ಟೆಂಪ್ಲೇಟು:Cite web

ವಿಕಿಪೀಡಿಯ ಇಂದ
ಇಲ್ಲಿಗೆ ಹೋಗು: ಸಂಚರಣೆ, ಹುಡುಕು
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Citation Style 1 templates
{{Cite arXiv}} arXiv preprint
{{Cite AV media}} audio and visual
{{Cite AV media notes}} audio and visual liner notes
{{Cite book}} books
{{Cite conference}} conference papers
{{Cite DVD notes}} DVD liner notes
{{Cite encyclopedia}} edited collections
{{Cite episode}} radio or television episodes
{{Cite interview}} interviews
{{Cite journal}} magazines, journals, academic papers
{{Cite mailing list}} public mailing lists
{{Cite map}} maps
{{Cite music release notes}} audio and video liner notes
{{Cite news}} news articles
{{Cite newsgroup}} online newsgroups
{{Cite podcast}} audio or video podcast
{{Cite press release}} press releases
{{Cite serial}} audio or video serials
{{Cite sign}} signs, plaques
{{Cite speech}} speeches
{{Cite techreport}} technical reports
{{Cite thesis}} theses
{{Cite web}} web sources

This Citation Style 1 template is used to create citations for web sources that are not characterized by another CS1 template.

Usage[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Copy a blank version to use. All parameter names must be in lowercase. Use the "|" (pipe) character between each parameter. Delete unused parameters to avoid clutter in the edit window. Some samples may include the current date. If the date is not current, then purge the page.

Most commonly used parameters in horizontal format

For references with author credit

{{cite web |url= |title= |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=}}

For references without author credit

{{cite web |url= |title= |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=}}
Full parameter set in horizontal format
{{cite web |url= |title= |last= |first= |author= |authorlink= |last2= |first2= |author2= |authorlink2= |date= |month= |year= |editor-last= |editor-first= |editor= |editor-link= |editor1-last= |editor1-first= |editor1-link= |editor2-last= |editor2-first= |editor2-link= |editors= |website= |series= |publisher= |location= |page= |pages= |at= |language= |trans_title= |type= |format= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |doi= |doi_brokendate= |isbn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |osti= |pmc= |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |deadurl= |accessdate= |quote= |ref= |separator= |postscript= |subscription= |registration=}}
Full parameter set in vertical format
Vertical list Prerequisites Brief instructions / notes
{{cite web
| url          =
| title        =
| last1        =
| first1       =
| authorlink1  =
| last2        =
| first2       =
| authorlink2  =
| date         =
| month        =
| year         =
| editor-last  =
| editor-first =
| editor       =
| editor-link  =
| editor1-last =
| editor1-first=
| editor1-link =
| editor2-last =
| editor2-first=
| editor2-link =
| editors      =
| website      =
| series       =
| publisher    =
| location     =
| page         =
| pages        =
| at           =
| language     =
| trans_title  =
| type         =
| format       =
| arxiv        =
| asin         =
| bibcode      =
| doi          =
| doi_brokendate    =
| isbn         =
| issn         =
| jfm          =
| jstor        =
| lccn         =
| mr           =
| oclc         =
| ol           =
| osti         =
| pmc          =
| pmid         =
| rfc          =
| ssrn         =
| zbl          =
| id           =
| archiveurl   =
| archivedate  =
| deadurl      =
| accessdate   =
| quote        =
| ref          =
| separator    =
| postscript   =
| subscription =
| registration =
}}
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  • If a field name is listed in the Prerequisites column it is a prerequisite for the field to the left.
Most commonly used parameters in vertical format
{{cite web
| url        =
| title      =
| last       =
| first      =
| date       =
| website    =
| publisher  =
| accessdate =
}}

Examples[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |publisher = Open Publishing |date = 30 April 2005 |website = Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
Doe, John (30 April 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
  • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |date = 30 April 2005 |website = Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
Doe, John (30 April 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Encyclopedia of Things. Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
  • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |date = 30 April 2005 |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
Doe, John (30 April 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
  • {{cite web |url = http://www.example.org/ |title = My Favorite Things, Part II |last = Doe |first = John |accessdate= 6 July 2005 }}
Doe, John. "My Favorite Things, Part II". Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
"My Favorite Things, Part II". Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.nfl.com/rulebook/digestofrules |title=Digest of Rules |publisher=National Football League |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
"Digest of Rules". National Football League. Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
Using format
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.indiapost.gov.in/Pdf/Customs/List_of_Psychotropic_Substances.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |publisher=International Narcotics Control Board |format=PDF |accessdate=6 February 2014 }}
"List of psychotropic substances under international control" (PDF). International Narcotics Control Board. Retrieved 6 February 2014. 
Foreign language and translated title
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Honi soit qui mal y pense |last=Joliet |first=François |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=6 July 2005 |language=French |trans_title=Shame on those who think evil }}
Joliet, François (30 April 2005). "Honi soit qui mal y pense" [Shamed be he who thinks evil of it] (in French). Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
Using authorlink
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |authorlink=John Doe |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
Doe, John (30 April 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Our Favorite Things |last1=Doe |first1=John |last2=Smith |first2=Peter |last3=Smythe |first3=Jim |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
Doe, John; Smith, Peter; Smythe, Jim (30 April 2005). "Our Favorite Things". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. Retrieved 16 May 2006. 
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
"Index of Sharp Things". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. 30 April 2005. Retrieved 16 May 2006. 
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=6 July 2005}}
"Index of Sharp Things". Encyclopedia of Things. 30 April 2005. Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=6 July 2005}}
"Index of Sharp Things". 30 April 2005. Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 |language=Greek }}
"List of psychotropic substances under international control" (PDF) (in Greek). 30 April 2005. Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
Using "archiveurl" and "archivedate" (and optionally "deadurl") for webpages that have been archived
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 |archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20050907150136/http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |archivedate=7 September 2005 }}
"List of psychotropic substances under international control" (PDF). 30 April 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 September 2005. Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
  • {{cite web |url=http://joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi?archive=currnews&story=20060405-01shore.htm |title=Interview with Maggie Downs |date=31 March 2006 |publisher=The Desert Sun |archiveurl=http://72.14.207.104/search?q=cache:JAxf4v-pQmgJ:joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi%3Farchive%3Dcurrnews%26story%3D20060405-01shore.htm |archivedate=26 April 2006 |deadurl=no }}
"Interview with Maggie Downs". The Desert Sun. 31 March 2006. Archived from the original on 26 April 2006. 
  • {{Cite web |url=http://www.wunderground.com/global/stations/03772.html |title=London, United Kingdom Forecast : Weather Underground (weather and elevation at Heathrow Airport) |publisher=The Weather Underground, Inc. |accessdate=6 June 2008 | archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/5yo0HaAk7 |archivedate=19 May 2011| deadurl=no }}
"London, United Kingdom Forecast : Weather Underground (weather and elevation at Heathrow Airport)". The Weather Underground, Inc. Archived from the original on 19 May 2011. Retrieved 6 June 2008. 
Using quote
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.webexhibits.org/daylightsaving/c.html |title=Daylight saving time: rationale and original idea |website=WebExhibits |year=2008 |accessdate=27 September 2009 |quote=...&nbsp;Lord Balfour came forward with a unique concern: 'Supposing some unfortunate lady was confined with twins&nbsp;...' }}
"Daylight saving time: rationale and original idea". WebExhibits. 2008. Retrieved 27 September 2009. ... Lord Balfour came forward with a unique concern: 'Supposing some unfortunate lady was confined with twins ...' 

Parameters[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Syntax[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Nested parameters rely on their parent parameters:

  • parent
  • OR: parent2—may be used instead of parent
    • child—may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2—may be used instead of child (and is ignored if parent2 is not used)
Where aliases are listed, only one of the parameters may be defined; if multiple aliased parameters are defined, then only one will show.

By default, sets of fields are terminated with a period (.). This can be an issue when the last field uses an abbreviation or initial that ends with a period, as then two periods will display (..). The only solution is to not include the last period in the value for the set of fields.

COinS[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

This template embeds COinS metadata in the HTML output, allowing reference management software to retrieve bibliographic metadata. See: Wikipedia:COinS. As a general rule, only one data item per parameter. Do not include explanatory or alternate text:

  • Use |date=27 September 2007 not |date=27 September 2007 (print version 25 September)

Use of templates within the citation template, is generally discouraged as many of these templates will add a lot of extraneous HTML or CSS that will be rendered in the metadata. Also, HTML entities, for example &nbsp;, &ndash;, etc, should not be used in parameters that contribute to the metadata.

COinS metadata is created for these parameters:

  • |periodical=, |journal=, |newspaper=, |magazine=, |work=, |website=, |encyclopedia=, |encyclopaedia=, |dictionary=
  • |chapter=, |contribution=, |entry=, |article=, |section=
  • |title=
  • |publicationplace=, |publication-place=
  • |date=, |year=, |publicationdate=, |publication-date=
  • |series=
  • |volume=
  • |issue=, |number=
  • |page=, |pages=, |at=
  • |edition=
  • |publisher=, |distributor=, |institution=
  • |url=
  • |chapterurl=, |chapter-url=, |contributionurl=, |contribution-url=, |sectionurl=
  • |author#=, |Author#=, |authors#=, |author#-last=, |author-last#=, |last#=, |surname#=
  • any of the identifiers (|isbn=, |issn=, |doi=, |pmc=, etc)

Deprecated[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

The following parameters are deprecated. Their use will place the page into Category:Pages containing cite templates with deprecated parameters:

  • day · month: Use date to include the day, month and year.
  • coauthor · coauthors: Use last# / first# or author or authors

Description[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Authors[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • last: Surname of author. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: last1, author, authors, author1.
    • first: Given or first names of author, including title(s); for example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Aliases: first1. Requires last; first name will not display if last is empty.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use last1, first1 through lastn, firstn where n is any consecutive number for an unlimited number of authors (each firstn requires a corresponding lastn). By default, if nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and "et al." will show in place of the last author. See the display parameters to change. Aliases: author1 through authorn.
  • authorlink: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author—not the author's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: authorlink1, author-link, author1-link, author1link.
  • OR: for multiple authors, use authorlink1 through authorlinkn. Aliases: author1-link through authorn-link.
  • coauthors: (deprecated) Names of coauthors. Requires author, authors, or lastn Include coauthors in author or authors or use separate authorn or lastn/firstn to list coauthors.
  • others: To record other contributors to the work, such as Illustrated by John Smith or Translated by John Smith.
When using shortened footnotes or parenthetical referencing styles with templates, do not use multiple names in one field or else the anchor will not match the inline link.

Title[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • title: Title of source page on website; can be wikilinked to an existing Wikipedia article or url may be used to add an external link, but not both. Displays in quotes.
Titles containing certain characters will display and link incorrectly unless those characters are encoded.
newline [ ] |
space &#91; &#93; &#124;
  • trans_title: If the source cited is in a foreign language, an English translation of the title can be given here. The template will display this in square brackets after the work field and it will link to the url field, if used. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
This parameter is required and will generate an error if not defined. On errors, main, help and template pages are placed into Category:Articles with incorrect citation syntax. Set |template doc demo=true to disable categorization; mainly used for documentation where the error is demonstrated.
  • website: Title of website; may be wikilinked. Displays in italics. Aliases: work
  • type: Provides additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case. Displays in parentheses following the title. Examples: Thesis, Booklet, CD liner, Press release.
  • language: The language the source is written in, if not English. Displays in parentheses with "in" before the language name. Use the full language name or ISO 639-1 code; use of ISO 639-1 also adds appropriate language categorization; do not use icons or templates.

Date[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • date: Date of source being referenced. Can be full date (day, month, and year) or partial date (month and year, season and year, year). Use same format as other publication dates in the citations.[೧] Required when year is used to disambiguate {{sfn}} links to multiple-work citations by the same author in the same year.[more] Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and is enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher.
  • OR:
    • year: Year of source being referenced. Required with some types of {{sfn}} citations;[more] otherwise use date.
    • month: (deprecated) Name of the month or season of publication. Use date instead.
    • origyear: Original publication year; displays after the date or year. For clarity, please supply specifics. For example: |origyear=First published 1859 or |origyear=Composed 1904.
  1. Publication dates in references within an article should all have the same format. See: MOS:DATEUNIFY.

Publisher[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • publisher: Name of publisher; may be wikilinked if relevant. The publisher is the company that publishes the work being cited. Do not use the publisher parameter for the name of a work (e.g., a book, encyclopedia, newspaper, magazine, journal, website). Not normally used for periodicals. Corporate designations such as "Ltd", "Inc" or "GmbH" are not usually included. Omit where the publisher's name is substantially the same as the name of the work (for example, The New York Times Co. publishes The New York Times newspaper, so there is no reason to name the publisher). Displays after title.
  • place: Geographical place of publication; generally not wikilinked; omit when the name of the work includes the location; examples: The Boston Globe, The Times of India. Displays after the title; if work is defined, then location is enclosed in parentheses. Alias: location
  • publication-place: If any one of publication-place, place or location are defined, then the location shows after the title; if publication-place and place or location are defined, then place or location are shown before the title prefixed with "written at" and publication-place is shown after the title.
  • publication-date: Date of publication when different from the date the work was written. Displays only if year or date are defined and only if different, else publication-date is used and displayed as date. Use the same format as other dates in the article; do not wikilink. Follows publisher; if work is not defined, then publication-date is preceded by "published" and enclosed in parenthesis.

Series[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • series or version: When the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal where the issue numbering has restarted. Alias: agency.

In-source locations[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • page: The number of a single page in the source that supports the content. Use either |page= or |pages=, but not both. Displays preceded by p. unless |nopp=y.
  • OR: pages: A range of pages in the source that supports the content. Use either |page= or |pages=, but not both. Separate using an en dash (–); separate non-sequential pages with a comma (,); do not use to indicate the total number of pages in the source. Displays preceded by pp. unless |nopp=y. Hyphens are automatically converted to en dashes; if hyphens are appropriate, for example: pp. 3-1–3-15, use |at=.
    • nopp: Set to y to suppress the p. or pp. notations where this is inappropriate; for example, where |page=Front cover.
  • OR: at: For sources where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient. Overridden by |page= or |pages=. Use only one of |page=, |pages=, or |at=.
Examples: page (p.) or pages (pp.); section (sec.), column (col.), paragraph (para.); track; hours, minutes and seconds; act, scene, canto, book, part, folio, stanza, back cover, liner notes, indicia, colophon, dust jacket, verse.

URL[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • url: URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found. Cannot be used if title is wikilinked. If applicable, the link may point to the specific page(s) referenced. Remove spurious tracking parameters from URLs, e.g. #ixzz2rBr3aO94 or ?utm_source=google&utm_medium=...&utm_term=...&utm_campaign=.... Do not link to any commercial booksellers, such as Amazon.com. See: WP:PAGELINKS.
    • accessdate: Full date when original URL was accessed; use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations; requires url.[೧] Do not wikilink. Not required for web pages or linked documents that do not change; mainly for use of web pages that change frequently or have no publication date. Can be hidden or styled by registered editors.
    • archiveurl: The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the url becomes unavailable. Typically used to refer to services like WebCite (see: Wikipedia:Using WebCite) and Internet Archive (see: Wikipedia:Using the Wayback Machine); requires archivedate and url.
      • archivedate: Date when the original URL was archived; preceded by default text "archived from the original on". Use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations. This does not necessarily have to be the same format that was used for citing publication dates.[೧] Do not wikilink.
      • deadurl: When the URL is still live, but pre-emptively archived, then set |deadurl=no. This changes the display order with the title retaining the original link and the archive linked at the end.
    • template doc demo: The archive parameters will be error checked to ensure that all the required parameters are included, or else {{citation error}} is invoked. With errors, main, help and template pages are placed into Category:Articles with incorrect citation syntax. Set |template doc demo=true to disable categorization; mainly used for documentation where the error is demonstrated.
  • format: Format of the work referred to by url; for example: PDF, DOC, or XLS; displayed in parentheses after title. HTML is implied and should not be specified. Does not change the external link icon. Note: External link icons do not include alt text; thus, they do not add format information for the visually impaired.
URLs must begin with a supported URI scheme. http:// and https:// will be supported by all browsers; however, ftp://, gopher://, irc://, ircs://, mailto: and news: will require a plug-in or an external application and should normally be avoided. IPv6 host-names are currently not supported.
If URLs in citation template parameters contain certain characters, then they will not display and link correctly. Those characters need to be percent-encoded. For example, a space must be replaced by %20. To encode the URL, replace the following characters with:
sp " ' < > [ ] | }
 %20  %22  %27  %3c  %3e  %5b  %5d  %7c  %7d
Single apostrophes do not need to be encoded; however, unencoded multiples will be parsed as italic or bold markup. Single curly closing braces also do not need to be encoded; however, an unencoded pair will be parsed as the double closing braces for the template transclusion.
  1. ೧.೦ ೧.೧ Accessdate and archivedate in references should all have the same format – either the format used for publication dates, or YYYY-MM-DD. See: MOS:DATEUNIFY.

Anchor[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Identifiers[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • id: A unique identifier, used where none of the specialized identifiers are applicable; wikilink or use a template as applicable.

These identifiers create links and are designed to accept a single value. Using multiple values or other text will break the link and/or invalidate the identifier.

Quote[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • quote: Relevant text quoted from the source. Displays enclosed in quotes. When supplied, the citation terminator (a period by default) is suppressed, so the quote needs to include terminating punctuation.

Editors[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • editor-last: Surname of editor. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use editor-last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: editor1-last, editor, editors, editorn.
    • editor-first: Given or first names of editor, including title(s); example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Aliases: editor1-first.
    • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-last, editor1-first through editorn-last, editorn-first.
  • editor-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor—not the editor's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: editor1-link.
  • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-link through editorn-link.
Display:
If authors: Authors are first, followed by the included work, then "In" and the editors, then the main work.
If no authors: Editors appear before the included work; a single editor is followed by "ed."; multiple editors are followed by "eds."; exactly four editors will show three editors followed by "et al., eds."

Laysummary[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • layurl: URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; the URL title is set to "Lay summary". Aliases: laysummary.
    • laysource: Name of the source of the laysummary. Displays in italics and preceded by an endash.
    • laydate: Date of the summary. Displays in parentheses.

Display options[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • author-mask: Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text. Set author-mask to a numeric value n to set the dash n em spaces wide; set author-mask to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, "with". You must still include the values for all authors for metadata purposes. Primarily intended for use with bibliography styles where multiple works by a single author are listed sequentially. Do not use in a list generated by {{reflist}}, <references /> or similar as there is no control of the order in which references are displayed.
  • author-name-separator: Controls the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space (, ); if the parameter is present, but blank, separator punctuation is set to the default; a space must be encoded as &#32;.
  • author-separator: Controls the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space (; ); if the parameter is present, but blank, separator punctuation is set to the default; a space must be encoded as &#32;.
  • display-authors: Controls the number of author names that are displayed when a citation is published. To change the displayed number of authors, set display-authors to the desired number. For example, |display-authors=2 will display only the first two authors in a citation. By default, all authors are displayed except when there are nine authors, then the author list in the citation is truncated to eight authors, followed by "et al." This exception mimics the older version of the template for compatibility. If a citation contains nine author names and one wishes all nine author names to display, "et al." may be suppressed by setting |display-authors=9. Aliases: displayauthors.
  • display-editors: Controls the number of editor names that are displayed when a citation is published. To change the displayed number of editors, set display-editors to the desired number. For example, |display-editors=2 will display only the first two editors in a citation. By default, all editors are displayed except when there are four editors, then the editor list in the citation is truncated to three editors, followed by "et al." This exception mimics the older version of the template for compatibility. If a citation contains four editor names and one wishes all four editor names to display, "et al." may be suppressed by setting |display-editors=4. Aliases: displayeditors.
  • lastauthoramp: Switches the separator between the last two names of the author list to space ampersand space ( & ) when set to any value. Example: |lastauthoramp=yes
  • postscript: Controls the closing punctuation for a citation; defaults to a period (.); for no terminating punctuation, specify |postscript=none – leaving |postscript= empty has the same effect but is ambiguous. Ignored if quote is defined.
  • separator: Controls the punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc. Defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present, but blank, separator punctuation is set to the default; a space must be encoded as &#32;.

Subscription or registration required[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Main article: WP:PAYWALL

These parameters add a link note to the end of the citation:

  • registration: For online sources that require registration, set |registration=yes; superseded by subscription if both are set.
  • subscription: For online sources that require a subscription, set |subscription=yes; supersedes registration if both are set.

Template data[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools.

Cite web

Formats a citation to a website using the provided information such as URL and title. Used only for sources that are not correctly described by the specific citation templates for books, journals, news sources, etc.

Template parameters
ಪರಿಮಿತಿ ವಿವರ ನಮೂನೆ ಸ್ಥಾನಮಾನ
URL url

The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string required
Source title title

The title of the source page on the website; will display with quotation marks added

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string required
Source date date

Full date when the source was published; if unknown, use accessdate instead; do not wikilink

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
URL access date accessdate

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Website title websitework

Title of the website; may be wikilinked; will display in italics

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Publisher publisher

Name of the publisher

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name lastlast1authorauthor1authors

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name firstfirst1

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link authorlinkauthorlink1author-linkauthor1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
wiki-page-name ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name last2author2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name first2

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link authorlink2author2-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
wiki-page-name ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Others others

Used to record other (non-author) contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Month of publication month

Name of the month of publication; do not wikilink; use 'date' instead, if day of month is also known

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Year of publication year

Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Original year origyear

Original year of publication; provide specifics

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor last name editor-last

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-last', 'editor', and 'editors'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor first name editor-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor link editor-linkeditor1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
wiki-page-name ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Series identifier series

Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Location of publication location

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Place of publication publication-place

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Publication date publication-date

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Page page

Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Pages pages

Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
No pp nopp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
At at

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Language language

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translated title trans_title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Type type

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Format format

Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
arXiv identifier arxiv

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
AZIN asin

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
AZIN TLD asin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Bibcode bibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
DOI doi

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
DOI broken date doi_brokendate

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
ISBN isbn

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
ISSN issn

International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
jfm code jfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
JSTOR jstor

JSTOR identifier

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
LCCN lccn

Library of Congress Control Number

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
MR mr

Mathematical Reviews identifier

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
OCLC oclc

Online Computer Library Center number

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
OL ol

Open Library identifier

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
OSTI osti

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
PMC pmc

PubMed Center article number

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
PMID pmid

PubMed Unique Identifier

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
RFC rfc

Request for Comments number

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
SSRN ssrn

Social Science Research Network

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Zbl zbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
id id

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Archive URL archiveurl

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Archive date archivedate

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Dead URL deadurl

If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Quote quote

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Ref ref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv template

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Separator separator

The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc.; a space must be encoded as do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
.
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Postscript postscript

The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
.
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Lay URL layurl

URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Lay source laysource

Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Lay date laydate

Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author mask author-mask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name last3author3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name first3

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link authorlink3author3-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
wiki-page-name ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name last4author4

The surname of the forth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name first4

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the forth author; don't wikilink.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link authorlink4author4-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the forth author.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
wiki-page-name ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name last5author5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name first5

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link authorlink5author5-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
wiki-page-name ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name last6author6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name first6author6-link

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link authorlink6

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
wiki-page-name ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name last7author7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name first7

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link authorlink7author7-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
wiki-page-name ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name last8author8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name first8

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link authorlink8author8-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
wiki-page-name ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name last9author9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name first9

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
line ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link authorlink9author9-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
wiki-page-name ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author name separator author-name-separator

Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
,
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author separator author-separator

Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
;
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Display authors display-authorsdisplayauthors

Number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used; default is to do so after 8 of 9 are listed.

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
8
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
number ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last author ampersand lastauthoramp

When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Subscription required subscription

When set to yes, displays “(subscription required)” to indicate an online source that requires subscription

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Registration required registration

When set to yes, displays “(registration required)” to indicate an online source that requires registration

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Edition edition

Specify the edition or revision of the source, when applicable. For example: '2nd' or '5.1'. What you supply here is suffixed by ' ed.'

ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ
ಖಾಲಿ
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ

See also[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

This template produces COinS metadata; see COinS in Wikipedia for background information.