ಟೆಂಪ್ಲೇಟು:Cite press release

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Citation Style 1 templates
{{Cite arXiv}}arXiv preprints
{{Cite AV media}}audio and visual
{{Cite AV media notes}}audio and visual liner notes
{{Cite bioRxiv}}bioRxiv preprints
{{Cite book}}books
{{Cite conference}}conference papers
{{Cite encyclopedia}}edited collections
{{Cite episode}}radio or television episodes
{{Cite interview}}interviews
{{Cite journal}}academic journals and papers
{{Cite magazine}}magazines, periodicals
{{Cite mailing list}}public mailing lists
{{Cite map}}maps
{{Cite news}}news articles
{{Cite newsgroup}}online newsgroups
{{Cite podcast}}audio or video podcast
{{Cite press release}}press releases
{{Cite report}}reports
{{Cite serial}}audio or video serials
{{Cite sign}}signs, plaques
{{Cite speech}}speeches
{{Cite techreport}}technical reports
{{Cite thesis}}theses
{{Cite web}}any resource accessible through a URL
See also:

This Citation Style 1 template is used to create citations for press releases.

Usage[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Copy a blank version to use. All parameter names must be in lowercase. Use the "|" (pipe) character between each parameter. Delete unused parameters to avoid clutter in the edit window. Some samples may include the current date. If the date is not current, then purge the page.

Most commonly used parameters in horizontal format
To cite a press release with a credited author

{{cite press release |last= |first= |date= |title= |url= |location= |publisher= |agency= |accessdate=೨೦೧೯-೦೮-೨೨}}

To cite a press release with no credited author

{{cite press release |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |title= |url= |location= |publisher= |agency= |date= |accessdate=೨೦೧೯-೦೮-೨೨}}

To cite an online press release that has been archived

{{cite press release |last= |first= |date= |title= |url= |deadurl= |location= |publisher= |agency= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |accessdate=೨೦೧೯-೦೮-೨೨}}

To cite a press release written in a foreign language

{{cite press release |last= |first= |date= |title= |trans_title= |url= |language= |location= |publisher= |agency= |accessdate=೨೦೧೯-೦೮-೨೨}}

To cite and quote an archived, two-author, foreign language press release re-published as a PDF on an information aggregation service requiring a subscription

{{cite press release |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |title= |trans_title= |url= |deadurl= |format= |language= |location= |publisher= |agency= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |accessdate= |via= |subscription= |quote= }}

Full parameter set in horizontal format

{{cite press release |last1= |first1= |authorlink1= |last2= |first2= |authorlink2= |last3= |first3= |authorlink3= |last4= |first4= |authorlink4= |last5= |first5= |authorlink5= |displayauthors= |author-mask= |author-name-separator= |author-separator= |lastauthoramp= |date= |year= |editor1-last= |editor1-first= |editor1-link= |editor2-last= |editor2-first= |editor2-link= |editor3-last= |editor3-first= |editor3-link= |editor4-last= |editor4-first= |editor4-link= |editor5-last= |editor5-first= |editor5-link= |displayeditors= |title= |trans_title= |url= |deadurl= |format= |type=Press release |language= |others= |location= |publisher= |agency= |page= |pages= |at= |id= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |accessdate= |via= |registration= |subscription= |quote= |separator= |postscript= |ref= }}


Most commonly used parameters in vertical format
To cite a press release with a credited author
{{cite press release
| last         = 
| first        = 
| date         = 
| title        = 
| url          = 
| location     = 
| publisher    = 
| agency       =
| accessdate   = 
}}
To cite a press release with no credited author
{{cite press release
| author       = <!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.-->
| title        = 
| url          = 
| format       = 
| location     = 
| publisher    = 
| agency       =
| date         = 
| accessdate   = 
}}
To cite an online press release that you have archived
{{cite press release
| last         = 
| first        = 
| title        = 
| url          = 
| deadurl      = 
| location     = 
| publisher    = 
| agency       =
| date         = 
| archiveurl   = 
| archivedate  = 
| accessdate   = 
}}
To cite a press release written in a foreign language
{{cite press release
| last         = 
| first        = 
| date         = 
| title        = 
| trans_title  = 
| url          = 
| language     = 
| location     = 
| agency       =
| publisher    = 
| accessdate   = 
}}
To cite and quote an archived, two-author, foreign language press release re-published as a PDF on an information aggregation service requiring a subscription
{{cite press release
| last1        = 
| first1       = 
| last2        = 
| first2       = 
| date         = 
| title        = 
| trans_title  = 
| url          = 
| deadurl      = 
| format       = 
| language     = 
| location     = 
| publisher    = 
| agency       =
| archiveurl   = 
| archivedate  = 
| accessdate   = 
| via          = 
| subscription =
| quote        = 
}}
Full parameter set in vertical format
Vertical list Prerequisites Brief instructions / notes
{{cite press release
| last1                 = 
| first1                = 
| authorlink1           = 
| last2                 = 
| first2                = 
| authorlink2           = 
| last3                 = 
| first3                = 
| authorlink3           = 
| last4                 = 
| first4                = 
| authorlink4           = 
| last5                 = 
| first5                = 
| authorlink5           = 
| displayauthors        = 
| author-mask           = 
| author-name-separator = 
| author-separator      = 
| lastauthoramp         = 
| date                  = 
| year                  = 
| editor1-last          = 
| editor1-first         = 
| editor1-link          = 
| editor2-last          = 
| editor2-first         = 
| editor2-link          = 
| editor3-last          = 
| editor3-first         = 
| editor3-link          = 
| editor4-last          = 
| editor4-first         = 
| editor4-link          = 
| editor5-last          = 
| editor5-first         = 
| editor5-link          = 
| displayeditors        = 
| title                 = 
| trans_title           = 
| url                   = 
| deadurl               = 
| format                = 
| type                  = 
| language              = 
| others                = 
| location              = 
| publisher             = 
| agency                =
| page                  = 
| pages                 = 
| at                    = 
| id                    = 
| archiveurl            = 
| archivedate           = 
| accessdate            = 
| via                   = 
| registration          = 
| subscription          = 
| quote                 = 
| separator             = 
| postscript            = 
| ref                   = 
}}
 
 
 
 
 last1=
 first1=
 authorlink1=
 last2=
 first2=
 authorlink=2
 last3=
 first3=
 authorlink=3
 last4=
 first4=
 authorlink=4
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 editor1-last
 editor1-first
 editor1-link
 editor2-last
 editor2-first
 editor2-link
 editor3-last
 editor3-first
 editor3-link
 editor4-last
 editor4-first
 editor4-link
 
 
 title
 title
 archiveurl
 
 
 trans_title
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 archivedate
 archiveurl
 url
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 or use |last=
 or use |first=
 or use |authorlink=
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 or use |editor-last=
 or use |editor-first=
 or use |editor-link=
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 |deadurl=no if pre-archiving a url; |deadurl=yes if url is dead
 for non-HTML formats e.g. PDF, XLS, DOC, PPT etc.
 omit this parameter - "Press release" displays automatically
 Spanish, Chinese, Russian, Portuguese, etc.
 Illustrator or other contributor type and name e.g. Illustrated by Gahan Wilson
 location named at the beginning of a press release e.g. Omaha, Nebraska
 the organization that published the press release
 
 page number of relevant information; if populated can not use |pages or |at
 pages of relevant information; if populated can not use |page or |at
 placement of relevant information; if populated can not use |page or |pages
 
 
 date the main url was archived
 
 
 overridden by |subscription
 if populated, |registration will not display
 Opening and closing quotation marks display automatically.
 
 
 Used in HARV and SFN referencing styles
 
  • If a field name is listed in the Prerequisites column, it is a prerequisite for the field to the left.

Examples[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Full parameter set in horizontal format

A press release with a credited author

  • {{cite press release |last=Roithmayr |first=Mark |date=2007-02-05 |title=Autism Speaks and Cure Autism Now Complete Merger |url=http://autismspeaks.org/press/autism_speaks_can_complete.php |location=New York |publisher=[[Autism Speaks]] |accessdate=2007-11-19}}
Roithmayr, Mark (2007-02-05). "Autism Speaks and Cure Autism Now Complete Merger" (Press release). New York: Autism Speaks. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 

A press release with no credited author

  • {{cite press release |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |title=Sprint 4G LTE Lights Up in 11 New Cities and Counties in Indiana, Kansas, Maryland, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Virginia and West Virginia |url=http://newsroom.sprint.com/article_display.cfm?article_id=2468 |location=Overland Park, Kansas |publisher=[[Sprint Nextel]] |date=2012-11-26 |accessdate=2012-11-28}}
"Sprint 4G LTE Lights Up in 11 New Cities and Counties in Indiana, Kansas, Maryland, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Virginia and West Virginia" (Press release). Overland Park, Kansas: Sprint Nextel. 2012-11-26. Retrieved 2012-11-28. 

A press release that has been archived

  • {{cite press release |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |title=Burberry Uses iPhone 5s To Capture Spring / Summer 2014 Runway Show |url=http://www.burberryplc.com/media_centre/press_releases/2013/burberry-uses-iphone-5s-to-capture-spring--summer-2014-runway-show |deadurl=no |location=Cupertino, California and London |publisher=[[Burberry|Burberry Group]] |date=2013-09-13 |archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/6KPzNEAeQ |archivedate=2013-10-15 |accessdate=2013-11-15}}
"Burberry Uses iPhone 5s To Capture Spring / Summer 2014 Runway Show" (Press release). Cupertino, California and London: Burberry Group. 2013-09-13. Archived from the original on 2013-10-15. Retrieved 2013-11-15. 

A press release written in a foreign language

  • {{cite press release |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |title=General Motors de México Refuerza Su Compromiso con el Medio Ambiente y Realiza un Año Más Actividades de Reforestación |trans_title=General Motors of Mexico Marks Its Commitment to the Environment and Marks One Year of Reforestation Activities |url=http://media.gm.com/content/media/mk/en/chevrolet/news.detail.html/content/Pages/news/mx/es/2013/Aug/0820-reforestacion.html |language=Spanish |location=México, D.F. |publisher=General Motors Company |date=2013-08-20 |accessdate=2013-10-16}}
"General Motors de México Refuerza Su Compromiso con el Medio Ambiente y Realiza un Año Más Actividades de Reforestación" (Press release) (in Spanish). Mexico City, Mexico: General Motors Company. 2013-08-20. Retrieved 2013-10-16.  Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)

A two author press release that you quote and archive, is written in a foreign language and has been re-published as a PDF on an information aggregation service requiring a subscription

  • {{cite press release |last1=Thompson |first1=Walter |last2=Mittlebrun |first2=Angela |date=1990-06-15 |title=Das Internet ist selbstverständlich nicht auf Fang |trans_title=The Internet Will Not Catch On |url=http://forschungsinstitut.de/internet.html |deadurl=no |format=PDF |language=German |location=Bonn, Germany |publisher=Forschungs Institut Stiftung |archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/6KPzNEAej |archivedate=2012-08-17 |accessdate=2012-08-17 |via=[[HighBeam Research]] |subscription=yes |quote=Internet-Nutzung wird erwartet, dass für den Rest des Jahrzehnts zurückgehen.}}
Thompson, Walter; Mittlebrun, Angela (1990-06-15). "Das Internet ist selbstverständlich nicht auf Fang" (PDF) (Press release) (in German). Bonn, Germany: Forschungs Institut Stiftung. Archived from the original on 2012-08-17. Retrieved 2012-08-17 – via HighBeam Research. (Subscription required (help)). Internet-Nutzung wird erwartet, dass für den Rest des Jahrzehnts zurückgehen.  Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)

Parameters[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Syntax[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Nested parameters rely on their parent parameters:

  • parent
  • OR: parent2—may be used instead of parent
    • child—may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2—may be used instead of child (and is ignored if parent2 is not used)
Where aliases are listed, only one of the parameters may be defined; if multiple aliased parameters are defined, then only one will show.

By default, sets of fields are terminated with a period (.).

COinS[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

This template embeds COinS metadata in the HTML output, allowing reference management software to retrieve bibliographic metadata. See Wikipedia:COinS. As a general rule, only one data item per parameter. Do not include explanatory or alternate text:

  • Use |date=27 September 2007 not |date=27 September 2007 (print version 25 September)

Use of templates within the citation template is discouraged because many of these templates will add extraneous HTML or CSS that will be included raw in the metadata. Also, HTML entities, for example &nbsp;, &ndash;, etc, should not be used in parameters that contribute to the metadata. Do not include Wiki markup '' (italic font) or ''' (bold font) because these markup characters will contaminate the metadata.

COinS metadata is created for these parameters
  • |periodical=, |journal=, |newspaper=, |magazine=, |work=, |website=, |encyclopedia=, |encyclopaedia=, |dictionary=
  • |chapter=, |contribution=, |entry=, |article=, |section=
  • |title=
  • |publication-place=, |publicationplace=, |place=, |location=
  • |date=, |year=, |publication-date=, |publicationdate=
  • |series=, |version=
  • |volume=
  • |issue=, |number=
  • |page=, |pages=, |at=
  • |edition=
  • |publisher=, |distributor=, |institution=
  • |url=
  • |chapter-url=, |chapterurl=, |contribution-url=, |contributionurl=, |section-url=, |sectionurl=
  • |author#=, |author-last#=, |author#-last=, |last#=, |surname#=
  • |author-first#=, |author#-first=, |first#=, |given#=
  • any of the named identifiers (|isbn=, |issn=, |doi=, |pmc=, etc)

Deprecated[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

None of the cs1|2 parameters are deprecated.

Description[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Authors[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • last: Surname of author. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: last1, author, authors, author1.
    • first: Given or first names of author, including title(s); for example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Aliases: first1. Requires last; first name will not display if last is empty.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use last1, first1 through lastn, firstn where n is any consecutive number for an unlimited number of authors (each firstn requires a corresponding lastn). By default, if nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and "et al." will show in place of the last author. See the display parameters to change. Aliases: author1 through authorn.
  • authorlink: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author—not the author's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: authorlink1, author-link, author1-link, author1link.
  • OR: for multiple authors, use authorlink1 through authorlinkn. Aliases: author1-link through authorn-link.
  • others: To record other contributors to the work, such as Illustrated by John Smith or Translated by John Smith.
When using shortened footnotes or parenthetical referencing styles with templates, do not use multiple names in one field or else the anchor will not match the inline link.

Title[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • title: Title of source. Can be wikilinked to an existing Wikipedia article or url may be used to add an external link, but not both. Displays in quotes. If script-title is defined, title holds romanized transliteration of title in script-title.
    • script-title: Original title for languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc); not italicized, follows italicized transliteration defined in title. May be prefixed with an ISO 639-1 two-character code to help browsers properly display the script:
      ... |title=Tōkyō tawā |script-title=ja:東京タワー |trans-title=Tokyo Tower ...
    • trans-title: English translation of the title if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after title; if url is defined, then trans-title is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
Titles containing certain characters will display and link incorrectly unless those characters are encoded.
newline [ ] |
space &#91; &#93; {{!}} (preferred)
{{bracket|text}} &#124; or {{pipe}}see also Help:Table § Rendering the pipe
  • When the title you are citing contains quotations marks or apostrophes at the beginning, end or both, you can use &thinsp; to place a separation between that punctuation and the quotation marks this template automatically provides around the title, to avoid a non-ideal display such as '''.
  • For example instead of title='name' which will display on many browsers with the quotation marks surrounding it as '''name''', use |title=&thinsp;'name'&thinsp;, which will display as " 'name' ".
  • title-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the source named in title – do not use a web address; do not wikilink. Alias: titlelink.
  • type: Provides additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case. Displays in parentheses following the title. Defaults to Press release. Alias: medium.
  • language: The language in which the source is written. Displays in parentheses with "in" before the language name or names. Use the full language name or ISO 639-1 code. When the source uses more than one language, list them individually, separated by commas, e.g. |language=French, German. The use of language names or language codes recognized by Wikimedia adds the page to the appropriate subcategory of Category:CS1 foreign language sources; do not use templates or wikilinks. Note: When the language is "English" (or "en"), no language is displayed in the citation. Note: When two or more languages are listed there is no need to include "and" before the last language. "and" is inserted automatically by the template.

Date[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • date: Date of source being referenced. Can be full date (day, month, and year) or partial date (month and year, season and year, year). Use same format as other publication dates in the citations.[೧] Required when year is used to disambiguate {{sfn}} links to multiple-work citations by the same author in the same year.[more] Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and is enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher.
  • OR:
    • year: Year of source being referenced. Required with some types of {{sfn}} citations;[more] otherwise use date.
    • month: (deprecated) Name of the month or season of publication. Use date instead.
    • origyear: Original publication year; displays after the date or year. For clarity, please supply specifics. For example: |origyear=First published 1859 or |origyear=Composed 1904.
  1. Publication dates in references within an article should all have the same format. See: MOS:DATEUNIFY.

Publisher[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • publisher: Name of publisher; may be wikilinked if relevant. The publisher is the company that publishes the work being cited. Do not use the publisher parameter for the name of a work (e.g., a book, encyclopedia, newspaper, magazine, journal, website). Not normally used for periodicals. Corporate designations such as "Ltd", "Inc" or "GmbH" are not usually included. Omit where the publisher's name is substantially the same as the name of the work (for example, The New York Times Co. publishes The New York Times newspaper, so there is no reason to name the publisher). Displays after title; if work is defined, then publisher is enclosed in parentheses.
  • place: Geographical place of publication; generally not wikilinked; omit when the name of the work includes the location; examples: The Boston Globe, The Times of India. Displays after the title; if work is defined, then location is enclosed in parentheses. Alias: location
  • publication-place: If any one of publication-place, place or location are defined, then the location shows after the title; if publication-place and place or location are defined, then place or location are shown before the title prefixed with "written at" and publication-place is shown after the title.
  • publication-date: Date of publication when different from the date the work was written. Displays only if year or date are defined and only if different, else publication-date is used and displayed as date. Use the same format as other dates in the article; do not wikilink. Follows publisher; if work is not defined, then publication-date is preceded by "published" and enclosed in parenthesis.

Edition, series, volume[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • edition: When the publication has more than one edition; for example: "2nd", "Revised", and so forth. Appends the string " ed." after the field, so |edition=2nd produces "2nd ed." Does not display if a periodical field is defined.
  • series or version: When the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal where the issue numbering has restarted.
  • volume: For one publication published in several volumes. Displays after the title and series fields; displays in bold— if bolding is not desired, then include the volume information in the title field.

In-source locations[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • page: The number of a single page in the source that supports the content. Use either |page= or |pages=, but not both. Displays preceded by p. unless |nopp=y.
  • OR: pages: A range of pages in the source that supports the content. Use either |page= or |pages=, but not both. Separate using an en dash (–); separate non-sequential pages with a comma (,); do not use to indicate the total number of pages in the source. Displays preceded by pp. unless |nopp=y. Hyphens are automatically converted to en dashes; if hyphens are appropriate, for example: pp. 3-1–3-15, use |at=.
    • nopp: Set to y to suppress the p. or pp. notations where this is inappropriate; for example, where |page=Front cover.
  • OR: at: For sources where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient. Overridden by |page= or |pages=. Use only one of |page=, |pages=, or |at=.
Examples: page (p.) or pages (pp.); section (sec.), column (col.), paragraph (para.); track; hours, minutes and seconds; act, scene, canto, book, part, folio, stanza, back cover, liner notes, indicia, colophon, dust jacket, verse.

URL[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • url: URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found. Cannot be used if title is wikilinked. If applicable, the link may point to the specific page(s) referenced. Remove spurious tracking parameters from URLs, e.g. #ixzz2rBr3aO94 or ?utm_source=google&utm_medium=...&utm_term=...&utm_campaign=.... Do not link to any commercial booksellers, such as Amazon.com. See: WP:PAGELINKS.
    • accessdate: Full date when original URL was accessed; use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations; requires url.[೧] Do not wikilink. Not required for web pages or linked documents that do not change; mainly for use of web pages that change frequently or have no publication date. Can be hidden or styled by registered editors.
    • archiveurl: The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the url becomes unavailable. Typically used to refer to services like WebCite (see: Wikipedia:Using WebCite) and Internet Archive (see: Wikipedia:Using the Wayback Machine); requires archivedate and url.
      • archivedate: Date when the original URL was archived; preceded by default text "archived from the original on". Use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations. This does not necessarily have to be the same format that was used for citing publication dates.[೧] Do not wikilink.
      • deadurl: When the URL is still live, but pre-emptively archived, then set |deadurl=no. This changes the display order with the title retaining the original link and the archive linked at the end.
    • template doc demo: The archive parameters will be error checked to ensure that all the required parameters are included, or else {{citation error}} is invoked. With errors, main, help and template pages are placed into Category:Articles with incorrect citation syntax. Set |template doc demo=true to disable categorization; mainly used for documentation where the error is demonstrated.
  • format: Format of the work referred to by url; for example: PDF, DOC, or XLS; displayed in parentheses after title. HTML is implied and should not be specified. Does not change the external link icon. Note: External link icons do not include alt text; thus, they do not add format information for the visually impaired.
URLs must begin with a supported URI scheme. http:// and https:// will be supported by all browsers; however, ftp://, gopher://, irc://, ircs://, mailto: and news: may require a plug-in or an external application and should normally be avoided. IPv6 host-names are currently not supported.
If URLs in citation template parameters contain certain characters, then they will not display and link correctly. Those characters need to be percent-encoded. For example, a space must be replaced by %20. To encode the URL, replace the following characters with:
sp " ' < > [ ] { | }
%20 %22 %27 %3c %3e %5b %5d %7b %7c %7d
Single apostrophes do not need to be encoded; however, unencoded multiples will be parsed as italic or bold markup. Single curly closing braces also do not need to be encoded; however, an unencoded pair will be parsed as the double closing braces for the template transclusion.
  1. ೧.೦ ೧.೧ Accessdate and archivedate in references should all have the same format – either the format used for publication dates, or YYYY-MM-DD. See: MOS:DATEUNIFY.

Anchor[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Identifiers[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • id: A unique identifier, used where none of the specialized identifiers are applicable; wikilink or use a template as applicable.

These identifiers create links and are designed to accept a single value. Using multiple values or other text will break the link and/or invalidate the identifier. In general, the parameters should include only the variable part of the identifier, e.g. rfc=822 or pmc=345678.

  • arxiv: arXiv identifier; for example: arxiv=hep-th/9205027 (before April 2007) or arxiv=0706.0001 or arxiv=1501.00001 (since April 2007). Do not include extraneous file extensions like ".pdf" or ".html".
  • asin: Amazon Standard Identification Number; if first character of asin value is a digit, use isbn. Because this link favours one specific distributor, only include it if standard identifiers aren't available.
    • asin-tld: ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US; valid values: au, br, ca, cn, co.jp, co.uk, de, es, fr, it, mx
  • bibcode: Bibcode; used by a number of astronomical data systems; for example: 1974AJ.....79..819H
  • biorxiv: bioRxiv id, a 6-digit number at the end of the biorXiv URL (e.g. 078733 for http://biorxiv.org/content/early/2016/10/01/078733 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1101/078733)
  • citeseerx: CiteSeerX id, a string of digits and dots found in a CiteSeerX URL (e.g. 10.1.1.176.341 for http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.176.341 )
  • doi: Digital object identifier; for example: 10.1038/news070508-7. It is checked to ensure it begins with (10.).
    • doi-broken-date: Date the DOI was found to be non-working at http://dx.doi.org. Use the same format as other dates in the article. Alias: doi_brokendate, doi-inactive-date
  • eissn: International Standard Serial Number for the electronic media of a serial publication; eight characters may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen, but not an en dash or a space. Alias: EISSN
  • hdl: Handle System identifier for digital objects and other resources on the Internet. Alias: HDL
  • isbn: International Standard Book Number; for example: 978-0-8126-9593-9. (See Wikipedia:ISBN and ISBN § Overview.) Dashes in the ISBN are optional, but preferred. Use the ISBN actually printed on or in the book. Use the 13-digit ISBN – beginning with 978 or 979 – when it is available. If only a 10-digit ISBN is printed on or in the book, use it. ISBNs can be found on the page with the publisher's information – usually the back of the title page – or beneath the barcode as a number beginning with 978 or 979 (barcodes beginning with any other numbers are not ISBNs). For sources with the older 9-digit SBN system, prefix the number with a zero; thus, SBN 902888-45-5 should be entered as |isbn=0-902888-45-5. Do not convert a 10-digit ISBN to 13-digit by just adding the 978 prefix; the last digit is a calculated check digit and just making changes to the numbers will make the ISBN invalid. This parameter should hold only the ISBN without any additional characters. It is checked for length, invalid characters – anything other than numbers, spaces, and hyphens, with "X" permitted as the last character in a 10-digit ISBN – and the proper check digit. Alias: ISBN
  • ismn: International Standard Music Number; for example: 979-0-9016791-7-7. Hyphens or spaces in the ISMN are optional. Use the ISMN actually printed on or in the work. This parameter should hold only the ISMN without any additional characters. It is checked for length, invalid characters – anything other than numbers, spaces, and hyphens – and the proper check digit. Alias: ISMN
  • issn: International Standard Serial Number; eight characters may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen, but not an en dash or a space. Alias: ISSN
  • jfm: Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik
  • jstor: JSTOR reference number; for example: jstor=3793107 will generate JSTOR 3793107.
  • lccn: Library of Congress Control Number. When present, alphabetic prefix characters are to be lower case.
  • mr: Mathematical Reviews
  • oclc: OCLC; WorldCat's Online Computer Library Center
  • ol: Open Library identifier; do not include "OL" in the value.
  • osti: Office of Scientific and Technical Information
  • pmc: PubMed Central; use article number for full-text free repository of a journal article, e.g. pmc=345678. Do not include "PMC" in the value. See also the pmid parameter, below; these are two different identifiers.
    • embargo: Date that pmc goes live; if this date is in the future, then pmc is not linked until that date.
  • pmid: PubMed; use unique identifier. See also the pmc parameter, above; these are two different identifiers.
  • rfc: Request for Comments
  • ssrn: Social Science Research Network
  • zbl: Zentralblatt MATH

Quote[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • quote: Relevant text quoted from the source. Displays enclosed in quotes. When supplied, the citation terminator (a period by default) is suppressed, so the quote must include terminating punctuation.

Laysummary[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • layurl: URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; the URL title is set to "Lay summary". Aliases: laysummary.
    • laysource: Name of the source of the laysummary. Displays in italics and preceded by an endash.
    • laydate: Date of the summary. Displays in parentheses.

Display options[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • author-mask: Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text. Set author-mask to a numeric value n to set the dash n em spaces wide; set author-mask to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, "with". You must still include the values for all authors for metadata purposes. Primarily intended for use with bibliography styles where multiple works by a single author are listed sequentially. Do not use in a list generated by {{reflist}}, <references /> or similar as there is no control of the order in which references are displayed.
  • author-name-separator: Controls the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space (, ); if the parameter is present, but blank, separator punctuation is set to the default; a space must be encoded as &#32;.
  • author-separator: Controls the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space (; ); if the parameter is present, but blank, separator punctuation is set to the default; a space must be encoded as &#32;.
  • display-authors: Controls the number of author names that are displayed when a citation is published. To change the displayed number of authors, set display-authors to the desired number. For example, |display-authors=2 will display only the first two authors in a citation. By default, all authors are displayed except when there are nine authors, then the author list in the citation is truncated to eight authors, followed by "et al." This exception mimics the older version of the template for compatibility. If a citation contains nine author names and one wishes all nine author names to display, "et al." may be suppressed by setting |display-authors=9. Aliases: displayauthors.
  • display-editors: Controls the number of editor names that are displayed when a citation is published. To change the displayed number of editors, set display-editors to the desired number. For example, |display-editors=2 will display only the first two editors in a citation. By default, all editors are displayed except when there are four editors, then the editor list in the citation is truncated to three editors, followed by "et al." This exception mimics the older version of the template for compatibility. If a citation contains four editor names and one wishes all four editor names to display, "et al." may be suppressed by setting |display-editors=4. Aliases: displayeditors.
  • lastauthoramp: Switches the separator between the last two names of the author list to space ampersand space ( & ) when set to any value. Example: |lastauthoramp=yes
  • postscript: Controls the closing punctuation for a citation; defaults to a period (.); for no terminating punctuation, specify |postscript=none – leaving |postscript= empty has the same effect but is ambiguous. Ignored if quote is defined.
  • separator: Controls the punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc. Defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present, but blank, separator punctuation is set to the default; a space must be encoded as &#32;.

Subscription or registration required[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Citations of online sources that require registration or a subscription are acceptable in Wikipedia as documented in Verifiability – Access to sources. As a courtesy to readers and other editors, editors can signal the access restrictions of the external links included in a citation.

Four access levels can be used:

  • Freely accessible free: the source is free to read for anyone (this applies in particular to articles in open access)
  • Free registration required registration: a free registration is required to access the source
  • Free access subject to limited trial, subscription normally required limited: there are other constraints (such as a cap on daily views) to freely access this source
  • Paid subscription required subscription: the source is only accessible via a paid subscription

As there are often multiple external links with different access levels in the same citation, these values are attributed to a particular external link.

Access level of |url=[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Links inserted with |url= are expected to be free to read by default. If not, editors can use one of

  • |url-access=subscription
  • |url-access=registration
  • |url-access=limited

to indicate the relevant access restriction.

Access level of identifiers[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Links inserted by identifiers such as |doi= are not expected to offer a free full text by default. If they do, editors can use |doi-access=free (in the case of |doi=) to indicate the relevant access level. The following identifiers are supported:

  • |bibcode= with |bibcode-access=free
  • |doi= with |doi-access=free
  • |hdl= with |hdl-access=free
  • |jstor= with |jstor-access=free
  • |ol= with |ol-access=free
  • |osti= with |osti-access=free

Some identifiers always link to free full texts. In this case, the access level is automatically indicated by the template. This is the case for |arxiv=, |biorxiv=, |citeseerx=, |pmc=, |rfc= and |ssrn=.

Ambiguous access parameters[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

The parameters |registration=yes and |subscription=yes can also be used to indicate the access level of a citation. However, they do not indicate which link they apply to, so editors are encouraged to use |url-access=registration and |url-access=subscription instead, when the restriction applies to |url=. If the restriction applies to an identifier, these parameters should be omitted.

These parameters add a link note to the end of the citation:

  • registration: For online sources that require registration, set |registration=yes (or y, or true); superseded by subscription if both are set.
  • subscription: For online sources that require a subscription, set |subscription=yes (or y, or true); supersedes registration if both are set.

Setting |registration= or |subscription= to any value other than y, yes, or true will generate an error message.

TemplateData[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools; see the monthly error report for this template.

TemplateData for Cite press release

This Citation Style 1 template is used to create citations to press releases. N.B. Parameters have been provided for up to 3 authors; however, additional parameters up to _last9_, _first9_ and _authorlink9_ can be added manually as parameters.

Template parameters

ಪರಿಮಿತಿವಿವರನಮೂನೆಸ್ಥಾನಮಾನ
Title of sourcetitle

Title of source. Displays in quotes.

Stringrequired
Source publication datedate

Full date of source being referenced in the same format as other publication dates in the citations. Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Name of publisherpublisher

Name of publisher. Not normally included for periodicals. Corporate designations such as _Ltd_, _Inc_ or _GmbH_ are not usually included. Displays after title.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Geographical place of publicationlocation

Geographical place of publication. Displays after the title.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Source URLurl

URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found. Use of the accessdate parameter is recommended.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Date when URL was accessedaccessdate

Full date when original URL was accessed; use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations; do not wikilink. Not required for web pages or linked documents that do not change; mainly of use for web pages that change frequently or have no publication date.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Use if archived but not deaddeadurl

When the URL is still live, but preemptively archived, then set |deadurl=no. This changes the display order with the title retaining the original link and the archive linked at the end.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
URL of an archived copy of the sourcearchiveurl

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the url becomes unavailable. Requires parameter _archivedate_.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Date when the original URL was archived.archivedate

Date when the original URL was archived. Use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations; do not wikilink. Displays preceded by _archived from the original on_.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Quote from sourcequote

Relevant text quoted from the source. Displays enclosed in quotes. When supplied, the citation terminator (a period by default) is suppressed, so the quote needs to include terminating punctuation.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Anchor IDref

ID for anchor. By default, no anchor is generated. The ordinary nonempty value |ref=ID generates an anchor with the given ID; such a linkable reference can be made the target of wikilinks to full references, especially useful in short citations like shortened notes and parenthetical referencing. The special value |ref=harv generates an anchor suitable for the {{harv}} template; see anchors for Harvard referencing templates.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
English translation of source titletrans_title

English translation of the title if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after title. Use of the language parameter is recommended.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last namelast

Surname of author. Do not wikilink&nbsp;– use authorlink instead. Where the surname is usually written first, as in Chinese, or for corporate authors, simply use last to include the same format as the source.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First namefirst

Given or first names of author, including title(s); for example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink&nbsp;– use authorlink instead.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author biography linkauthorlink

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author—not the author's website; do not wikilink.

ಪುಟಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Source language, if not Englishlanguage

The language the source is written in, if not English. Displays in parentheses with _in_ before the language name. Use the full language name; do not use icons or templates.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name of first authorlast1

Equivalent to using _last_ when only one author. For use when a work has up to nine authors. To link to author article, use _authorlink1_.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name of first authorfirst1

Equivalent to using _first_ when only one author. For use when a work has up to nine authors. To link to author article, use _authorlink1_.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First author biography linkauthorlink1

Equivalent to using _authorlink_ when only one author. Title of existing Wikipedia article about the first author—not the author's website; do not wikilink.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name of second authorlast2

For use when a work has up to nine authors. To link to author article, use _authorlink2_.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name of second authorfirst2

For use when a work has up to nine authors. To link to author article, use _authorlink2_.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Second author biography linkauthorlink2

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author—not the author's website; do not wikilink.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name of third authorlast3

For use when a work has up to nine authors. To link to author article, use _authorlink3_.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name of third authorfirst3

For use when a work has up to nine authors. To link to author article, use _authorlink3_.

Lineಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Third author biography linkauthorlink3

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author—not the author's website; do not wikilink.

Stringಐಚ್ಛಿಕ

This template produces COinS metadata; see COinS in Wikipedia for background information.