title is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
Titles containing certain characters will display and link incorrectly unless those characters are encoded.
newline [ ] |
space &#91; &#93; {{!}} (preferred)
{{bracket|text}} &#124; or {{pipe}}see also Help:Table § Rendering the pipe
  • title-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the source named in title – do not use a web address; do not wikilink. Alias: titlelink.
  • type: Provides additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case. Displays in parentheses following the title. Examples: Thesis, Booklet, CD liner, Press release. Alias: medium.
  • chapter: The chapter heading of the source. May be wikilinked or may use chapter-url, but not both. Displays in quotes.
    • script-chapter: Chapter heading for languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc); follows transliteration defined in chapter. Should be prefixed with an ISO 639-1 two-character code to help browsers properly display the script:
      ... |chapter=Tōkyō tawā |script-chapter=ja:東京タワー |trans-chapter=Tokyo Tower ...
    • trans-chapter: English translation of the chapter heading, if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after the chapter field; if chapter-url is defined, then trans-chapter is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
  • language: The language in which the source is written. Displays in parentheses with "in" before the language name or names. Use the full language name or ISO 639-1 code. When the source uses more than one language, list them individually, separated by commas, e.g. |language=French, German. The use of language names or language codes recognized by Wikimedia adds the page to the appropriate subcategory of Category:CS1 foreign language sources; do not use templates or wikilinks. Note: When the language is "English" (or "en"), no language is displayed in the citation. Note: When two or more languages are listed there is no need to include "and" before the last language. "and" is inserted automatically by the template.

Date[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • date: Date of source being referenced. Can be full date (day, month, and year) or partial date (month and year, year). Use same format as other publication dates in the citations.[೧] Required when year is used to disambiguate {{sfn}} links to multiple-work citations by the same author in the same year.[more] Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and is enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher.
  • OR:
    • year: Year of source being referenced. Required with some types of {{sfn}} citations;[more] otherwise use date.
    • month: Name of the month or season of publication. If you also have the day, use date instead. Do not wikilink.
    • origyear: Original publication year; displays after the date or year. For clarity, please supply specifics. For example: |origyear=First published 1859 or |origyear=Composed 1904.
  1. Publication dates in references within an article should all have the same format. See: MOS:DATEUNIFY.

Publisher[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • publisher: Name of publisher; may be wikilinked if relevant. The publisher is the company that publishes the work being cited. Do not use the publisher parameter for the name of a work (e.g., a book, encyclopedia, newspaper, magazine, journal, website). Not normally used for periodicals. Corporate designations such as "Ltd", "Inc" or "GmbH" are not usually included. Omit where the publisher's name is substantially the same as the name of the work (for example, The New York Times Co. publishes The New York Times newspaper, so there is no reason to name the publisher). Displays after title; if work is defined, then publisher is enclosed in parentheses.
  • place: Geographical place of publication; generally not wikilinked; omit when the name of the work includes the location; examples: The Boston Globe, The Times of India. Displays after the title; if work is defined, then location is enclosed in parentheses. Alias: location
  • publication-place: If any one of publication-place, place or location are defined, then the location shows after the title; if publication-place and place or location are defined, then place or location are shown before the title prefixed with "written at" and publication-place is shown after the title.
  • publication-date: Date of publication when different from the date the work was written. Displays only if year or date are defined and only if different, else publication-date is used and displayed as date. Use the same format as other dates in the article; do not wikilink. Follows publisher; if work is not defined, then publication-date is preceded by "published" and enclosed in parenthesis.

Edition, series, volume[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • edition: When the publication has more than one edition; for example: "2nd", "Revised", and so forth. Appends the string " ed." after the field, so |edition=2nd produces "2nd ed." Does not display if a periodical field is defined.
  • series or version: When the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal where the issue numbering has restarted.
  • volume: For one publication published in several volumes. Displays after the title and series fields; displays in bold— if bolding is not desired, then include the volume information in the title field.

In-source locations[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • page: The number of a single page in the source that supports the content. Use either |page= or |pages=, but not both. Displays preceded by p. unless |nopp=y.
  • OR: pages: A range of pages in the source that supports the content. Use either |page= or |pages=, but not both. Separate using an en dash (–); separate non-sequential pages with a comma (,); do not use to indicate the total number of pages in the source. Displays preceded by pp. unless |nopp=y.
    • nopp: Set to y to suppress the p. or pp. notations where this is inappropriate; for example, where |page=Front cover.
  • OR: at: For sources where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient. Overridden by |page= or |pages=. Use only one of |page=, |pages=, or |at=.
Examples: page (p.) or pages (pp.); section (sec.), column (col.), paragraph (para.); track; hours, minutes and seconds; act, scene, canto, book, part, folio, stanza, back cover, liner notes, indicia, colophon, dust jacket, verse.

URL[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • url: URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found. Cannot be used if title is wikilinked. If applicable, the link may point to the specific page(s) referenced. Remove spurious tracking parameters from URLs, e.g. #ixzz2rBr3aO94 or ?utm_source=google&utm_medium=...&utm_term=...&utm_campaign=.... Do not link to any commercial booksellers, such as Amazon.com. See: WP:PAGELINKS.
    • accessdate: Full date when original URL was accessed; use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations; requires url.[೧] Do not wikilink. Not required for web pages or linked documents that do not change; mainly for use of web pages that change frequently or have no publication date. Can be hidden or styled by registered editors.
    • archiveurl: The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the url becomes unavailable. Typically used to refer to services like WebCite (see: Wikipedia:Using WebCite) and Internet Archive (see: Wikipedia:Using the Wayback Machine); requires archivedate and url.
      • archivedate: Date when the original URL was archived; preceded by default text "archived from the original on". Use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations. This does not necessarily have to be the same format that was used for citing publication dates.[೧] Do not wikilink.
      • deadurl: When the URL is still live, but pre-emptively archived, then set |deadurl=no. This changes the display order with the title retaining the original link and the archive linked at the end.
    • template doc demo: The archive parameters will be error checked to ensure that all the required parameters are included, or else {{citation error}} is invoked. With errors, main, help and template pages are placed into Category:Articles with incorrect citation syntax. Set |template doc demo=true to disable categorization; mainly used for documentation where the error is demonstrated.
  • format: Format of the work referred to by url; for example: PDF, DOC, or XLS; displayed in parentheses after title. HTML is implied and should not be specified. Does not change the external link icon. Note: External link icons do not include alt text; thus, they do not add format information for the visually impaired.
URLs must begin with a supported URI scheme. http:// and https:// will be supported by all browsers; however, ftp://, gopher://, irc://, ircs://, mailto: and news: may require a plug-in or an external application and should normally be avoided. IPv6 host-names are currently not supported.
If URLs in citation template parameters contain certain characters, then they will not display and link correctly. Those characters need to be percent-encoded. For example, a space must be replaced by %20. To encode the URL, replace the following characters with:
sp " ' < > [ ] { | }
%20 %22 %27 %3c %3e %5b %5d %7b %7c %7d
Single apostrophes do not need to be encoded; however, unencoded multiples will be parsed as italic or bold markup. Single curly closing braces also do not need to be encoded; however, an unencoded pair will be parsed as the double closing braces for the template transclusion.
  1. ೧.೦ ೧.೧ Accessdate and archivedate in references should all have the same format – either the format used for publication dates, or YYYY-MM-DD. See: MOS:DATEUNIFY.

Chapter URL[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • chapter-url: URL of an individual chapter of online source. Should be at the same site as url, if any. If chapter-url is used, url should only be used if the beginning of the work and the cited chapter are on separate webpages at the site. chapter may be wikilinked or chapter-url used, but not both. Aliases: chapterurl, contribution-url, section-url.
  • chapter-format: Format of the work referred to by chapter-url; for example: PDF, DOC, or XLS; displayed in parentheses after chapter. HTML is implied and should not be specified. Does not change the external link icon. Note: External link icons do not include alt text; thus, they do not add format information for the visually impaired.

Anchor[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Identifiers[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • id: A unique identifier, used where none of the specialized identifiers are applicable; wikilink or use a template as applicable.

These identifiers create links and are designed to accept a single value. Using multiple values or other text will break the link and/or invalidate the identifier. In general, the parameters should include only the variable part of the identifier, e.g. rfc=822 or pmc=345678.

  • arxiv: arXiv identifier; for example: arxiv=hep-th/9205027 (before April 2007) or arxiv=0706.0001 or arxiv=1501.00001 (since April 2007). Do not include extraneous file extensions like ".pdf" or ".html".
  • asin: Amazon Standard Identification Number; if first character of asin value is a digit, use isbn. Because this link favours one specific distributor, only include it if standard identifiers aren't available.
    • asin-tld: ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US; valid values: au, br, ca, cn, co.jp, co.uk, de, es, fr, it, mx
  • bibcode: Bibcode; used by a number of astronomical data systems; for example: 1974AJ.....79..819H
  • biorxiv: bioRxiv id, a 6-digit number at the end of the biorXiv URL (e.g. 078733 for http://biorxiv.org/content/early/2016/10/01/078733 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1101/078733)
  • citeseerx: CiteSeerX id, a string of digits and dots found in a CiteSeerX URL (e.g. 10.1.1.176.341 for http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.176.341 )
  • doi: Digital object identifier; for example: 10.1038/news070508-7. It is checked to ensure it begins with (10.).
    • doi-broken-date: Date the DOI was found to be non-working at http://dx.doi.org. Use the same format as other dates in the article. Alias: doi_brokendate, doi-inactive-date
  • eissn: International Standard Serial Number for the electronic media of a serial publication; eight characters may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen, but not an en dash or a space. Alias: EISSN
  • hdl: Handle System identifier for digital objects and other resources on the Internet. Alias: HDL
  • isbn: International Standard Book Number; for example: 978-0-8126-9593-9. (See Wikipedia:ISBN and ISBN § Overview.) Dashes in the ISBN are optional, but preferred. Use the ISBN actually printed on or in the book. Use the 13-digit ISBN – beginning with 978 or 979 – when it is available. If only a 10-digit ISBN is printed on or in the book, use it. ISBNs can be found on the page with the publisher's information – usually the back of the title page – or beneath the barcode as a number beginning with 978 or 979 (barcodes beginning with any other numbers are not ISBNs). For sources with the older 9-digit SBN system, prefix the number with a zero; thus, SBN 902888-45-5 should be entered as |isbn=0-902888-45-5. Do not convert a 10-digit ISBN to 13-digit by just adding the 978 prefix; the last digit is a calculated check digit and just making changes to the numbers will make the ISBN invalid. This parameter should hold only the ISBN without any additional characters. It is checked for length, invalid characters – anything other than numbers, spaces, and hyphens, with "X" permitted as the last character in a 10-digit ISBN – and the proper check digit. Alias: ISBN
  • ismn: International Standard Music Number; for example: 979-0-9016791-7-7. Hyphens or spaces in the ISMN are optional. Use the ISMN actually printed on or in the work. This parameter should hold only the ISMN without any additional characters. It is checked for length, invalid characters – anything other than numbers, spaces, and hyphens – and the proper check digit. Alias: ISMN
  • issn: International Standard Serial Number; eight characters may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen, but not an en dash or a space. Alias: ISSN
  • jfm: Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik
  • jstor: JSTOR reference number; for example: jstor=3793107 will generate JSTOR 3793107.
  • lccn: Library of Congress Control Number. When present, alphabetic prefix characters are to be lower case.
  • mr: Mathematical Reviews
  • oclc: OCLC; WorldCat's Online Computer Library Center
  • ol: Open Library identifier; do not include "OL" in the value.
  • osti: Office of Scientific and Technical Information
  • pmc: PubMed Central; use article number for full-text free repository of a journal article, e.g. pmc=345678. Do not include "PMC" in the value. See also the pmid parameter, below; these are two different identifiers.
    • embargo: Date that pmc goes live; if this date is in the future, then pmc is not linked until that date.
  • pmid: PubMed; use unique identifier. See also the pmc parameter, above; these are two different identifiers.
  • rfc: Request for Comments
  • ssrn: Social Science Research Network
  • zbl: Zentralblatt MATH

Quote[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • quote: Relevant text quoted from the source. Displays enclosed in quotes. When supplied, the citation terminator (a period by default) is suppressed, so the quote must include terminating punctuation.

Editors[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • editor-last: Surname of editor. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use editor-last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: editor1-last, editor, editors.
    • editor-first: Given or first names of editor, including title(s); example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Aliases: editor1-first.
    • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-last, editor1-first through editor4-last, editor4-first for up to four editors.
  • editor-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor—not the editor's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: editor1-link.
  • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-link through editor4-link.
Display:
If authors: Authors are first, followed by the editors and the included work, then the main work.
If no authors: Editors appear before the included work; a single editor is followed by "ed."; multiple editors are followed by "eds."; more than three editors will be followed by "et al., eds."

Laysummary[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • laysummary: URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; the URL title is set to "Lay summary".
    • laysource: Name of the source of the laysummary. Displays in italics and preceded by an endash.
    • laydate: Date of the summary. Displays in parentheses.

Display options[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • author-mask: Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text. Set author-mask to a numeric value n to set the dash n em spaces wide; set author-mask to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, "with". You must still include the values for all authors for metadata purposes. Primarily intended for use with bibliography styles where multiple works by a single author are listed sequentially. Do not use in a list generated by {{reflist}}, <references /> or similar as there is no control of the order in which references are displayed.
  • author-name-separator: Controls the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space (, ); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.
  • author-separator: Controls the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space (; ); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.
  • display-authors: Controls the number of author names that are displayed when a citation is published. To control the displayed number of author names, set display-authors to the desired number. For example, |display-authors=2 will display only the first two authors in a citation. By default, the only the first eight cited authors are displayed; subsequent authors beyond eight are represented in the published citation by "et al." If a citation contains nine author names and one wishes all nine author names to display, "et al." may be suppressed by setting |display-authors=9. Aliases: displayauthors.
  • lastauthoramp: Switches the separator between the last two names of the author list to space ampersand space ( & ) when set to any value. Example: |lastauthoramp=yes
  • postscript: Controls the closing punctuation for a citation; defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present, but blank, no terminating punctuation will be used. Ignored if quote is defined.
  • separator: Controls the punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc. Defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.

Subscription or registration required[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Citations of online sources that require registration or a subscription are acceptable in Wikipedia as documented in Verifiability – Access to sources. As a courtesy to readers and other editors, editors can signal the access restrictions of the external links included in a citation.

Four access levels can be used:

  • Freely accessible free: the source is free to read for anyone (this applies in particular to articles in open access)
  • Free registration required registration: a free registration is required to access the source
  • Free access subject to limited trial, subscription normally required limited: there are other constraints (such as a cap on daily views) to freely access this source
  • Paid subscription required subscription: the source is only accessible via a paid subscription

As there are often multiple external links with different access levels in the same citation, these values are attributed to a particular external link.

Access level of |url=[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Links inserted with |url= are expected to be free to read by default. If not, editors can use one of

  • |url-access=subscription
  • |url-access=registration
  • |url-access=limited

to indicate the relevant access restriction.

Access level of identifiers[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Links inserted by identifiers such as |doi= are not expected to offer a free full text by default. If they do, editors can use |doi-access=free (in the case of |doi=) to indicate the relevant access level. The following identifiers are supported:

  • |bibcode= with |bibcode-access=free
  • |doi= with |doi-access=free
  • |hdl= with |hdl-access=free
  • |jstor= with |jstor-access=free
  • |ol= with |ol-access=free
  • |osti= with |osti-access=free

Some identifiers always link to free full texts. In this case, the access level is automatically indicated by the template. This is the case for |arxiv=, |biorxiv=, |citeseerx=, |pmc=, |rfc= and |ssrn=.

Ambiguous access parameters[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

The parameters |registration=yes and |subscription=yes can also be used to indicate the access level of a citation. However, they do not indicate which link they apply to, so editors are encouraged to use |url-access=registration and |url-access=subscription instead, when the restriction applies to |url=. If the restriction applies to an identifier, these parameters should be omitted.

These parameters add a link note to the end of the citation:

  • registration: For online sources that require registration, set |registration=yes (or y, or true); superseded by subscription if both are set.
  • subscription: For online sources that require a subscription, set |subscription=yes (or y, or true); supersedes registration if both are set.

Setting |registration= or |subscription= to any value other than y, yes, or true will generate an error message.

TemplateData[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools; see the monthly error report for this template.

TemplateData for Cite book

This template formats a citation to a book using the provided bibliographic information (such as author and title) as well as various formatting options.

Template parameters

This template prefers inline formatting of parameters.

ಪರಿಮಿತಿವಿವರನಮೂನೆಸ್ಥಾನಮಾನ
URLurl URL

The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found. Requires schemes of the type "http://..." or maybe even the  protocol relative scheme "//..."

Example
https://www.nytimes.com/...
Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Titletitle

The title of the book; displays in italics

Stringrequired
Title linktitle-link titlelink episode-link episodelink

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the source named in title – do not use a web address; do not wikilink.

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last namelast last1 author author1 author1-last author-last surname1 author-last1 subject1 surname author-last subject

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Stringಸೂಚಿಸಲ್ಪಟ್ಟ
First namefirst given author-first first1 given1 author-first1 author1-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Stringಸೂಚಿಸಲ್ಪಟ್ಟ
Vancouver style author listvauthors

If using Vancouver style, comma separated list of author names; enclose corporate or institutional author names in doubled parentheses

Example
Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corporation))
Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name 2last2 author2 surname2 author-last2 author2-last subject2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name 2first2 given2 author-first2 author2-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name 3last3 author3 surname3 author-last3 author3-last subject3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name 3first3 given3 author-first3 author3-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name 4last4 author4 surname4 author-last4 author4-last subject4

The surname of the fourth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name 4first4 given4 author-first4 author4-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth author; don't wikilink.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name 5last5 author5 surname5 author-last5 author5-last subject5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name 5first5 given5 author-first5 author5-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name 6last6 author6 surname6 author-last6 author6-last subject6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name 6first6 given6 author-first6 author6-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name 7last7 author7 surname7 author-last7 author7-last subject7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name 7first7 given7 author-first7 author7-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name 8last8 author8 surname8 author-last8 author8-last subject8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name 8first8 given8 author-first8 author8-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name 9last9 author9 surname9 author-last9 author9-last subject9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name 9first9 given9 author-first9 author9-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Collaborationcollaboration

Name of a group of authors or collaborators; requires author, last, or vauthors which list one or more primary authors; follows author name-list; appends 'et al.' to author name-list.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Datedate air-date airdate

Full date of the source; do not wikilink

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Workwork journal website newspaper magazine encyclopedia encyclopaedia dictionary mailinglist

Name of the work in which the cited book text is found

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Publisherpublisher distributor institution newsgroup

Name of the publisher; displays after title

Stringಸೂಚಿಸಲ್ಪಟ್ಟ
Othersothers

Used to record other contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Year of publicationyear

Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

Stringಸೂಚಿಸಲ್ಪಟ್ಟ
ISBNisbn ISBN13 isbn13 ISBN

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

Stringಸೂಚಿಸಲ್ಪಟ್ಟ
Ignore ISBN Errorignore-isbn-error

True if ISBN Errors should be ignored.If set, page will be added to a maintenance category "CS1 maint: Ignored ISBN errors".

Booleanಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor last nameeditor-last editor editor-surname editor-last1 editor-surname1 editor1 editor1-last editor1-surname

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

Unknownಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor first nameeditor-first editor-given editor-first1 editor-given1 editor1-first editor1-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

Unknownಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Link for editoreditor-link editorlink editor-link1 editor1-link editorlink1 editor1link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor maskeditor-mask editormask editormask1 editor1-mask editor-mask1 editor1mask

Replaces the name of the first editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Vancouver style editor listveditors

Comma separated list of editor names in Vancouver style; enclose corporate or institutional names in doubled parentheses

Example
Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corporation))
Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editors listeditors

Free-form list of editor names; use of this parameter is discouraged

Unknowndeprecated
Editionedition

When the publication has more than one edition; for example: '2nd', 'Revised' etc.; suffixed by ' ed.'

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Series identifierseries version

Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Volumevolume

For one publication published in several volumes

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Location of publicationlocation place

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place

Stringಸೂಚಿಸಲ್ಪಟ್ಟ
Place of publicationpublication-place publicationplace

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Publication datepublication-date publicationdate

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Pagepage p

The number of a single page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'; use either page= or pages=, but not both

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Page(s) citedpages pp

A range of pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source); displays after 'pp.'; use either page= or pages=, but not both

Stringಸೂಚಿಸಲ್ಪಟ್ಟ
No ppnopp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Atat

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Languagelanguage in

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator last nametranslator-last translator translator-last1 translator1 translator1-last

The surname of the translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator first nametranslator-first translator1-first translator-first1

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Script titlescript-title

For titles in languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc). Prefix with two-character ISO639-1 language code followed by a colon. For Japanese use: |script-title=ja:...

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translated titletrans-title trans_title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Chapterchapter contribution entry article section

The chapter heading of the source; may be wikilinked or with 'chapterurl' but not both. For the contribution alias, see contributor-last

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Script Chapterscript-chapter

Chapter heading for languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc); follows transliteration defined in chapter. Should be prefixed with an ISO 639-1 two-character code to help browsers properly display the script

Example
ja:東京タワー
Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translated chaptertrans-chapter trans_chapter

An English language chapter heading, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Typetype medium

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Formatformat

Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
arXiv identifierarxiv ARXIV eprint

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
arXiv Classclass

Cite arXiv identifiers

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
ASINasin ASIN

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
ASIN TLDasin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Bibcodebibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
biorXivbiorxiv

biorXiv identifier; 6 digits

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
CiteSeerXciteseerx

CiteSeerX identifier; found after the 'doi=' query parameter

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
DOIdoi DOI

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
EISSNeissn EISSN

International Standard Serial Number for the electronic media of a serial publication; eight characters may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen, but not an en dash or a space.

Example
2009-0048
Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Handle System identifierhdl HDL

Handle System identifier for digital objects and other resources on the Internet

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
ISMNismn ISMN

International Standard Music Number; Use the ISMN actually printed on or in the work. Hyphens or spaces in the ISMN are optional.

Example
979-0-9016791-7-7
Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
ISSNissn ISSN

International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
jfm codejfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
JSTORjstor JSTOR

JSTOR identifier

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
LCCNlccn LCCN

Library of Congress Control Number

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
MRmr MR

Mathematical Reviews identifier

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
OCLCoclc OCLC

Online Computer Library Center number

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
OLol OL

Open Library identifier; do not include "OL" at beginning of identifier

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
OSTIosti OSTI

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
PMCpmc

PubMed Center article number

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
PMIDpmid PMID

PubMed Unique Identifier

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
RFCrfc

Request for Comments number

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
SSRNssrn

Social Science Research Network

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Zblzbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
idid ID

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Quotequote quotation

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Refref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv and sfn templates

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Name list formatname-list-format

Accepts the single keyword 'vanc' to emulate Vancouver Style author / editor name-lists.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Modemode

Sets separator and terminal punctuation to the style named in the assigned value; allowable values are: 'cs1' or 'cs2'

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Postscriptpostscript

The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined; to suppress use reserved keyword 'none'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
.
Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Registrationregistration

For online sources that require registration, set to 'yes' (or 'y', or 'true'); superseded by subscription if both are set

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Subscriptionsubscription

For online sources that require subscription, set to 'yes' (or 'y', or 'true'); supersedes registration if both are set

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author maskauthor-mask authormask authormask1 author1-mask author-mask1 author1mask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author mask 2author-mask2 authormask2 author2-mask author2mask

Replaces the name of the second author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author mask 3author-mask3 authormask3 author3-mask author3mask

Replaces the name of the third author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author mask 4author-mask4 authormask4 author4-mask author4mask

Replaces the name of the fourth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author mask 5author-mask5 authormask5 author5-mask author5mask

Replaces the name of the fifth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author mask 6author-mask6 authormask6 author6-mask author6mask

Replaces the name of the sixth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author mask 7author-mask7 authormask7 author7-mask author7mask

Replaces the name of the seventh author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author mask 8author-mask8 authormask8 author8-mask author8mask

Replaces the name of the eighth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author mask 9author-mask9 authormask9 author9-mask author9mask

Replaces the name of the ninth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Display authorsdisplay-authors displayauthors

number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used

ಸಂಖ್ಯೆಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author linkauthor-link authorlink subjectlink subject-link authorlink1 author-link1 author1-link subjectlink1 author1link subject-link1 subject1-link subject1link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link 2author-link2 authorlink2 author2-link subjectlink2 author2link subject-link2 subject2-link subject2link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link 3author-link3 authorlink3 author3-link subjectlink3 author3link subject-link3 subject3-link subject3link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link 4author-link4 authorlink4 author4-link subjectlink4 author4link subject-link4 subject4-link subject4link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth author.

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link 5author-link5 authorlink5 author5-link subjectlink5 author5link subject-link5 subject5-link subject5link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link 6author-link6 authorlink6 author6-link subjectlink6 author6link subject-link6 subject6-link subject6link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link 7author-link7 authorlink7 author7-link subjectlink7 author7link subject-link7 subject7-link subject7link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link 8author-link8 authorlink8 author8-link subjectlink8 author8link subject-link8 subject8-link subject8link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link 9author-link9 authorlink9 author9-link subjectlink9 author9link subject-link9 subject9-link subject9link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
URL access dateaccess-date accessdate

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Original yearorig-year origyear

Original year of publication; provide specifics

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name of second editoreditor-last2 editor-surname2 editor2 editor2-last editor2-surname

The surname of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name of second editoreditor-first2 editor-given2 editor2-first editor2-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Link for second editoreditor-link2 editor2-link editorlink2 editor2link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second editor

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Mask for second editoreditor-mask2 editormask2 editor2-mask editor2mask

Replaces the name of the second editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name of third editoreditor-last3 editor-surname3 editor3 editor3-last editor3-surname

The surname of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name of third editoreditor-first3 editor-given3 editor3-first editor3-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Link for third editoreditor-link3 editor3-link editorlink3 editor3link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third editor

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Mask for third editoreditor-mask3 editormask3 editor3-mask editor3mask

Replaces the name of the third editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name of fourth editoreditor-last4 editor-surname4 editor4 editor4-last editor4-surname

The surname of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name of fourth editoreditor-first4 editor-given4 editor4-first editor4-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Link for fourth editoreditor-link4 editor4-link editorlink4 editor4link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth editor

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Mask for fourth editoreditor-mask4 editormask4 editor4-mask editor4mask

Replaces the name of the fourth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name of fifth editoreditor-last5 editor-surname5 editor5 editor5-last editor5-surname

The surname of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link'

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name of fifth editoreditor-first5 editor-given5 editor5-first editor5-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link'

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Link for fifth editoreditor-link5 editor5-link editorlink5 editor5link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth editor

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Mask for fifth editoreditor-mask5 editormask5 editor5-mask editor5mask

Replaces the name of the fifth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name of sixth editoreditor-last6 editor-surname6 editor6 editor6-last editor6-surname

The surname of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link'

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name of sixth editoreditor-first6 editor-given6 editor6-first editor6-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link'

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Link for sixth editoreditor-link6 editor6-link editorlink6 editor6link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth editor

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Mask for sixth editoreditor-mask6 editormask6 editor6-mask editor6mask

Replaces the name of the sixth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name of seventh editoreditor-last7 editor-surname7 editor7 editor7-last editor7-surname

The surname of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link'

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name of seventh editoreditor-first7 editor-given7 editor7-first editor7-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link'

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Link for seventh editoreditor-link7 editor7-link editorlink7 editor7link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh editor

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Mask for seventh editoreditor-mask7 editormask7 editor7-mask editor7mask

Replaces the name of the seventh editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name of eighth editoreditor-last8 editor-surname8 editor8 editor8-last editor8-surname

The surname of the eighth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link'

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name of eighth editoreditor-first8 editor-given8 editor8-first editor8-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link'

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Link for eighth editoreditor-link8 editor8-link editorlink8 editor8link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth editor

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Mask for eighth editoreditor-mask8 editormask8 editor8-mask editor8mask

Replaces the name of the eighth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name of ninth editoreditor-last9 editor-surname9 editor9 editor9-last editor9-surname

The surname of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link'

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name of ninth editoreditor-first9 editor-given9 editor9-first editor9-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link'

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Link for ninth editoreditor-link9 editor9-link editorlink9 editor9link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth editor

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Mask for ninth editoreditor-mask9 editormask9 editor9-mask editor9mask

Replaces the name of the ninth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Display Editorsdisplay-editors displayeditors

Controls the number of editor names that are displayed when a citation is published. To change the displayed number of editors, set display-editors to the desired number. For example, |display-editors=2 will display only the first two editors in a citation. By default, all editors are displayed. |display-editors=etal displays all editors in the list followed by et al.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator last name 2translator-last2 translator2 translator2-last

The surname of the second translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator first name 2translator-first2 translator2-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator last name 3translator-last3 translator3 translator3-last

The surname of the third translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator first name 3translator-first3 translator3-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator last name 4translator-last4 translator4 translator4-last

The surname of the fourth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator first name 4translator-first4 translator4-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator last name 5translator-last5 translator5 translator5-last

The surname of the fifth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator first name 5translator-first5 translator5-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator last name 6translator-last6 translator6 translator6-last

The surname of the sixth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator first name 6translator-first6 translator6-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator last name 7translator-last7 translator7 translator7-last

The surname of the seventh translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator first name 7translator-first7 translator7-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator last name 8translator-last8 translator8 translator8-last

The surname of the eighth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator first name 8translator-first8 translator8-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator last name 9translator-last9 translator9 translator9-last

The surname of the ninth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator first name 9translator-first9 translator9-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator linktranslator-link translator-link1 translator1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the translator; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator link 2translator-link2 translator2-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second translator.

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator link 3translator-link3 translator3-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third translator.

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator link 4translator-link4 translator4-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth translator.

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator link 5translator-link5 translator5-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth translator.

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator link 6translator-link6 translator6-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth translator.

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator link 7translator-link7 translator7-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh translator.

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator link 8translator-link8 translator8-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth translator.

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator link 9translator-link9 translator9-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth translator.

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Chapter URLchapter-url chapterurl contribution-url section-url contributionurl sectionurl

The URL of the online location where the text of the chapter can be found

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Format of Chapter URLchapter-format contribution-format section-format

Format of the work referred to by chapter-url; displayed in parentheses after chapter. HTML is implied and should not be specified.

Example
PDF, DOC, or XLS
Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
DOI broken datedoi-broken-date doi_brokendate

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
URL access levelurl-access

Classification of the access restrictions on the URL ('registration', 'subscription' or 'limited')

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Archive URLarchive-url archiveurl

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Archive Formatarchive-format

Format of the Archive

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Archive datearchive-date archivedate

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Dead URLdead-url deadurl

If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Lay URLlay-url lay-summary laysummary layurl

URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Lay sourcelay-source laysource

Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Lay datelay-date laydate

Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last author ampersandlast-author-amp lastauthoramp

When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Viavia

Aggregate or database provider, when different from the Publisher. Typically used for Ebooks.

Example
Open Edition, JSTOR
Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Bibcode access levelbibcode-access

If the full text is available from ADS via this Bibcode, type 'free'.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
DOI access leveldoi-access

If the full text is free to read via the DOI, type 'free'.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
HDL access levelhdl-access

If the full text is free to read via the HDL, type 'free'.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Jstor access leveljstor-access

If the full text is free to read on Jstor, type 'free'.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
OpenLibrary access levelol-access

If the full text is free to read on OpenLibrary, type 'free'.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
OSTI access levelosti-access

If the full text is free to read on OSTI, type 'free'.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Issueissue number

Issue number. This parameter is not supported by and should generally not be used with cite book. Consider that a different cite template may be more appropriate, such as cite magazine or cite journal. See Help:Citation_Style_1#Pages.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Coauthorcoauthor

Coauthor

Stringdeprecated
Coauthorscoauthors

Coauthors

Stringdeprecated
Authors listauthors people host credits

List of authors as a free form list. Use of this parameter is discouraged, "lastn" to "firstn" are preferable. Warning: do not use if last or any of its aliases are used.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
City of Publicationcity

Where published

Stringdeprecated
Agencyagency

Unusual in cite book. Use if an agency is needed in addition to publisher, etc.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Departmentdepartment

Unusual in cite book.

Unknownಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Date formatdf

Sets rendered dates to the specified format

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ

See also[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

This template produces COinS metadata; see COinS in Wikipedia for background information.