ಸರ್ ಜಾರ್ಜ್ ಗಿಲ್ಬರ್ಟ್ ಸ್ಕಾಟ್

ವಿಕಿಪೀಡಿಯ ಇಂದ
(ಜಾರ್ಜ್ ಗಿಲ್ಬರ್ಟ್ ಸ್ಕಾಟ್ ಇಂದ ಪುನರ್ನಿರ್ದೇಶಿತ)
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Sir George Gilbert Scott
George Gilbert Scott.jpg
Sir George Gilbert Scott
ಜನ್ಮನಾಮ(1811-07-13)13 ಜುಲೈ 1811ಪದವಿನ್ಯಾಸ ದೋಷ: ಗುರುತಿಸಲಾಗದ ವಿರಾಮ ಚಿಹ್ನೆ"೨".
ಮರಣ27 March 1878(1878-03-27) (aged 66)
39 Court field Gardens, South Kensington, London
ವೃತ್ತಿArchitect
ಪುರಸ್ಕಾರಗಳುRoyal Gold Medal (1859)
BuildingsWakefield Cathedral
Albert Memorial
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Midland Grand Hotel, St Pancras railway station
Main building of the University of Glasgow
St Mary's Cathedral, Glasgow
St Mary's Cathedral, Edinburgh (Episcopal)
King's College London Chapel

ಸರ್ ಜಾರ್ಜ್ ಗಿಲ್ಬರ್ಟ್ ಸ್ಕಾಟ್, [೧] ಒಬ್ಬ ಹೆಸರಾಂತ 'ವಿಕ್ಟೋರಿಯನ್ ಯುಗದಕಾಲ'ದ ಇಂಗ್ಲೀಷ್ ವಾಸ್ತು ಶಿಲ್ಪಿ. ಜಾರ್ಜ್ ಗಿಲ್ಬರ್ಟ್ ಸ್ಕಾಟ್ ರವರು ಸನ್, ೧೮೬೬ ರಲ್ಲಿ, ಆಗಿನ ಬೊಂಬಾಯಿನಗರದ ವಿಶ್ವವಿದ್ಯಾಲಯದ ಕಾನ್ವೊಕೇಶನ್ ಹಾಲ್ ಹಾಗೂ ಪ್ರಖ್ಯಾತ ರಾಜಾಬಾಯಿ ಟವರ್ ನ್ನು, ಮತ್ತು ಹಾರ್ನಿಮನ್ ಸರ್ಕಲ್ ನ ಹತ್ತಿರದಲ್ಲಿರುವ 'ಸೇಂಟ್ ಥಾಮಸ್ ಕೆಥೆಡ್ರಲ್' ನ 'ಹೊರಾಂಗಣದ ನೀರಿನ ಚಿಲುಮೆ'ಯನ್ನೂ ನಿರ್ಮಿಸಿದ ಮಹಾವಾಸ್ತುಶಿಲ್ಪಿ. ಭಾರತದಲ್ಲಿ ಅವರು ಹೆಚ್ಚು ಕೆಲಸಮಾಡಲಾಗಲಿಲ್ಲ. ಬ್ರಿಟನ ದೇಶದ ಮಹಾನ್ ಮುತ್ಸದ್ದಿ ಶಿಲ್ಪಕಾರ. ಜಾರ್ಜ್, ಹೆಚ್ಚಾಗಿ ಕಟ್ಟಡಗಳ ಸಂರಚನೆ, ದುರಸ್ತಿ, ನಿರ್ಮಾಣದ ಕೆಲಸಗಳು, ಚರ್ಚ್ ಗಳು, ಸುಂದರವಾದ ಕ್ಯಾಥೆಡ್ರೆಲ್ ಗಳು, ಮತ್ತು ಕಾರ್ಯಸೌಧಗಳನ್ನು ನಿರ್ಮಿಸಿ, ವಿಶಿಷ್ಠ ದಾಖಲೆಗಳನ್ನು ಸೃಷ್ಟಿಸಿದ್ದಾರೆ. ಅವರು ಸುಮಾರು ೮೦೦ ಕ್ಕಿಂತಾ ಮಿಗಿಲಾದ ಭವ್ಯ ಭವನಗಳನ್ನು ನಿರ್ಮಿಸಿದ್ದಾರೆ. ಇಲ್ಲವೇ ಅವುಗಳನ್ನು ತಮ್ಮ ಅನುಪಮ ಕಲಾಗರಿಮೆಯಿಂದ ಸುಧಾರಿಸಿದ್ದಾರೆ.

ಹಲವಾರು ಕಟ್ಟಡ,ಭವನಗಳ ಮಹಾಪೂರ[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

ಖಾಸಗಿ ಮಹಲ್ ಗಳು, ಹಾಗೂ ಸೌಧಗಳು[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • Workhouse in Winslow, Buckinghamshire (1835)
  • Workhouses (1836) in: Amesbury, Wiltshire; Buckingham, Buckinghamshire; Kettering, Northamptonshire;
  • Northampton, Northamptonshire; Oundle, Northamptonshire; Tiverton, Devon; Totnes, Devon; Towcester,
  • Northamptonshire; Williton, Somerset.
  • Workhouse in Guildford, Surrey (1836–38)
  • Workhouses (1837) in: Bideford, Devon; Boston, Lincolnshire; Clutton, Somerset; Flax Bourton, Somerset;
  • Gloucester, Gloucestershire; Liskeard, Cornwall; Newton Abbot, Devon; Hundleby, Lincolnshire; Tavistock, Devon
  • The workhouse in Loughborough, Leicestershire (1837–38)
  • Workhouses (1838) in: Amersham, Buckinghamshire; Belper, Derbyshire; Great Dunmow, Essex; Lichfield,
  • Staffordshire; Mere, Wiltshire; Penzance, Cornwall; Redruth, Cornwall
  • Workhouse (1838) Williton, Somerset and 'sister design Witham, Essex
  • Workhouses (1839) in: Billericay, Essex; Bedworth, Warwickshire; Edmonton, London; Louth, Lincolnshire;
  • Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire; Old Windsor, Berkshire; St Austell, Cornwall; Uttoxeter, Staffordshire
  • Buckingham Gaol extension and alterations (1839) in: Buckingham, Buckinghamshire
  • The workhouse in Lutterworth, Leicestershire (1839–40)
  • School and Master's House, Hartshill, Stoke on Trent (1840)
  • Infant Orphan Asylum, Wanstead, Essex (1841–43)
  • Martyrs' Memorial, Oxford (1841–43)
  • Reading Gaol, Berkshire (1842–44)
  • Lunatic Asylum, Shelton, Shropshire (1843)
  • The workhouse, Macclesfield, Cheshire (1843)
  • Lunatic Asylum, Clifton, York (1845)
  • Lunatic Asylum, Wells, Somerset (1845)
  • Astbury School and Masters House Congleton (1848)
  • Christ Church School, Alsager, Cheshire (1848)[7]
  • Brighton College, Sussex (1848–1866)
  • Grammar School, Sandbach, Cheshire (1849)
  • School, Trefnant, Denbighshire (c. 1855)
  • School, Tysoe, Warwickshire (1856)
  • Crimea War Memorial, Westminster School, Broad Sanctuary, Westminster (1858)
  • School, Ashley, Northamptonshire (1858)
  • The Vaughan Library, Harrow School, Middlesex (1861–63)
  • Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Whitehall, London (1861–1868)
  • Preston Town Hall, Lancashire (1862–67), destroyed by fire in 1947
  • Glasgow University's main building (1870)
  • Old Schools, Cambridge (1864–67)
  • Leeds General Infirmary (1864–67)
  • the Albert Memorial, London (1864–72); in the podium frieze, one of the images of architects, sculpted by John Birnie Philip shows Scott himself.
  • St Mary's Church, Shackleford, Surrey (1865)
  • Midland Grand Hotel, St Pancras Station, London (1865)

ಸಾರ್ವಜನಿಕ ಕಟ್ಟಡಗಳ ನಿರ್ಮಾಣ ಕಾರ್ಯ[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • McManus Galleries - formerly the Albert Institute, Dundee

(1865–69)

  • The School, Great Dunmow, Essex (1866)
  • Brill Swimming Baths, Brighton (1866–69) demolished 1929
  • Clifton Hampden Bridge, Oxfordshire (1867)
  • Hall Cross School's library in Doncaster (1868)
  • Market Cross, Helmsley, Yorkshire (1869)
  • School Nocton, Lincolnshire (1869)
  • Extension Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford (1869–71)
  • Lincoln's Inn, London, Library extension (1870–72), New Chambers Block A (1873) and New Chambers Block B (1876–78)

the main building of the new campus of the University of Glasgow (1870), often called the "Gilbert Scott Building" in his honour.

  • Savernake Hospital, Wiltshire (1871–72)
  • The Great Hall, Bombay University (1875)
  • The Clarkson Memorial in Wisbech. Scott first put forward designs in 1875, but work did not start until 1880.
  • The eventual design was a slightly altered version of Scott's original design.

ಗೃಹಗಳು ಮತ್ತು ಭವ್ಯ ಸೌಧಗಳು[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • Vicarage, Wappenham, Northamptonshire (1833)
  • 16 High Street, Chesham, Buckinghamshire (1835)
  • Vicarage, Dinton, Buckinghamshire (1836)
  • Rectory, Weston Turville, Buckinghamshire (1838)
  • Parsonage, Blakesley, Northamptonshire (1839)
  • Parsonage, Hartshill, Stoke on Trent (1840)
  • Seaman's Houses, Whitby, Yorkshire (1842)
  • Rectory, Teffont Evias, Wiltshire (1842)
  • Workers Houses, Hartshill, Stoke on Trent (1842–48)
  • Parsonage, Clifton Hampden, Oxfordshire (1843–46)
  • Parsonage, Barnet, Hertford (1845)
  • Parsonage, St. Mark's, Swindon (c. 1846)
  • Parsonage, Wembley, Middlesex (1846)
  • Parsonage, Weeton, North Yorkshire (c. 1852)
  • Houses Broad Sanctuary, Westminster (1852–54)
  • Parsonage, Trefnant, Denbighshire (c. 1855)
  • Parsonage, St. Mary's, Stoke Newington, London (c. 1855)
  • All Souls' Vicarage, Halifax, Yorkshire (c. 1856)
  • Cottages, Ilam, Staffordshire (c. 1857)
  • Almshouses, Hartshill, Stoke on Trent (1857)
  • Lanhydrock House, near Bodmin, Cornwall (1857) an Elizabethan mansion rebuilt after a fire, formal gardens assisted by Richard Coad
  • Parsonage, Kilkhampton, Cornwall (c. 1858)
  • Walton Hall, Warwickshire (1858)
  • Parsonage, Ashley, Northamptonshire (1858)
  • Parsonage, Bridge, Kent (c. 1859)
  • Vicarage, Ranmore Common, Surrey (c. 1859)
  • Kelham Hall, Nottinghamshire (1859–62)
  • Workers' housing at Akroydon, Halifax (1859)
  • Lee Priory, Littlebourne, Kent, alterations and additions (1860–63) demolished
  • Rectory, Higham, Forest Heath, Suffolk (c. 1861)
  • Kingston Grange, Kingston St Mary, Somerset for Mr Perkins (c. 1861)
  • Parsonage, St. Andrew's, Leicester (c. 1861)
  • Hartland Abbey (c. 1861) supervised by Richard Coad, built by Pulsman of Barnstaple
  • Hafodunos, Llangernyw, North Wales (1861–1866)
  • Nos 1,3 & 3a Dean's Yard, Westminster (1862)
  • Parsonage, Leith, Midlothian (1862)
  • Two lodge houses at Great Barr Hall, near Birmingham (pre-1863)
  • The Master's House, St John's College, Cambridge (1863)
  • Parsonage, Christ Church, Ottershaw, Surrey (c. 1864)
  • Parsonage, St. Luke's, Weaste, Lancashire (c. 1865)
  • Schools Master's House, Ashley, Northamptonshire (1865)
  • Almshouses, Winchcombe, Gloucestershire (1865)
  • Rectory, Tydd St Giles, Cambridgeshire (1868)
  • Parsonage, Mirfield, Yorkshire (1869)
  • Brownsover Hall, Warwickshire, date uncertain (c. 1870)
  • Polwhele House, Truro, Cornwall, additions (c. 1870)
  • Vicarage, Hillesden, Buckinghamshire (1871)
  • St Mary's Homes, Godstone (1872)
  • Parsonage, St. Michael's, New Southgate, Middlesex (c. 1874)
  • Parsonage, St. Saviour's, Leicester (1875)
  • Parsonage, Fulney, Lincolnshire (1877–80)

ಚರ್ಚ್ ಗಳು[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • St Giles' Church, Camberwell, London (1841–44)
  • St Mary's Church, Hanwell, Middlesex (1841)[9]
  • Holy Trinity Church, Hartshill, Stoke on Trent (1842)
  • St. John the Baptist Church, Beeston, Nottinghamshire (1842)
  • St. John the Baptist's Church, Leenside, Nottingham (1843–44)
  • Holy Trinity Church, Halstead, Essex (1843–44)
  • St Mark's Church, Worsley, Greater Manchester (1844-6)
  • St Mark's Church, Swindon, (1845)
  • St Nikolai, Hamburg (1845–80), the tallest building in the world from 1874 to 1876.
  • The Cathedral of St John the Baptist in St John's, Newfoundland (1847, construction overseen by his assistant William Hay)
  • St Gregory's Church, Canterbury (1848)
  • St Paul's Church, Canterbury (1848)
  • Emmanuel Church, Forest Gate, London (1852)
  • St John's Church, Eastnor, Herefordshire Church (1852) and Monument (1855)[10]
  • All Saints Church, Watford, Hertfordshire (1853)
  • All Saints Church, Sherbourne, Warwick (1854)
  • Holy Trinity Church, Coventry (1854)
  • St. John's Church, Bilton, Harrogate (1855)
  • St Mary, Hayes, Kent (alterations) (1856-62)
  • St Peter, Bushley, Worcestershire. Roof (1856)[11]
  • St Mary, Tedstone Delamere, Herefordshire Chancel (1856-7)[12]
  • St George's Minster, Doncaster (1858)
  • St Matthias Church, Richmond, London (1858)
  • All Souls Church, Halifax (1859)
  • St. Thomas's Church, Huddersfield (1859)
  • St Michael and All Angels Church, Leafield, Oxfordshire (1859-60)[13]
  • St Matthew's Church, Stretton, Cheshire (1859 and 1867)
  • St Matthew's Church. Yiewsley, Hillingdon (1859)
  • St Mary, Edvin Loach, Herefordshire (?1860)[14]
  • St Stephen's Church, Higham Green, Suffolk (1861)
  • The Hereford Screen, (1862), choir screen from Hereford Cathedral, now restored and in the Victoria and Albert Museum, London
  • St Mary's Church, Shackleford, Surrey (1865)
  • St Denys Church, Southampton (1868)
  • St James' Church, Cradley, Herefordshire Chancel (1868)[15]
  • All Saints church, Ryde, Isle of Wight (1872)
  • St. Thomas of Canterbury Church, Chester (1872)
  • St Peter and St Paul, Priory Church Leominster, Herefordshire Quatrefoil piers (1872-9).[16]
  • The Cathedral Church of St Mary the Virgin, Glasgow (1873)
  • Christ Church, Bradford-on-Avon (additions) (1875)
  • All Souls, Blackman Lane, Leeds (1879) - his last work, a large lancet-style church
  • St Mary The Virgin, Speldhurst Kent (1879)
  • St. Michael and St. George Cathedral, Grahamstown (tower and spire completed in 1879)
  • St Paul's Church, Fulney, Spalding, Lincolnshire (completed 1880)[17]
  • Christ Church Cathedral, Christchurch, New Zealand
  • Exeter College Chapel, Oxford
  • The chapel of St John's College, Cambridge is characteristic of Scott's many church designs
  • St John The Baptist Church, Busbridge, Godalming, Surrey
  • St Mary's Cathedral, Edinburgh (Episcopal)
  • St Mary's Church, Mirfield, West Yorkshire
  • St Mary, Timsbury, Somerset[18]
  • St Michael, Stourport-on-Severn, Worcestershire designed (1875) started (1881) by son John Oldrid Scott, never finished and partly demolished.[19]
  • St Nicholas's, Newport, Lincoln, Lincolnshire.
  • St Peter's Church, Elworth, Cheshire.
  • Sandbach School, Sandbach, Cheshire.
  • Christ The Saviour, Ealing, London
  • Christ Church, Ramsgate, Kent
  • Christ Church, Swindon, Wiltshire

ಹಳೆಯ ಕಟ್ಟಡ ಇಲ್ಲವೇ ಸೌಧಗಳ ಪುನರ್ಸ್ಥಾಪನಾ ಕಾರ್ಯ[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • Chantry Chapel of St Mary the Virgin, Wakefield (1842)
  • St. Mary's Church, Temple Balsall (1849)
  • St Mary's Church, Nottingham (1850s)
  • Church of St Editha, Tamworth, Staffordshire (1850s)
  • Church of St. Mary Magdalene, Newark-on-Trent, Nottinghamshire (1850s)
  • All Saints' Church, Oakham (1857–1858)
  • St John the Baptist Church, Aconbury, Herefordshire (1863)[20]
  • St John the Baptist Church, Bromsgrove, Worcestershire (1858)[21]
  • St Peter and St Paul, Buckingham Church Buckingham, (1862–1878) Additions to the original 1780 church including chancel, buttresses, porch, roof and nave alterations. Work continued over the years by his second son John Oldrid * Scott and grandson Charles Marriott Oldrid Scott.[22]
  • St John the Baptist Church, Upton Bishop, Herefordshire Restoration (1862)[23]
  • St Leonard, Yarpole, Herefordshire Restoration of chancel(1864)[24]
  • St. Margaret's, Westminster (1877–78)
  • St Mary's Island church on the Orchardleigh Estate, Somerset (1878) [25]
  • St Peter's Church, Prestbury, Cheshire (1879–1881)
  • St Andrews Parish Church, Spratton, Northamptonshire

Church of St Mary the Less, Cambridge

ಭವ್ಯ ಕೆಥೆಡ್ರೆಲ್ ಗಳು[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • Ely Cathedral (1847–78)
  • Gloucester Cathedral (1854–76)
  • Peterborough Cathedral (1855–60)
  • Coventry Cathedral (1855–57)
  • Hereford Cathedral east side (1855–63)
  • Lichfield Cathedral (1855–61) & (1877–81)
  • Wakefield Cathedral(1858–60) (1865–69), & (1872-4)
  • Durham Cathedral (1859) & (1874–76)
  • Brecon Cathedral (1860–62) & (1872–75)
  • Canterbury Cathedral (1860) & (1877–80)
  • Chichester Cathedral (1861–67) & (1872)
  • Ripon Cathedral (1862–72)
  • St Edmundsbury Cathedral (1863–64) & (1867–69)
  • Worcester Cathedral (1863–64) (1868) & (1874)
  • St David's Cathedral, St Davids, Wales (1864–76)
  • Salisbury Cathedral (1865–71)
  • St Asaph Cathedral (1866–69) & (1871)
  • Newcastle Cathedral (1867–71) & (1872–76)
  • Chester Cathedral (1868–75)
  • Exeter Cathedral (1869–70)
  • Christ Church, Oxford east wall of choir (1870–72) & (1874–76)
  • Rochester Cathedral (1871–74)
  • St Albans Cathedral (1871–80)
  • Manchester Cathedral (c. 1872)
  • Winchester Cathedral (1875)
  • Additionally Scott designed the Mason and Dixon monument in York Minster (1860), prepared plans for the restoration of Bristol Cathedral in 1859 and Norwich Cathedral in 1860 neither of which resulted in a commission, and designed a pulpit for Lincoln Cathedral in 1863.
  • Abbeys, Priories and Collegiate Churches[27]
  • St. Mary's, Stafford (1842–45)
  • Beverley Minster (1844) (1866–68) & (1877)
  • Westminster Abbey (1848–78)
  • Dorchester Abbey (1858), (1862) & (1874)
  • King's College Chapel, Cambridge (1859–63) & (1875)
  • Bath Abbey (1860–77)
  • Pershore Abbey (1861–64) & (1867)
  • St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle (1863)
  • Great Malvern Priory (c.1864)
  • Boxgrove Priory (1864–67)
  • Priory Church, Leominster (1864–66) & (1876–78)
  • Monkwearmouth-Jarrow Abbey, County Durham (1865–66)
  • Selby Abbey (1872–74)
  • Tewkesbury Abbey (1874–79)
  • Bridlington Priory (1875–80)

ಉಲ್ಲೇಖಗಳು[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  1. 'Sir George Gilbert Scott'