Location of Balochistan
|ದೇಶ||ಟೆಂಪ್ಲೇಟು:Country data ಪಾಕಿಸ್ತಾನ್|
|ಸ್ತಾಪನೆ||14 ಆಗಸ್ಟ್ 1947|
|ಅತಿ ದೊಡ್ಡ ನಗರ||ಕ್ವೆಟ್ಟಾ|
|• Body||Provincial Assembly|
|• Governor||Muhammad Khan Achakzai (PkMAP)|
|• Chief Minister||Sanaullah Zehri (PML (N))|
|• Legislature||Unicameral (65 seats)|
|• High Court||High Court of Balochistan|
|Time zone||UTC+5 (PKT)|
|ISO 3166 code||PK-BA|
|Provincial Assembly seats||65|
Balochistan (Balochi, Pashto, ಉರ್ದು: بلوچِستانبلوچِستان, BalōčistānBalōčistān, pronounced [bəloːt͡ʃɪst̪ɑːn]), is one of the four provinces of Pakistan, forming the southwestern region of the country. Its provincial capital and largest city is Quetta. It has borders with Punjab and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas to the northeast, Sindh to the east and southeast, the Arabian Sea to the south, Iran to the west and Afghanistan to the north and northwest.
The main ethnic groups in the province are the Baloch people and the Pashtuns, who constitute 46% and 42% of the population respectively according to the preliminary 2011 census; the remaining 12% comprises smaller communities of Brahui, Hazaras, Sindhis, Punjabis and other settlers such as the Uzbeks and Turkmens. The name Balochistan means "the land of the Baloch" in many regional languages. Largely underdeveloped, its provincial economy is dominated by natural resources, especially its natural gas fields estimated to have sufficient capacity to supply Pakistan's demands over the medium to long term. Aside from Quetta, a further area of major economic importance is Gwadar Port on the Arabian Sea.
- "Pak population increased by 46.9% between 1998 and 2011". The Times of India. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
- Lakdawalla, Muhammad (5 April 2012). "The tricky demographics of Balochistan". Dawn News. Retrieved 16 May 2017.