ಟೆಂಪ್ಲೇಟು:Cite book

ವಿಕಿಪೀಡಿಯ ಇಂದ
ಇಲ್ಲಿಗೆ ಹೋಗು: ಸಂಚರಣೆ, ಹುಡುಕು
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Citation Style 1 templates
{{Cite arXiv}} arXiv preprints
{{Cite AV media}} audio and visual
{{Cite AV media notes}} audio and visual liner notes
{{Cite bioRxiv}} bioRxiv preprints
{{Cite book}} books
{{Cite conference}} conference papers
{{Cite encyclopedia}} edited collections
{{Cite episode}} radio or television episodes
{{Cite interview}} interviews
{{Cite journal}} academic journals and papers
{{Cite magazine}} magazines, periodicals
{{Cite mailing list}} public mailing lists
{{Cite map}} maps
{{Cite news}} news articles
{{Cite newsgroup}} online newsgroups
{{Cite podcast}} audio or video podcast
{{Cite press release}} press releases
{{Cite report}} reports
{{Cite serial}} audio or video serials
{{Cite sign}} signs, plaques
{{Cite speech}} speeches
{{Cite techreport}} technical reports
{{Cite thesis}} theses
{{Cite web}} any resource accessible through a URL
See also:

This Citation Style 1 template is used to create citations for books. When citing an article in a periodical, use {{cite journal}}. For edited collections, use {{cite encyclopedia}}.

Usage[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Copy a blank version to use. All parameter names must be in lowercase. Use the "|" (pipe) character between each parameter. Delete unused parameters to avoid clutter in the edit window. Some samples may include the current date. If the date is not current, then purge the page.


Most commonly used parameters in horizontal format

To cite a book with a credited author {{cite book |last= |first= |date= |title= |url= |location= |publisher= |page= |isbn= |author-link= }}

To cite a book with no credited author {{cite book |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |title= |url= |location= |publisher= |page= |date= |isbn=}}

To cite an online book that has been archived {{cite book |last= |first= |date= |title= |url= |dead-url= |location= |publisher= |isbn= |archive-url= |archive-date=}}

To cite a book written in a foreign language {{cite book |last= |first= |date= |title= |trans-title= |url= |language= |location= |publisher= |isbn=}}

To cite and quote an archived, two-author, foreign language book re-published as a PDF on an information aggregation service requiring a subscription {{cite book |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |title= |trans-title= |url= |dead-url= |format= |language= |location= |publisher= |isbn= |archive-url= |archive-date= |via= |subscription= |quote= }}


Full parameter set in horizontal format

{{cite book |last1= |first1= |author-link1= |last2= |first2= |author-link2= |last3= |first3= |author-link3= |last4= |first4= |author-link4= |last5= |first5= |author-link5= |display-authors= |author-mask= |last-author-amp= |date= |year= |orig-year= |chapter= |script-chapter= |trans-chapter= |chapter-url= |chapter-format= |editor1-last= |editor1-first= |editor1-link= |editor2-last= |editor2-first= |editor2-link= |editor3-last= |editor3-first= |editor3-link= |editor4-last= |editor4-first= |editor4-link= |editor5-last= |editor5-first= |editor5-link= |display-editors= |title= |script-title= |trans-title= |url= |dead-url= |format= |type= |series= |language= |volume= |issue= |others= |edition= |location= |publisher= |publication-date= |page= |pages= |at= |nopp= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |doi= |doi-broken-date= |isbn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |osti= |pmc= |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |archive-url= |archive-date= |access-date= |via= |registration= |subscription= |lay-summary= |lay-source= |lay-date= |quote= |name-list-format= |mode= |postscript= |ref= }}

Full parameter set in vertical format
Parameters Prerequisites Brief instructions / notes Vertical list
last1 may also use "last"; for additional authors, "last2", "last3", etc.
{{cite book
|last1=
|first1=
|author-link1=
|author-mask1=
|last2=
|first2=
|display-authors=
|last-author-amp=
|date=
|year=
|orig-year=
|chapter=
|script-chapter=
|trans-chapter=
|chapter-url=
|chapter-format=
|editor1-last=
|editor1-first=
|editor1-link=
|editor1-mask=
|display-editors=
|title=
|script-title=
|trans-title=
|url=
|dead-url=
|format=
|type=
|series=
|language=
|volume=
|issue=
|others=
|edition=
|location=
|publisher=
|publication-date=
|page=
|pages=
|at=
|nopp=
|arxiv=
|asin=
|bibcode=
|doi=
|doi-broken-date=
|isbn=
|issn=
|jfm=
|jstor=
|lccn=
|mr=
|oclc=
|ol=
|osti=
|pmc=
|pmid=
|rfc=
|ssrn=
|zbl=
|id=
|archive-url=
|archive-date=
|access-date=
|via=
|registration=
|subscription=
|lay-summary=
|lay-source=
|lay-date=
|quote=
|name-list-format=
|mode=
|postscript=
|ref=
}}
first1 last or last1 may also use "first"; for additional authors, "first2", "first3", etc.
author-link1 last or last1 may also use "author-link"
author-mask1 last or last1 may also use "author-mask"
last2 last1
first2 last2
display-authors last or last1
last-author-amp last or last1
date
year
orig-year year or date
chapter do not wikilink "chapter" if "chapterurl" is provided
script-chapter
trans-chapter chapter or script-chapter
chapter-url chapter or script-chapter
chapter-format chapter-url
editor1-last may also use "editor-last"
editor1-first editor1-last may also use 'editor-first"
editor1-link editor1-last may also use "editor-link"
editor1-mask editor1-last
display-editors
title
script-title
trans-title title or script-title
url title or script-title
dead-url
format url
type
series
language
volume
issue
others
edition
location publisher
publisher
publication-date
page choose one: "page", "pages", or "at"
pages choose one: "page", "pages", or "at". Use when content on multiple pages supports the article text.
at choose one: "page", "pages", or "at"
nopp page or pages set nopp to "yes" to suppress the "p." or "pp." before page numbers
arxiv
asin
bibcode
doi
doi-broken-date doi
isbn always include ISBN, if one has been assigned
issn
jfm
jstor
lccn
mr
oclc
ol
osti
pmc
pmid
rfc
ssrn
zbl
id
archive-url archive-date, url
archive-date archive-url
access-date url
via
registration
subscription
lay-summary
lay-source lay-summary
lay-date lay-summary
quote
name-list-format vanc to emulate Vancouver style
mode cs1 or cs2
postscript
ref
If a field name is listed in the Prerequisites column it is a prerequisite for the field to the left.

Examples[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Title

  • {{cite book |title=Mysterious Book}}
Mysterious Book. 

Title and year

  • {{cite book |title=Mysterious Book |date=1901}}
Mysterious Book. 1901. 

Basic usage (single author)

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Joe |authorlink=Joe Bloggs |date=1974 |title=Book of Bloggs}}
Bloggs, Joe (1974). Book of Bloggs. 

Basic usage (two authors)

  • {{cite book |last1=Bloggs |first1=Joe |authorlink1=Joe Bloggs |last2=Bloggs |first2=Fred |authorlink2=Fred Bloggs |date=1974 |title=Book of Bloggs}}
Bloggs, Joe; Bloggs, Fred (1974). Book of Bloggs. 

Basic usage with url (and access-date) and edition

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Joe |authorlink=Joe Bloggs |date=1974 |title=Book of Bloggs |edition=1st |url=http://en.wikipedia.org/ |access-date=February 17, 2006}}
Bloggs, Joe (1974). Book of Bloggs (1st ed.). Retrieved February 17, 2006.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

Citing a chapter in a book with different authors for different chapters and an editor

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Fred |editor-last=Doe |editor-first=John |title=Big Compilation Book with Many Chapters and Distinct Chapter Authors |publisher=Book Publishers |date=January 1, 2001 |pages=100–110 |chapter=Chapter 2: The History of the Bloggs Family |isbn=978-1-234-56789-7}}
Bloggs, Fred (January 1, 2001). "Chapter 2: The History of the Bloggs Family". In Doe, John. Big Compilation Book with Many Chapters and Distinct Chapter Authors. Book Publishers. pp. 100–110. ISBN 978-1-234-56789-7. 

Citing a chapter in a book with two joint authors and an editor

  • {{cite book |last1=Bloggs |first1=Joe |last2=Egg |first2=Fred |editor-last=Doe |editor-first=John |title=Big Book with Many Chapters and Two Co-authors |publisher=Book Publishers |date=January 1, 2001 |orig-year=1st pub. 1986 |pages=100–110 |chapter=Chapter 6: Getting There |chapterurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/ |isbn=978-1-234-56789-7 |lastauthoramp=y}}
Bloggs, Joe & Egg, Fred (January 1, 2001) [1st pub. 1986]. "Chapter 6: Getting There". In Doe, John. Big Book with Many Chapters and Two Co-authors. Book Publishers. pp. 100–110. ISBN 978-1-234-56789-7. 

Three authors, title with a piped wikilink, edition

  • {{cite book |last1=Bloggs |first1=Joe |authorlink1=Joe Bloggs |last2=Smith |first2=John |last3=Smythe |first3=Jim |title=[[A Thousand Acres|1000 Acres]] |edition=2nd}}
Bloggs, Joe; Smith, John; Smythe, Jim. 1000 Acres (2nd ed.). 

Complex usage showing effect of using volume parameter and lastauthoramp parameter (without volume and lastauthoramp)

  • {{cite book |last1=Playfair |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Stitt |first2=Commander G.M.S. |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M. |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |date=2007 |orig-year=1st pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3}}
Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; Stitt, Commander G.M.S.; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C.; Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2007) [1st pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M., ed. Mediterranean and Middle East. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3. 

Complex usage showing effect of using volume parameter and lastauthoramp parameter (with volume and lastauthoramp)

  • {{cite book |last1=Playfair |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Stitt |first2=Commander G.M.S. |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M. |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East |volume=Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |date=2007 |orig-year=1st pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3 |lastauthoramp=y}}
Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; Stitt, Commander G.M.S.; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2007) [1st pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M., ed. Mediterranean and Middle East. History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3. 

Date without day, wikilinked title and publisher, pages, edition, location

  • {{cite book |last1=Cordell |first1=Bruce R. |last2=Grubb |first2=Jeff |last3=Noonan |first3=David |date=September 2001 |title=[[Manual of the Planes]] |edition=3rd |publisher=[[Wizards of the Coast]] |location=Renton, Washington |isbn=0-7869-1850-0 |pages=134–137}}
Cordell, Bruce R.; Grubb, Jeff; Noonan, David (September 2001). Manual of the Planes (3rd ed.). Renton, Washington: Wizards of the Coast. pp. 134–137. ISBN 0-7869-1850-0. 

Other language

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Jean |date=1974 |title=Livre de Bloggs |edition=1st |language=French |trans-title=Book of Bloggs |url=http://en.wikipedia.org/ |access-date=February 17, 2006}}
Bloggs, Jean (1974). Livre de Bloggs [Book of Bloggs] (in French) (1st ed.). Retrieved February 17, 2006.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

Using a DOI

  • {{cite book |last=Mumford |first=David |authorlink=David Mumford |date=1999 |title=The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes: Includes the Michigan Lectures (1974) on Curves and Their Jacobians |edition=2nd |publisher=[[Springer-Verlag]] |doi=10.1007/b62130 |isbn=354063293X}}
Mumford, David (1999). The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes: Includes the Michigan Lectures (1974) on Curves and Their Jacobians (2nd ed.). Springer-Verlag. ISBN 354063293X. doi:10.1007/b62130. 

Using author-mask parameter

  • {{cite book |last1=Playfair |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Stitt |first2=Commander G.M.S. |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M. |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |date=2004 |orig-year=1st pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3 |lastauthoramp=y}}
Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; Stitt, Commander G.M.S.; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2004) [1st pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M., ed. Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3. 
  • {{cite book |last1=Playfair |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Flynn |first2=Captain F.C. (R.N.) |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M. |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume II: The Germans Come to the Help of Their Ally (1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |date=2004 |orig-year=1st pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-66-1 |lastauthoramp=y |author-mask=2}}
——; Flynn, Captain F.C. (R.N.); Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2004) [1st pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M., ed. The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume II: The Germans Come to the Help of Their Ally (1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-66-1. 
  • {{cite book |last1=Playfair |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Flynn |first2=Captain F.C. (R.N.) |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Gleave |first4=Group Captain T.P. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=Sir James |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume III: British Fortunes Reach Their Lowest Ebb (September 1941 to September 1942) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |date=2004 |orig-year=1st pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-67-X |lastauthoramp=y |author-mask=2}}
——; Flynn, Captain F.C. (R.N.); Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Gleave, Group Captain T.P. (2004) [1st pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, Sir James, ed. The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume III: British Fortunes Reach Their Lowest Ebb (September 1941 to September 1942). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-67-X. 

Using display-authors parameter

  • {{cite book |last1=Playfair |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Stitt |first2=Commander G.M.S. |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M. |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |date=2004 |orig-year=1st pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3 |display-authors=1}}
Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; et al. (2004) [1st pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M., ed. Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3. 

Parameters[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Syntax[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Nested parameters rely on their parent parameters:

  • parent
  • OR: parent2—may be used instead of parent
    • child—may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2—may be used instead of child (and is ignored if parent2 is not used)
Where aliases are listed, only one of the parameters may be defined; if multiple aliased parameters are defined, then only one will show.

COinS[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

This template embeds COinS metadata in the HTML output, allowing reference management software to retrieve bibliographic metadata. See Wikipedia:COinS. As a general rule, only one data item per parameter. Do not include explanatory or alternate text:

  • Use |date=27 September 2007 not |date=27 September 2007 (print version 25 September)

Use of templates within the citation template is discouraged because many of these templates will add extraneous HTML or CSS that will be included raw in the metadata. Also, HTML entities, for example &nbsp;, &ndash;, etc, should not be used in parameters that contribute to the metadata. Do not include Wiki markup '' (italic font) or ''' (bold font) because these markup characters will contaminate the metadata.

COinS metadata is created for these parameters
  • |periodical=, |journal=, |newspaper=, |magazine=, |work=, |website=, |encyclopedia=, |encyclopaedia=, |dictionary=
  • |chapter=, |contribution=, |entry=, |article=, |section=
  • |title=
  • |publication-place=, |publicationplace=, |place=, |location=
  • |date=, |year=, |publication-date=, |publicationdate=
  • |series=, |version=
  • |volume=
  • |issue=, |number=
  • |page=, |pages=, |at=
  • |edition=
  • |publisher=, |distributor=, |institution=
  • |url=
  • |chapter-url=, |chapterurl=, |contribution-url=, |contributionurl=, |section-url=, |sectionurl=
  • |author#=, |author-last#=, |author#-last=, |last#=, |surname#=
  • |author-first#=, |author#-first=, |first#=, |given#=
  • any of the named identifiers (|isbn=, |issn=, |doi=, |pmc=, etc)

Deprecated[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

None of the cs1|2 parameters are deprecated.

Description[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Authors[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • last: Surname of author. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: last1, author, authors, author1.
    • first: Given or first names of author, including title(s); for example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Aliases: first1. Requires last; first name will not display if last is empty.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use last1, first1 through last9, first9 for up to nine authors. By default, if nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and "et al." will show in place of the last author. See the display parameters to change. Aliases: author1 through author9.
  • authorlink: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author—not the author's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: authorlink1, author-link, author1-link, author1link.
  • OR: for multiple authors, use authorlink1 through authorlink9. Aliases: author1-link through author9-link.
  • others: To record other contributors to the work, such as Illustrated by John Smith or Translated by John Smith.
When using shortened footnotes or parenthetical referencing styles with templates, do not use multiple names in one field or else the anchor will not match the inline link.

Title[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • title: Title of source. Can be wikilinked to an existing Wikipedia article or url may be used to add an external link, but not both. Displays in italics. If script-title is defined, title holds romanized transliteration of title in script-title.
    • script-title: Original title for languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc); not italicized, follows italicized transliteration defined in title. May be prefixed with an ISO 639-1 two-character code to help browsers properly display the script:
      ... |title=Tōkyō tawā |script-title=ja:東京タワー |trans-title=Tokyo Tower ...
    • trans-title: English translation of the title if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after title; if url is defined, then trans-title is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
Titles containing certain characters will display and link incorrectly unless those characters are encoded.
newline [ ] |
space &#91; &#93; {{!}} (preferred)
{{bracket|text}} &#124; or {{pipe}}see also Help:Table § Rendering the pipe
  • title-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the source named in title – do not use a web address; do not wikilink. Alias: titlelink.
  • type: Provides additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case. Displays in parentheses following the title. Examples: Thesis, Booklet, CD liner, Press release. Alias: medium.
  • chapter: The chapter heading of the source. May be wikilinked or may use chapter-url, but not both. Displays in quotes.
    • script-chapter: Chapter heading for languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc); follows transliteration defined in chapter. Should be prefixed with an ISO 639-1 two-character code to help browsers properly display the script:
      ... |chapter=Tōkyō tawā |script-chapter=ja:東京タワー |trans-chapter=Tokyo Tower ...
    • trans-chapter: English translation of the chapter heading, if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after the chapter field; if chapter-url is defined, then trans-chapter is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
  • language: The language in which the source is written. Displays in parentheses with "in" before the language name or names. Use the full language name or ISO 639-1 code. When the source uses more than one language, list them individually, separated by commas, e.g. |language=French, German. The use of language names or language codes recognized by Wikimedia adds the page to the appropriate subcategory of Category:CS1 foreign language sources; do not use templates or wikilinks. Note: When the language is "English" (or "en"), no language is displayed in the citation. Note: When two or more languages are listed there is no need to include "and" before the last language. "and" is inserted automatically by the template.

Date[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • date: Date of source being referenced. Can be full date (day, month, and year) or partial date (month and year, year). Use same format as other publication dates in the citations.[೧] Required when year is used to disambiguate {{sfn}} links to multiple-work citations by the same author in the same year.[more] Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and is enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher.
  • OR:
    • year: Year of source being referenced. Required with some types of {{sfn}} citations;[more] otherwise use date.
    • month: Name of the month or season of publication. If you also have the day, use date instead. Do not wikilink.
    • origyear: Original publication year; displays after the date or year. For clarity, please supply specifics. For example: |origyear=First published 1859 or |origyear=Composed 1904.
  1. Publication dates in references within an article should all have the same format. See: MOS:DATEUNIFY.

Publisher[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • publisher: Name of publisher; may be wikilinked if relevant. The publisher is the company that publishes the work being cited. Do not use the publisher parameter for the name of a work (e.g., a book, encyclopedia, newspaper, magazine, journal, website). Not normally used for periodicals. Corporate designations such as "Ltd", "Inc" or "GmbH" are not usually included. Omit where the publisher's name is substantially the same as the name of the work (for example, The New York Times Co. publishes The New York Times newspaper, so there is no reason to name the publisher). Displays after title; if work is defined, then publisher is enclosed in parentheses.
  • place: Geographical place of publication; generally not wikilinked; omit when the name of the work includes the location; examples: The Boston Globe, The Times of India. Displays after the title; if work is defined, then location is enclosed in parentheses. Alias: location
  • publication-place: If any one of publication-place, place or location are defined, then the location shows after the title; if publication-place and place or location are defined, then place or location are shown before the title prefixed with "written at" and publication-place is shown after the title.
  • publication-date: Date of publication when different from the date the work was written. Displays only if year or date are defined and only if different, else publication-date is used and displayed as date. Use the same format as other dates in the article; do not wikilink. Follows publisher; if work is not defined, then publication-date is preceded by "published" and enclosed in parenthesis.

Edition, series, volume[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • edition: When the publication has more than one edition; for example: "2nd", "Revised", and so forth. Appends the string " ed." after the field, so |edition=2nd produces "2nd ed." Does not display if a periodical field is defined.
  • series or version: When the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal where the issue numbering has restarted.
  • volume: For one publication published in several volumes. Displays after the title and series fields; displays in bold— if bolding is not desired, then include the volume information in the title field.

In-source locations[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • page: The number of a single page in the source that supports the content. Use either |page= or |pages=, but not both. Displays preceded by p. unless |nopp=y.
  • OR: pages: A range of pages in the source that supports the content. Use either |page= or |pages=, but not both. Separate using an en dash (–); separate non-sequential pages with a comma (,); do not use to indicate the total number of pages in the source. Displays preceded by pp. unless |nopp=y.
    • nopp: Set to y to suppress the p. or pp. notations where this is inappropriate; for example, where |page=Front cover.
  • OR: at: For sources where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient. Overridden by |page= or |pages=. Use only one of |page=, |pages=, or |at=.
Examples: page (p.) or pages (pp.); section (sec.), column (col.), paragraph (para.); track; hours, minutes and seconds; act, scene, canto, book, part, folio, stanza, back cover, liner notes, indicia, colophon, dust jacket, verse.

URL[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • url: URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found. Cannot be used if title is wikilinked. If applicable, the link may point to the specific page(s) referenced. Remove spurious tracking parameters from URLs, e.g. #ixzz2rBr3aO94 or ?utm_source=google&utm_medium=...&utm_term=...&utm_campaign=.... Do not link to any commercial booksellers, such as Amazon.com. See: WP:PAGELINKS.
    • accessdate: Full date when original URL was accessed; use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations; requires url.[೧] Do not wikilink. Not required for web pages or linked documents that do not change; mainly for use of web pages that change frequently or have no publication date. Can be hidden or styled by registered editors.
    • archiveurl: The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the url becomes unavailable. Typically used to refer to services like WebCite (see: Wikipedia:Using WebCite) and Internet Archive (see: Wikipedia:Using the Wayback Machine); requires archivedate and url.
      • archivedate: Date when the original URL was archived; preceded by default text "archived from the original on". Use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations. This does not necessarily have to be the same format that was used for citing publication dates.[೧] Do not wikilink.
      • deadurl: When the URL is still live, but pre-emptively archived, then set |deadurl=no. This changes the display order with the title retaining the original link and the archive linked at the end.
    • template doc demo: The archive parameters will be error checked to ensure that all the required parameters are included, or else {{citation error}} is invoked. With errors, main, help and template pages are placed into Category:Articles with incorrect citation syntax. Set |template doc demo=true to disable categorization; mainly used for documentation where the error is demonstrated.
  • format: Format of the work referred to by url; for example: PDF, DOC, or XLS; displayed in parentheses after title. HTML is implied and should not be specified. Does not change the external link icon. Note: External link icons do not include alt text; thus, they do not add format information for the visually impaired.
URLs must begin with a supported URI scheme. http:// and https:// will be supported by all browsers; however, ftp://, gopher://, irc://, ircs://, mailto: and news: may require a plug-in or an external application and should normally be avoided. IPv6 host-names are currently not supported.
If URLs in citation template parameters contain certain characters, then they will not display and link correctly. Those characters need to be percent-encoded. For example, a space must be replaced by %20. To encode the URL, replace the following characters with:
sp " ' < > [ ] { | }
 %20  %22  %27  %3c  %3e  %5b  %5d  %7b  %7c  %7d
Single apostrophes do not need to be encoded; however, unencoded multiples will be parsed as italic or bold markup. Single curly closing braces also do not need to be encoded; however, an unencoded pair will be parsed as the double closing braces for the template transclusion.
  1. ೧.೦ ೧.೧ Accessdate and archivedate in references should all have the same format – either the format used for publication dates, or YYYY-MM-DD. See: MOS:DATEUNIFY.

Chapter URL[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • chapter-url: URL of an individual chapter of online source. Should be at the same site as url, if any. If chapter-url is used, url should only be used if the beginning of the work and the cited chapter are on separate webpages at the site. chapter may be wikilinked or chapter-url used, but not both. Aliases: chapterurl, contribution-url, section-url.
  • chapter-format: Format of the work referred to by chapter-url; for example: PDF, DOC, or XLS; displayed in parentheses after chapter. HTML is implied and should not be specified. Does not change the external link icon. Note: External link icons do not include alt text; thus, they do not add format information for the visually impaired.

Anchor[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Identifiers[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • id: A unique identifier, used where none of the specialized identifiers are applicable; wikilink or use a template as applicable.

These identifiers create links and are designed to accept a single value. Using multiple values or other text will break the link and/or invalidate the identifier. In general, the parameters should include only the variable part of the identifier, e.g. rfc=822 or pmc=345678.

  • arxiv: arXiv identifier; for example: arxiv=hep-th/9205027 (before April 2007) or arxiv=0706.0001 or arxiv=1501.00001 (since April 2007). Do not include extraneous file extensions like ".pdf" or ".html".
  • asin: Amazon Standard Identification Number; if first character of asin value is a digit, use isbn. Because this link favours one specific distributor, only include it if standard identifiers aren't available.
    • asin-tld: ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US; valid values: au, br, ca, cn, co.jp, co.uk, de, es, fr, it, mx
  • bibcode: Bibcode; used by a number of astronomical data systems; for example: 1974AJ.....79..819H
  • biorxiv: bioRxiv id, a 6-digit number at the end of the biorXiv URL (e.g. 078733 for http://biorxiv.org/content/early/2016/10/01/078733 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1101/078733)
  • citeseerx: CiteSeerX id, a string of digits and dots found in a CiteSeerX URL (e.g. 10.1.1.176.341 for http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.176.341 )
  • doi: Digital object identifier; for example: 10.1038/news070508-7. It is checked to ensure it begins with (10.).
    • doi-broken-date: Date the DOI was found to be non-working at http://dx.doi.org. Use the same format as other dates in the article. Alias: doi_brokendate, doi-inactive-date
  • eissn: International Standard Serial Number for the electronic media of a serial publication; eight characters may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen, but not an en dash or a space. Alias: EISSN
  • hdl: Handle System identifier for digital objects and other resources on the Internet. Alias: HDL
  • isbn: International Standard Book Number; for example: 978-0-8126-9593-9. (See Wikipedia:ISBN and ISBN § Overview.) Dashes in the ISBN are optional, but preferred. Use the ISBN actually printed on or in the book. Use the 13-digit ISBN – beginning with 978 or 979 – when it is available. If only a 10-digit ISBN is printed on or in the book, use it. ISBNs can be found on the page with the publisher's information – usually the back of the title page – or beneath the barcode as a number beginning with 978 or 979 (barcodes beginning with any other numbers are not ISBNs). For sources with the older 9-digit SBN system, prefix the number with a zero; thus, SBN 902888-45-5 should be entered as |isbn=0-902888-45-5. Do not convert a 10-digit ISBN to 13-digit by just adding the 978 prefix; the last digit is a calculated check digit and just making changes to the numbers will make the ISBN invalid. This parameter should hold only the ISBN without any additional characters. It is checked for length, invalid characters – anything other than numbers, spaces, and hyphens, with "X" permitted as the last character in a 10-digit ISBN – and the proper check digit. Alias: ISBN
  • ismn: International Standard Music Number; for example: 979-0-9016791-7-7. Hyphens or spaces in the ISMN are optional. Use the ISMN actually printed on or in the work. This parameter should hold only the ISMN without any additional characters. It is checked for length, invalid characters – anything other than numbers, spaces, and hyphens – and the proper check digit. Alias: ISMN
  • issn: International Standard Serial Number; eight characters may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen, but not an en dash or a space. Alias: ISSN
  • jfm: Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik
  • jstor: JSTOR reference number; for example: jstor=3793107 will generate JSTOR 3793107.
  • lccn: Library of Congress Control Number. When present, alphabetic prefix characters are to be lower case.
  • mr: Mathematical Reviews
  • oclc: OCLC; WorldCat's Online Computer Library Center
  • ol: Open Library identifier; do not include "OL" in the value.
  • osti: Office of Scientific and Technical Information
  • pmc: PubMed Central; use article number for full-text free repository of a journal article, e.g. pmc=345678. Do not include "PMC" in the value. See also the pmid parameter, below; these are two different identifiers.
    • embargo: Date that pmc goes live; if this date is in the future, then pmc is not linked until that date.
  • pmid: PubMed; use unique identifier. See also the pmc parameter, above; these are two different identifiers.
  • rfc: Request for Comments
  • ssrn: Social Science Research Network
  • zbl: Zentralblatt MATH

Quote[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • quote: Relevant text quoted from the source. Displays enclosed in quotes. When supplied, the citation terminator (a period by default) is suppressed, so the quote must include terminating punctuation.

Editors[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • editor-last: Surname of editor. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use editor-last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: editor1-last, editor, editors.
    • editor-first: Given or first names of editor, including title(s); example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Aliases: editor1-first.
    • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-last, editor1-first through editor4-last, editor4-first for up to four editors.
  • editor-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor—not the editor's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: editor1-link.
  • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-link through editor4-link.
Display:
If authors: Authors are first, followed by the editors and the included work, then the main work.
If no authors: Editors appear before the included work; a single editor is followed by "ed."; multiple editors are followed by "eds."; more than three editors will be followed by "et al., eds."

Laysummary[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • laysummary: URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; the URL title is set to "Lay summary".
    • laysource: Name of the source of the laysummary. Displays in italics and preceded by an endash.
    • laydate: Date of the summary. Displays in parentheses.

Display options[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • author-mask: Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text. Set author-mask to a numeric value n to set the dash n em spaces wide; set author-mask to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, "with". You must still include the values for all authors for metadata purposes. Primarily intended for use with bibliography styles where multiple works by a single author are listed sequentially. Do not use in a list generated by {{reflist}}, <references /> or similar as there is no control of the order in which references are displayed.
  • author-name-separator: Controls the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space (, ); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.
  • author-separator: Controls the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space (; ); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.
  • display-authors: Controls the number of author names that are displayed when a citation is published. To control the displayed number of author names, set display-authors to the desired number. For example, |display-authors=2 will display only the first two authors in a citation. By default, the only the first eight cited authors are displayed; subsequent authors beyond eight are represented in the published citation by "et al." If a citation contains nine author names and one wishes all nine author names to display, "et al." may be suppressed by setting |display-authors=9. Aliases: displayauthors.
  • lastauthoramp: Switches the separator between the last two names of the author list to space ampersand space ( & ) when set to any value. Example: |lastauthoramp=yes
  • postscript: Controls the closing punctuation for a citation; defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present, but blank, no terminating punctuation will be used. Ignored if quote is defined.
  • separator: Controls the punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc. Defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.

Subscription or registration required[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Citations of online sources that require registration or a subscription are acceptable in Wikipedia as documented in Verifiability – Access to sources. As a courtesy to readers and other editors, editors can signal the access restrictions of the external links included in a citation.

Four access levels can be used:

  • Freely accessible free: the source is free to read for anyone (this applies in particular to articles in open access)
  • Free registration required registration: a free registration is required to access the source
  • Free access subject to limited trial, subscription normally required limited: there are other constraints (such as a cap on daily views) to freely access this source
  • Paid subscription required subscription: the source is only accessible via a paid subscription

As there are often multiple external links with different access levels in the same citation, these values are attributed to a particular external link.

Access level of |url=[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Links inserted with |url= are expected to be free to read by default. If not, editors can use one of

  • |url-access=subscription
  • |url-access=registration
  • |url-access=limited

to indicate the relevant access restriction.

Access level of identifiers[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Links inserted by identifiers such as |doi= are not expected to offer a free full text by default. If they do, editors can use |doi-access=free (in the case of |doi=) to indicate the relevant access level. The following identifiers are supported:

  • |bibcode= with |bibcode-access=free
  • |doi= with |doi-access=free
  • |hdl= with |hdl-access=free
  • |jstor= with |jstor-access=free
  • |ol= with |ol-access=free
  • |osti= with |osti-access=free

Some identifiers always link to free full texts. In this case, the access level is automatically indicated by the template. This is the case for |arxiv=, |biorxiv=, |citeseerx=, |pmc=, |rfc= and |ssrn=.

Ambiguous access parameters[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

The parameters |registration=yes and |subscription=yes can also be used to indicate the access level of a citation. However, they do not indicate which link they apply to, so editors are encouraged to use |url-access=registration and |url-access=subscription instead, when the restriction applies to |url=. If the restriction applies to an identifier, these parameters should be omitted.

These parameters add a link note to the end of the citation:

  • registration: For online sources that require registration, set |registration=yes (or y, or true); superseded by subscription if both are set.
  • subscription: For online sources that require a subscription, set |subscription=yes (or y, or true); supersedes registration if both are set.

Setting |registration= or |subscription= to any value other than y, yes, or true will generate an error message.

TemplateData[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools.

See the monthly error report for this template.

TemplateData for Cite book

This template formats a citation to a book using the provided bibliographic information (such as author and title) as well as various formatting options.

Template parameters

This template has custom formatting.

ಪರಿಮಿತಿ ವಿವರ ನಮೂನೆ ಸ್ಥಾನಮಾನ
URL urlURL

The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found. Requires schemes of the type "http://..." or maybe even the  protocol relative scheme "//..."

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
https://www.nytimes.com/...
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Title title

The title of the book; displays in italics

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String required
Title link title-linktitlelinkepisode-linkepisodelink

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the source named in title – do not use a web address; do not wikilink.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name lastlast1authorauthor1author1-lastauthor-lastsurname1author-last1subject1surnameauthor-lastsubject

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಸೂಚಿಸಲ್ಪಟ್ಟ
First name firstgivenauthor-firstfirst1given1author-first1author1-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಸೂಚಿಸಲ್ಪಟ್ಟ
Vancouver style author list vauthors

If using Vancouver style, comma separated list of author names; enclose corporate or institutional author names in doubled parentheses

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corporation))
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name 2 last2author2surname2author-last2author2-lastsubject2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name 2 first2given2author-first2author2-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name 3 last3author3surname3author-last3author3-lastsubject3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name 3 first3given3author-first3author3-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name 4 last4author4surname4author-last4author4-lastsubject4

The surname of the fourth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name 4 first4given4author-first4author4-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth author; don't wikilink.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name 5 last5author5surname5author-last5author5-lastsubject5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name 5 first5given5author-first5author5-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name 6 last6author6surname6author-last6author6-lastsubject6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name 6 first6given6author-first6author6-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name 7 last7author7surname7author-last7author7-lastsubject7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name 7 first7given7author-first7author7-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name 8 last8author8surname8author-last8author8-lastsubject8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name 8 first8given8author-first8author8-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name 9 last9author9surname9author-last9author9-lastsubject9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name 9 first9given9author-first9author9-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Collaboration collaboration

Name of a group of authors or collaborators; requires author, last, or vauthors which list one or more primary authors; follows author name-list; appends 'et al.' to author name-list.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Date dateair-dateairdate

Full date of the source; do not wikilink

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Work workjournalwebsitenewspapermagazineencyclopediaencyclopaediadictionarymailinglist

Name of the work in which the cited book text is found

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Publisher publisherdistributorinstitutionnewsgroup

Name of the publisher; displays after title

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಸೂಚಿಸಲ್ಪಟ್ಟ
Others others

Used to record other contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Year of publication year

Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಸೂಚಿಸಲ್ಪಟ್ಟ
ISBN isbnISBN13isbn13ISBN

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಸೂಚಿಸಲ್ಪಟ್ಟ
Ignore ISBN Error ignore-isbn-error

True if ISBN Errors should be ignored.If set, page will be added to a maintenance category "CS1 maint: Ignored ISBN errors".

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Boolean ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor last name editor-lasteditoreditor-surnameeditor-last1editor-surname1editor1editor1-lasteditor1-surname

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor first name editor-firsteditor-giveneditor-first1editor-given1editor1-firsteditor1-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Link for editor editor-linkeditorlinkeditor-link1editor1-linkeditorlink1editor1link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor mask editor-maskeditormaskeditormask1editor1-maskeditor-mask1editor1mask

Replaces the name of the first editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Vancouver style editor list veditors

Comma separated list of editor names in Vancouver style; enclose corporate or institutional names in doubled parentheses

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corporation))
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editors list editors

Free-form list of editor names; use of this parameter is discouraged

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown deprecated
Edition edition

When the publication has more than one edition; for example: '2nd', 'Revised' etc.; suffixed by ' ed.'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Series identifier seriesversion

Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Volume volume

For one publication published in several volumes

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Location of publication locationplace

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಸೂಚಿಸಲ್ಪಟ್ಟ
Place of publication publication-placepublicationplace

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Publication date publication-datepublicationdate

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Page pagep

The number of a single page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'; use either page= or pages=, but not both

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Page(s) cited pagespp

A range of pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source); displays after 'pp.'; use either page= or pages=, but not both

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಸೂಚಿಸಲ್ಪಟ್ಟ
No pp nopp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
At at

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Language languagein

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator last name translator-lasttranslatortranslator-last1translator1translator1-last

The surname of the translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator first name translator-firsttranslator1-firsttranslator-first1

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Script title script-title

For titles in languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc). Prefix with two-character ISO639-1 language code followed by a colon. For Japanese use: |script-title=ja:...

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translated title trans-titletrans_title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Chapter chaptercontributionentryarticlesection

The chapter heading of the source; may be wikilinked or with 'chapterurl' but not both. For the contribution alias, see contributor-last

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Script Chapter script-chapter

Chapter heading for languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc); follows transliteration defined in chapter. Should be prefixed with an ISO 639-1 two-character code to help browsers properly display the script

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
ja:東京タワー
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translated chapter trans-chaptertrans_chapter

An English language chapter heading, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Type typemedium

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Format format

Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
arXiv identifier arxivARXIVeprint

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
arXiv Class class

Cite arXiv identifiers

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
ASIN asinASIN

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
ASIN TLD asin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Bibcode bibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
biorXiv biorxiv

biorXiv identifier; 6 digits

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
CiteSeerX citeseerx

CiteSeerX identifier; found after the 'doi=' query parameter

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
DOI doiDOI

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
EISSN eissnEISSN

International Standard Serial Number for the electronic media of a serial publication; eight characters may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen, but not an en dash or a space.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
2009-0048
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Handle System identifier hdlHDL

Handle System identifier for digital objects and other resources on the Internet

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
ISMN ismnISMN

International Standard Music Number; Use the ISMN actually printed on or in the work. Hyphens or spaces in the ISMN are optional.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
979-0-9016791-7-7
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
ISSN issnISSN

International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
jfm code jfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
JSTOR jstorJSTOR

JSTOR identifier

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
LCCN lccnLCCN

Library of Congress Control Number

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
MR mrMR

Mathematical Reviews identifier

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
OCLC oclcOCLC

Online Computer Library Center number

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
OL olOL

Open Library identifier; do not include "OL" at beginning of identifier

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
OSTI ostiOSTI

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
PMC pmc

PubMed Center article number

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
PMID pmidPMID

PubMed Unique Identifier

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
RFC rfc

Request for Comments number

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
SSRN ssrn

Social Science Research Network

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Zbl zbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
id idID

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Quote quotequotation

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Ref ref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv and sfn templates

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Name list format name-list-format

Accepts the single keyword 'vanc' to emulate Vancouver Style author / editor name-lists.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Mode mode

Sets separator and terminal punctuation to the style named in the assigned value; allowable values are: 'cs1' or 'cs2'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Postscript postscript

The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined; to suppress use reserved keyword 'none'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
.
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Registration registration

For online sources that require registration, set to 'yes' (or 'y', or 'true'); superseded by subscription if both are set

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Subscription subscription

For online sources that require subscription, set to 'yes' (or 'y', or 'true'); supersedes registration if both are set

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author mask author-maskauthormaskauthormask1author1-maskauthor-mask1author1mask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author mask 2 author-mask2authormask2author2-maskauthor2mask

Replaces the name of the second author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author mask 3 author-mask3authormask3author3-maskauthor3mask

Replaces the name of the third author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author mask 4 author-mask4authormask4author4-maskauthor4mask

Replaces the name of the fourth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author mask 5 author-mask5authormask5author5-maskauthor5mask

Replaces the name of the fifth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author mask 6 author-mask6authormask6author6-maskauthor6mask

Replaces the name of the sixth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author mask 7 author-mask7authormask7author7-maskauthor7mask

Replaces the name of the seventh author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author mask 8 author-mask8authormask8author8-maskauthor8mask

Replaces the name of the eighth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author mask 9 author-mask9authormask9author9-maskauthor9mask

Replaces the name of the ninth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Display authors display-authorsdisplayauthors

number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಸಂಖ್ಯೆ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link author-linkauthorlinksubjectlinksubject-linkauthorlink1author-link1author1-linksubjectlink1author1linksubject-link1subject1-linksubject1link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link 2 author-link2authorlink2author2-linksubjectlink2author2linksubject-link2subject2-linksubject2link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link 3 author-link3authorlink3author3-linksubjectlink3author3linksubject-link3subject3-linksubject3link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link 4 author-link4authorlink4author4-linksubjectlink4author4linksubject-link4subject4-linksubject4link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth author.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link 5 author-link5authorlink5author5-linksubjectlink5author5linksubject-link5subject5-linksubject5link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link 6 author-link6authorlink6author6-linksubjectlink6author6linksubject-link6subject6-linksubject6link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link 7 author-link7authorlink7author7-linksubjectlink7author7linksubject-link7subject7-linksubject7link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link 8 author-link8authorlink8author8-linksubjectlink8author8linksubject-link8subject8-linksubject8link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link 9 author-link9authorlink9author9-linksubjectlink9author9linksubject-link9subject9-linksubject9link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
URL access date access-dateaccessdate

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Original year orig-yearorigyear

Original year of publication; provide specifics

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name of second editor editor-last2editor-surname2editor2editor2-lasteditor2-surname

The surname of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name of second editor editor-first2editor-given2editor2-firsteditor2-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Link for second editor editor-link2editor2-linkeditorlink2editor2link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second editor

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Mask for second editor editor-mask2editormask2editor2-maskeditor2mask

Replaces the name of the second editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name of third editor editor-last3editor-surname3editor3editor3-lasteditor3-surname

The surname of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name of third editor editor-first3editor-given3editor3-firsteditor3-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Link for third editor editor-link3editor3-linkeditorlink3editor3link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third editor

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Mask for third editor editor-mask3editormask3editor3-maskeditor3mask

Replaces the name of the third editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name of fourth editor editor-last4editor-surname4editor4editor4-lasteditor4-surname

The surname of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name of fourth editor editor-first4editor-given4editor4-firsteditor4-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Link for fourth editor editor-link4editor4-linkeditorlink4editor4link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth editor

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Mask for fourth editor editor-mask4editormask4editor4-maskeditor4mask

Replaces the name of the fourth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name of fifth editor editor-last5editor-surname5editor5editor5-lasteditor5-surname

The surname of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name of fifth editor editor-first5editor-given5editor5-firsteditor5-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Link for fifth editor editor-link5editor5-linkeditorlink5editor5link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth editor

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Mask for fifth editor editor-mask5editormask5editor5-maskeditor5mask

Replaces the name of the fifth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name of sixth editor editor-last6editor-surname6editor6editor6-lasteditor6-surname

The surname of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name of sixth editor editor-first6editor-given6editor6-firsteditor6-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Link for sixth editor editor-link6editor6-linkeditorlink6editor6link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth editor

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Mask for sixth editor editor-mask6editormask6editor6-maskeditor6mask

Replaces the name of the sixth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name of seventh editor editor-last7editor-surname7editor7editor7-lasteditor7-surname

The surname of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name of seventh editor editor-first7editor-given7editor7-firsteditor7-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Link for seventh editor editor-link7editor7-linkeditorlink7editor7link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh editor

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Mask for seventh editor editor-mask7editormask7editor7-maskeditor7mask

Replaces the name of the seventh editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name of eighth editor editor-last8editor-surname8editor8editor8-lasteditor8-surname

The surname of the eighth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name of eighth editor editor-first8editor-given8editor8-firsteditor8-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Link for eighth editor editor-link8editor8-linkeditorlink8editor8link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth editor

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Mask for eighth editor editor-mask8editormask8editor8-maskeditor8mask

Replaces the name of the eighth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name of ninth editor editor-last9editor-surname9editor9editor9-lasteditor9-surname

The surname of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name of ninth editor editor-first9editor-given9editor9-firsteditor9-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Link for ninth editor editor-link9editor9-linkeditorlink9editor9link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth editor

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Mask for ninth editor editor-mask9editormask9editor9-maskeditor9mask

Replaces the name of the ninth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Display Editors display-editorsdisplayeditors

Controls the number of editor names that are displayed when a citation is published. To change the displayed number of editors, set display-editors to the desired number. For example, |display-editors=2 will display only the first two editors in a citation. By default, all editors are displayed. |display-editors=etal displays all editors in the list followed by et al.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator last name 2 translator-last2translator2translator2-last

The surname of the second translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator first name 2 translator-first2translator2-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator last name 3 translator-last3translator3translator3-last

The surname of the third translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator first name 3 translator-first3translator3-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator last name 4 translator-last4translator4translator4-last

The surname of the fourth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator first name 4 translator-first4translator4-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator last name 5 translator-last5translator5translator5-last

The surname of the fifth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator first name 5 translator-first5translator5-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator last name 6 translator-last6translator6translator6-last

The surname of the sixth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator first name 6 translator-first6translator6-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator last name 7 translator-last7translator7translator7-last

The surname of the seventh translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator first name 7 translator-first7translator7-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator last name 8 translator-last8translator8translator8-last

The surname of the eighth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator first name 8 translator-first8translator8-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator last name 9 translator-last9translator9translator9-last

The surname of the ninth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator first name 9 translator-first9translator9-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator link translator-linktranslator-link1translator1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the translator; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator link 2 translator-link2translator2-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second translator.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator link 3 translator-link3translator3-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third translator.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator link 4 translator-link4translator4-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth translator.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator link 5 translator-link5translator5-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth translator.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator link 6 translator-link6translator6-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth translator.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator link 7 translator-link7translator7-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh translator.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator link 8 translator-link8translator8-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth translator.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translator link 9 translator-link9translator9-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth translator.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
ಪುಟ ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Chapter URL chapter-urlchapterurlcontribution-urlsection-urlcontributionurlsectionurl

The URL of the online location where the text of the chapter can be found

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Format of Chapter URL chapter-formatcontribution-formatsection-format

Format of the work referred to by chapter-url; displayed in parentheses after chapter. HTML is implied and should not be specified.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
PDF, DOC, or XLS
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
DOI broken date doi-broken-datedoi_brokendate

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
URL access level url-access

Classification of the access restrictions on the URL ('registration', 'subscription' or 'limited')

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Archive URL archive-urlarchiveurl

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Archive Format archive-format

Format of the Archive

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Archive date archive-datearchivedate

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Dead URL dead-urldeadurl

If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Lay URL lay-urllay-summarylaysummarylayurl

URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Lay source lay-sourcelaysource

Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Lay date lay-datelaydate

Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last author ampersand last-author-amplastauthoramp

When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Via via

Aggregate or database provider, when different from the Publisher. Typically used for Ebooks.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
Open Edition, JSTOR
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Bibcode access level bibcode-access

If the full text is available from ADS via this Bibcode, type 'free'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
DOI access level doi-access

If the full text is free to read via the DOI, type 'free'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
HDL access level hdl-access

If the full text is free to read via the HDL, type 'free'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Jstor access level jstor-access

If the full text is free to read on Jstor, type 'free'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
OpenLibrary access level ol-access

If the full text is free to read on OpenLibrary, type 'free'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
OSTI access level osti-access

If the full text is free to read on OSTI, type 'free'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Issue issuenumber

Issue number. This parameter is not supported by and should generally not be used with cite book. Consider that a different cite template may be more appropriate, such as cite magazine or cite journal. See Help:Citation_Style_1#Pages.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Coauthor coauthor

Coauthor

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String deprecated
Coauthors coauthors

Coauthors

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String deprecated
Authors list authorspeoplehostcredits

List of authors as a free form list. Use of this parameter is discouraged, "lastn" to "firstn" are preferable. Warning: do not use if last or any of its aliases are used.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
City of Publication city

Where published

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String deprecated
Agency agency

Unusual in cite book. Use if an agency is needed in addition to publisher, etc.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Department department

Unusual in cite book.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Date format df

Sets rendered dates to the specified format

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ

See also[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

This template produces COinS metadata; see COinS in Wikipedia for background information.