ಟೆಂಪ್ಲೇಟು:Cite book

ವಿಕಿಪೀಡಿಯ ಇಂದ
ಇಲ್ಲಿಗೆ ಹೋಗು: ಸಂಚರಣೆ, ಹುಡುಕು
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Citation Style 1 templates
{{Cite arXiv}} arXiv preprint
{{Cite AV media}} audio and visual
{{Cite AV media notes}} audio and visual liner notes
{{Cite book}} books
{{Cite conference}} conference papers
{{Cite DVD notes}} DVD liner notes
{{Cite encyclopedia}} edited collections
{{Cite episode}} radio or television episodes
{{Cite interview}} interviews
{{Cite journal}} magazines, journals, academic papers
{{Cite mailing list}} public mailing lists
{{Cite map}} maps
{{Cite music release notes}} audio and video liner notes
{{Cite news}} news articles
{{Cite newsgroup}} online newsgroups
{{Cite podcast}} audio or video podcast
{{Cite press release}} press releases
{{Cite serial}} audio or video serials
{{Cite sign}} signs, plaques
{{Cite speech}} speeches
{{Cite techreport}} technical reports
{{Cite thesis}} theses
{{Cite web}} web sources

This Citation Style 1 template is used to create citations for books. When citing an article in a periodical, use {{cite journal}}. For edited collections, use {{cite encyclopedia}}.

Usage[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Copy a blank version to use. All parameter names must be in lowercase. Use the "|" (pipe) character between each parameter. Delete unused parameters to avoid clutter in the edit window. Some samples may include the current date. If the date is not current, then purge the page.


Most commonly used parameters in horizontal format
To cite a book with a credited author

{{cite book |last= |first= |date= |title= |url= |location= |publisher= |pages= |isbn= |accessdate= }}

To cite a book with no credited author

{{cite book |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |title= |url= |location= |publisher= |pages= |date= |isbn= |accessdate= }}

To cite an online book that has been archived

{{cite book |last= |first= |date= |title= |url= |deadurl= |location= |publisher= |isbn= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |accessdate= }}

To cite a book written in a foreign language

{{cite book |last= |first= |date= |title= |trans_title= |url= |language= |location= |publisher= |isbn= |accessdate= }}

To cite and quote an archived, two-author, foreign language book re-published as a PDF on an information aggregation service requiring a subscription

{{cite book |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |title= |trans_title= |url= |deadurl= |format= |language= |location= |publisher= |isbn= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |accessdate= |via= |subscription= |quote= }}


Full parameter set in horizontal format

{{cite book |last1= |first1= |author-link1= |last2= |first2= |author-link2= |last3= |first3= |author-link3= |last4= |first4= |author-link4= |last5= |first5= |author-link5= |display-authors= |author-mask= |author-name-separator= |author-separator= |lastauthoramp= |date= |year= |origyear= |chapter= |trans_chapter= |chapterurl= |editor1-last= |editor1-first= |editor1-link= |editor2-last= |editor2-first= |editor2-link= |editor3-last= |editor3-first= |editor3-link= |editor4-last= |editor4-first= |editor4-link= |editor5-last= |editor5-first= |editor5-link= |display-editors= |title= |trans_title= |url= |deadurl= |format= |type= |series= |language= |volume= |issue= |others= |edition= |location= |publisher= |publication-date= |page= |pages= |at= |nopp= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |doi= |doi_brokendate= |isbn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |osti= |pmc= |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |accessdate= |via= |registration= |subscription= |laysummary= |laysource= |laydate= |quote= |separator= |postscript= |ref= }}


Full parameter set in vertical format
Vertical list Prerequisites Brief instructions / notes
{{cite book
| last1                 = 
| first1                = 
| author-link1          = 
| last2                 = 
| first2                = 
| author-link2          = 
| last3                 = 
| first3                = 
| author-link3          = 
| last4                 = 
| first4                = 
| author-link4          = 
| last5                 = 
| first5                = 
| author-link5          = 
| display-authors       = 
| author-mask           = 
| author-name-separator = 
| author-separator      = 
| lastauthoramp         = 
| date                  = 
| year                  = 
| origyear              = 
| chapter               = 
| trans_chapter         = 
| chapterurl            = 
| editor1-last          = 
| editor1-first         = 
| editor1-link          = 
| editor2-last          = 
| editor2-first         = 
| editor2-link          = 
| editor3-last          = 
| editor3-first         = 
| editor3-link          = 
| editor4-last          = 
| editor4-first         = 
| editor4-link          = 
| editor5-last          = 
| editor5-first         = 
| editor5-link          = 
| display-editors       = 
| title                 = 
| trans_title           = 
| url                   = 
| deadurl               = 
| format                = 
| type                  = 
| series                = 
| language              = 
| volume                = 
| issue                 = 
| others                = 
| edition               = 
| location              = 
| publisher             = 
| publication-date      = 
| page                  = 
| pages                 = 
| at                    = 
| nopp                  = 
| arxiv                 = 
| asin                  = 
| bibcode               = 
| doi                   = 
| doi_brokendate        = 
| isbn                  = 
| issn                  = 
| jfm                   = 
| jstor                 = 
| lccn                  = 
| mr                    = 
| oclc                  = 
| ol                    = 
| osti                  = 
| pmc                   = 
| pmid                  = 
| rfc                   = 
| ssrn                  = 
| zbl                   = 
| id                    = 
| archiveurl            = 
| archivedate           = 
| accessdate            = 
| via                   = 
| registration          = 
| subscription          = 
| laysummary            = 
| laysource             = 
| laydate               = 
| quote                 = 
| separator             = 
| postscript            = 
| ref                   = 
}}
 
 
 last or last1
 last or last1
 last1
 last2
 author-last2
 last2
 last3
 author-last3
 last3
 last4
 author-last4
 last4
 last5
 author-last5
 last or last1
 last or last1
 last or last1
 last or last1
 last or last1
 
 
 year or date
 
 chapter
 chapter
 
 editor1-last
 editor1-last
 editor1-last
 editor2-last
 editor2-last
 editor2-last
 editor3-last
 editor3-last
 editor3-last
 editor4-last
 editor4-last
 editor4-last
 editor5-last
 editor5-last
 
 
 title
 
 url
 url
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 publisher
 
 
 
 
 
 page or pages
 
 
 
 
 doi
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 archivedate
 archiveurl
 url
 
 
 
 
 laysummary
 laysummary
 
 
 
 
 
 
 may also use |last=
 may also use |first=
 may also use |author-link=
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 last6, last7, last8, ad infinitum
 first6, first7, first8, ad infinitum
 author-link6, author-link7, author-link8, ad infinitum
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 do not wikilink |chapter= if |chapterurl= is provided
 
 
 may also use |editor-last=
 may also use |editor-first=
 may also use |editor-link=
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 editor6-last, editor7-last, editor8-last, ad infinitum
 editor6-first, editor7-first, editor8-first, ad infinitum
 editor6-link, editor7-link, editor8-link, ad infinitum
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 choose one: |page=, |pages= or |at=
 choose one: |page=, |pages= or |at=
 choose one: |page=, |pages= or |at=
 set |nopp=yes to suppress the "p." or "pp." before page numbers
 
 
 
 
 
 always include ISBN if one has been assigned
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  • If a field name is listed in the Prerequisites column it is a prerequisite for the field to the left.

Examples[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Title

  • {{cite book |title=Mysterious book}}
Mysterious Book. 

Title and year

  • {{cite book |title=Mysterious book |date=1901}}
Mysterious Book. 1901. 

Basic usage (single author)

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Joe |authorlink=Joe Bloggs |date=1974 |title=Book of Bloggs}}
Bloggs, Joe (1974). Book of Bloggs. 

Basic usage (two authors)

  • {{cite book |last1=Bloggs |first1=Joe |authorlink1=Joe Bloggs |last2=Bloggs |first2=Fred |authorlink2=Fred Bloggs |date=1974 |title=Book of Bloggs}}
Bloggs, Joe; Bloggs, Fred (1974). Book of Bloggs. 

Basic usage with url (and accessdate) and edition

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Joe |authorlink=Joe Bloggs |date=1974 |title=Book of Bloggs |edition=1st |url=http://en.wikipedia.org/ |accessdate=February 17, 2006}}
Bloggs, Joe (1974). Book of Bloggs (1st ed.). Retrieved February 17, 2006. 

Citing a chapter in a book with different authors for different chapters and an editor

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Fred |editor-first=John |editor-last=Doe |title=Big Compilation Book with Many Chapters and Distinct Chapter Authors |publisher=Book Publishers |date=January 1, 2001 |pages=100–110 |chapter=Chapter 2: The History of the Bloggs Family |isbn=978-1-234-56789-7}}
Bloggs, Fred (January 1, 2001). "Chapter 2: The History of the Bloggs Family". In Doe, John. Big Compilation Book with Many Chapters and Distinct Chapter Authors. Book Publishers. pp. 100–110. ISBN 978-1-234-56789-7. 

Citing a chapter in a book with two joint authors and an editor

  • {{cite book |last1=Bloggs |first1=Joe |last2=Egg |first2=Fred |editor-last=Doe |editor-first=John |title=Big Book with Many Chapters and Two Co-authors |publisher=Book Publishers |date=January 1, 2001 |origyear=1st. Pub. 1986 |pages=100–110 |chapter=Chapter 6: Getting There |chapterurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/ |isbn=978-1-234-56789-7 |lastauthoramp=y}}
Bloggs, Joe & Egg, Fred (January 1, 2001) [1st. Pub. 1986]. "Chapter 6: Getting There". In Doe, John. Big Book with Many Chapters and Two Co-authors. Book Publishers. pp. 100–110. ISBN 978-1-234-56789-7. 

Three authors, title with a piped wikilink, edition

  • {{cite book |last1=Bloggs |first1=Joe |authorlink1=Joe Bloggs |first2=John |last2=Smith |first3=Jim |last3=Smythe |title=[[A Thousand Acres|1000 Acres]] |edition=2nd}}
Bloggs, Joe; Smith, John; Smythe, Jim. 1000 Acres (2nd ed.). 

Complex usage showing effect of using volume parameter and lastauthoramp parameter (without volume and lastauthoramp)

  • {{cite book |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |last1=Playfair |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |first2=Commander G.M.S |last2=Stitt |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last3=Molony |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |last4=Toomer |editor-first=J.R.M |editor-last=Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |date=2007 |origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3}}
Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; Stitt, Commander G.M.S; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C.; Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2007) [1st. pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M, ed. Mediterranean and Middle East. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3. 

Complex usage showing effect of using volume parameter and lastauthoramp parameter (with volume and lastauthoramp)

  • {{cite book |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |last1=Playfair |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |first2=Commander G.M.S |last2=Stitt |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last3=Molony |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |last4=Toomer |editor-first=J.R.M |editor-last=Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East |volume=Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |date=2007 |origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3 |lastauthoramp=y}}
Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; Stitt, Commander G.M.S; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2007) [1st. pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M, ed. Mediterranean and Middle East. History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3. 

Date without day, wikilinked title and publisher, pages, edition, location

  • {{cite book |last1=Cordell |first1=Bruce R. |last2=Grubb |first2=Jeff |last3=Noonan |first3=David |date=September 2001 |title=[[Manual of the Planes]] |edition=3rd |publisher=[[Wizards of the Coast]] |location=Renton, Wash. |isbn=0-7869-1850-0 |pages=134–137}}
Cordell, Bruce R.; Grubb, Jeff; Noonan, David (September 2001). Manual of the Planes (3rd ed.). Renton, Wash.: Wizards of the Coast. pp. 134–137. ISBN 0-7869-1850-0. 

Other language

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Jean |date=1974 |title=Livre de Bloggs |edition=1st |language=French |trans_title=Book of Bloggs |url=http://en.wikipedia.org/ |accessdate=February 17, 2006}}
Bloggs, Jean (1974). Livre de Bloggs [Book of Bloggs] (in French) (1st ed.). Retrieved February 17, 2006. 

Using a DOI

  • {{cite book |last=Mumford |first=David |authorlink=David Mumford |date=1999 |title=The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes: Includes the Michigan Lectures (1974) on Curves and Their Jacobians |edition=2nd |publisher=[[Springer-Verlag]] |doi=10.1007/b62130 |isbn=354063293X}}
Mumford, David (1999). The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes: Includes the Michigan Lectures (1974) on Curves and Their Jacobians (2nd ed.). Springer-Verlag. doi:10.1007/b62130. ISBN 354063293X. 

Using author-mask parameter

  • {{cite book |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |last1=Playfair |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Stitt |first2=Commander G.M.S |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |date=2004 |origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3 |lastauthoramp=y}}
Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; Stitt, Commander G.M.S; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2004) [1st. pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M, ed. Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3. 
  • {{cite book |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |last1=Playfair |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Flynn |first2=Captain F.C. (R.N.) |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume II: The Germans come to the help of their Ally (1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |date=2004 |origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:19541956 |isbn=1-845740-66-1 |lastauthoramp=y |author-mask=2}}
——; Flynn, Captain F.C. (R.N.); Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2004) [1st. pub. HMSO:19541956]. Butler, J.R.M, ed. The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume II: The Germans Come to the Help of Their Ally (1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-66-1. 
  • {{cite book |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |last1=Playfair |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Flynn |first2=Captain F.C. (R.N.) |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Gleave |first4=Group Captain T.P. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=Sir James |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume III: British Fortunes reach their Lowest Ebb (September 1941 to September 1942) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |date=2004 |origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:19541960 |isbn=1-845740-67-X |lastauthoramp=y |author-mask=2}}
——; Flynn, Captain F.C. (R.N.); Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Gleave, Group Captain T.P. (2004) [1st. pub. HMSO:19541960]. Butler, Sir James, ed. The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume III: British Fortunes Reach Their Lowest Ebb (September 1941 to September 1942). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-67-X. 

Using display-authors parameter

  • {{cite book |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |last1=Playfair |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Stitt |first2=Commander G.M.S |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |date=2004 |origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]] |r=1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3 |display-authors=1}}
Playfair, Major-General I.S.O. et al. (1954) [1st. pub. HMSO]. Butler, J.R.M, ed. Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3. 


Parameters[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Syntax[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Nested parameters rely on their parent parameters:

  • parent
  • OR: parent2—may be used instead of parent
    • child—may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2—may be used instead of child (and is ignored if parent2 is not used)
Where aliases are listed, only one of the parameters may be defined; if multiple aliased parameters are defined, then only one will show.

COinS[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

This template embeds COinS metadata in the HTML output, allowing reference management software to retrieve bibliographic metadata. See: Wikipedia:COinS. As a general rule, only one data item per parameter. Do not include explanatory or alternate text:

  • Use |date=27 September 2007 not |date=27 September 2007 (print version 25 September)

Use of templates within the citation template, is generally discouraged as many of these templates will add a lot of extraneous HTML or CSS that will be rendered in the metadata. Also, HTML entities, for example &nbsp;, &ndash;, etc, should not be used in parameters that contribute to the metadata.

COinS metadata is created for these parameters:

  • |periodical=, |journal=, |newspaper=, |magazine=, |work=, |website=, |encyclopedia=, |encyclopaedia=, |dictionary=
  • |chapter=, |contribution=, |entry=, |article=, |section=
  • |title=
  • |publicationplace=, |publication-place=
  • |date=, |year=, |publicationdate=, |publication-date=
  • |series=
  • |volume=
  • |issue=, |number=
  • |page=, |pages=, |at=
  • |edition=
  • |publisher=, |distributor=, |institution=
  • |url=
  • |chapterurl=, |chapter-url=, |contributionurl=, |contribution-url=, |sectionurl=
  • |author#=, |Author#=, |authors#=, |author#-last=, |author-last#=, |last#=, |surname#=
  • any of the identifiers (|isbn=, |issn=, |doi=, |pmc=, etc)

Deprecated[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

The following parameters are deprecated. Their use will place the page into Category:Pages containing cite templates with deprecated parameters:

  • day · month: Use date to include the day, month and year.
  • coauthor · coauthors: Use last# / first# or author or authors

Description[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Authors[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • last: Surname of author. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: last1, author, authors, author1.
    • first: Given or first names of author, including title(s); for example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Aliases: first1. Requires last; first name will not display if last is empty.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use last1, first1 through lastn, firstn where n is any consecutive number for an unlimited number of authors (each firstn requires a corresponding lastn). By default, if nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and "et al." will show in place of the last author. See the display parameters to change. Aliases: author1 through authorn.
  • authorlink: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author—not the author's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: authorlink1, author-link, author1-link, author1link.
  • OR: for multiple authors, use authorlink1 through authorlinkn. Aliases: author1-link through authorn-link.
  • coauthors: (deprecated) Names of coauthors. Requires author, authors, or lastn Include coauthors in author or authors or use separate authorn or lastn/firstn to list coauthors.
  • others: To record other contributors to the work, such as Illustrated by John Smith or Translated by John Smith.
When using shortened footnotes or parenthetical referencing styles with templates, do not use multiple names in one field or else the anchor will not match the inline link.

Title[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • title: Title of source. Can be wikilinked to an existing Wikipedia article or url may be used to add an external link, but not both. Displays in italics.
    • trans_title: English translation of the title if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after title; if url is defined, then trans_title is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
Titles containing certain characters will display and link incorrectly unless those characters are encoded.
newline [ ] |
space &#91; &#93; &#124;


  • type: Provides additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case. Displays in parentheses following the title. Examples: Thesis, Booklet, CD liner, Press release.
  • chapter: The chapter heading of the source. May be wikilinked or may use chapter-url, but not both. Displays in quotes.
    • trans_chapter: English translation of the chapter heading, if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after the chapter field; if chapter-url is defined, then trans_chapter is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
  • language: The language the source is written in, if not English. Displays in parentheses with "in" before the language name. Use the full language name or ISO 639-1 code; use of ISO 639-1 also adds appropriate language categorization; do not use icons or templates.

Date[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • date: Date of source being referenced. Can be full date (day, month, and year) or partial date (month and year, season and year, year). Use same format as other publication dates in the citations.[೧] Required when year is used to disambiguate {{sfn}} links to multiple-work citations by the same author in the same year.[more] Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and is enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher.
  • OR:
    • year: Year of source being referenced. Required with some types of {{sfn}} citations;[more] otherwise use date.
    • month: (deprecated) Name of the month or season of publication. Use date instead.
    • origyear: Original publication year; displays after the date or year. For clarity, please supply specifics. For example: |origyear=First published 1859 or |origyear=Composed 1904.
  1. Publication dates in references within an article should all have the same format. See: MOS:DATEUNIFY.

Publisher[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • publisher: Name of publisher; may be wikilinked if relevant. The publisher is the company that publishes the work being cited. Do not use the publisher parameter for the name of a work (e.g., a book, encyclopedia, newspaper, magazine, journal, website). Not normally used for periodicals. Corporate designations such as "Ltd", "Inc" or "GmbH" are not usually included. Omit where the publisher's name is substantially the same as the name of the work (for example, The New York Times Co. publishes The New York Times newspaper, so there is no reason to name the publisher). Displays after title; if work is defined, then publisher is enclosed in parentheses.
  • place: Geographical place of publication; generally not wikilinked; omit when the name of the work includes the location; examples: The Boston Globe, The Times of India. Displays after the title; if work is defined, then location is enclosed in parentheses. Alias: location
  • publication-place: If any one of publication-place, place or location are defined, then the location shows after the title; if publication-place and place or location are defined, then place or location are shown before the title prefixed with "written at" and publication-place is shown after the title.
  • publication-date: Date of publication when different from the date the work was written. Displays only if year or date are defined and only if different, else publication-date is used and displayed as date. Use the same format as other dates in the article; do not wikilink. Follows publisher; if work is not defined, then publication-date is preceded by "published" and enclosed in parenthesis.

Edition, series, volume[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • edition: When the publication has more than one edition; for example: "2nd", "Revised" etc. Displays " ed." after this field, so |edition=2nd produces "2nd ed." Does not display if a periodical field is defined.
  • series or version: When the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal where the issue numbering has restarted.
  • volume: For one publication published in several volumes. Displays after the title and series fields; volumes of four characters or less display in bold.

In-source locations[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • page: The number of a single page in the source that supports the content. Use either |page= or |pages=, but not both. Displays preceded by p. unless |nopp=y.
  • OR: pages: A range of pages in the source that supports the content. Use either |page= or |pages=, but not both. Separate using an en dash (–); separate non-sequential pages with a comma (,); do not use to indicate the total number of pages in the source. Displays preceded by pp. unless |nopp=y. Hyphens are automatically converted to en dashes; if hyphens are appropriate, for example: pp. 3-1–3-15, use |at=.
    • nopp: Set to y to suppress the p. or pp. notations where this is inappropriate; for example, where |page=Front cover.
  • OR: at: For sources where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient. Overridden by |page= or |pages=. Use only one of |page=, |pages=, or |at=.
Examples: page (p.) or pages (pp.); section (sec.), column (col.), paragraph (para.); track; hours, minutes and seconds; act, scene, canto, book, part, folio, stanza, back cover, liner notes, indicia, colophon, dust jacket, verse.

URL[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • url: URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found. Cannot be used if title is wikilinked. If applicable, the link may point to the specific page(s) referenced. Remove spurious tracking parameters from URLs, e.g. #ixzz2rBr3aO94 or ?utm_source=google&utm_medium=...&utm_term=...&utm_campaign=.... Do not link to any commercial booksellers, such as Amazon.com. See: WP:PAGELINKS.
    • accessdate: Full date when original URL was accessed; use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations; requires url.[೧] Do not wikilink. Not required for web pages or linked documents that do not change; mainly for use of web pages that change frequently or have no publication date. Can be hidden or styled by registered editors.
    • archiveurl: The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the url becomes unavailable. Typically used to refer to services like WebCite (see: Wikipedia:Using WebCite) and Internet Archive (see: Wikipedia:Using the Wayback Machine); requires archivedate and url.
      • archivedate: Date when the original URL was archived; preceded by default text "archived from the original on". Use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations. This does not necessarily have to be the same format that was used for citing publication dates.[೧] Do not wikilink.
      • deadurl: When the URL is still live, but pre-emptively archived, then set |deadurl=no. This changes the display order with the title retaining the original link and the archive linked at the end.
    • template doc demo: The archive parameters will be error checked to ensure that all the required parameters are included, or else {{citation error}} is invoked. With errors, main, help and template pages are placed into Category:Articles with incorrect citation syntax. Set |template doc demo=true to disable categorization; mainly used for documentation where the error is demonstrated.
  • format: Format of the work referred to by url; for example: PDF, DOC, or XLS; displayed in parentheses after title. HTML is implied and should not be specified. Does not change the external link icon. Note: External link icons do not include alt text; thus, they do not add format information for the visually impaired.
URLs must begin with a supported URI scheme. http:// and https:// will be supported by all browsers; however, ftp://, gopher://, irc://, ircs://, mailto: and news: will require a plug-in or an external application and should normally be avoided. IPv6 host-names are currently not supported.
If URLs in citation template parameters contain certain characters, then they will not display and link correctly. Those characters need to be percent-encoded. For example, a space must be replaced by %20. To encode the URL, replace the following characters with:
sp " ' < > [ ] | }
 %20  %22  %27  %3c  %3e  %5b  %5d  %7c  %7d
Single apostrophes do not need to be encoded; however, unencoded multiples will be parsed as italic or bold markup. Single curly closing braces also do not need to be encoded; however, an unencoded pair will be parsed as the double closing braces for the template transclusion.
  1. ೧.೦ ೧.೧ Accessdate and archivedate in references should all have the same format – either the format used for publication dates, or YYYY-MM-DD. See: MOS:DATEUNIFY.

Anchor[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Identifiers[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • id: A unique identifier, used where none of the specialized identifiers are applicable; wikilink or use a template as applicable.

These identifiers create links and are designed to accept a single value. Using multiple values or other text will break the link and/or invalidate the identifier.

Quote[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • quote: Relevant text quoted from the source. Displays enclosed in quotes. When supplied, the citation terminator (a period by default) is suppressed, so the quote needs to include terminating punctuation.

Editors[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • editor-last: Surname of editor. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use editor-last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: editor1-last, editor, editors, editorn.
    • editor-first: Given or first names of editor, including title(s); example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Aliases: editor1-first.
    • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-last, editor1-first through editorn-last, editorn-first.
  • editor-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor—not the editor's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: editor1-link.
  • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-link through editorn-link.
Display:
If authors: Authors are first, followed by the included work, then "In" and the editors, then the main work.
If no authors: Editors appear before the included work; a single editor is followed by "ed."; multiple editors are followed by "eds."; exactly four editors will show three editors followed by "et al., eds."

Laysummary[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • layurl: URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; the URL title is set to "Lay summary". Aliases: laysummary.
    • laysource: Name of the source of the laysummary. Displays in italics and preceded by an endash.
    • laydate: Date of the summary. Displays in parentheses.

Display options[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • author-mask: Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text. Set author-mask to a numeric value n to set the dash n em spaces wide; set author-mask to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, "with". You must still include the values for all authors for metadata purposes. Primarily intended for use with bibliography styles where multiple works by a single author are listed sequentially. Do not use in a list generated by {{reflist}}, <references /> or similar as there is no control of the order in which references are displayed.
  • author-name-separator: Controls the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space (, ); if the parameter is present, but blank, separator punctuation is set to the default; a space must be encoded as &#32;.
  • author-separator: Controls the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space (; ); if the parameter is present, but blank, separator punctuation is set to the default; a space must be encoded as &#32;.
  • display-authors: Controls the number of author names that are displayed when a citation is published. To change the displayed number of authors, set display-authors to the desired number. For example, |display-authors=2 will display only the first two authors in a citation. By default, all authors are displayed except when there are nine authors, then the author list in the citation is truncated to eight authors, followed by "et al." This exception mimics the older version of the template for compatibility. If a citation contains nine author names and one wishes all nine author names to display, "et al." may be suppressed by setting |display-authors=9. Aliases: displayauthors.
  • display-editors: Controls the number of editor names that are displayed when a citation is published. To change the displayed number of editors, set display-editors to the desired number. For example, |display-editors=2 will display only the first two editors in a citation. By default, all editors are displayed except when there are four editors, then the editor list in the citation is truncated to three editors, followed by "et al." This exception mimics the older version of the template for compatibility. If a citation contains four editor names and one wishes all four editor names to display, "et al." may be suppressed by setting |display-editors=4. Aliases: displayeditors.
  • lastauthoramp: Switches the separator between the last two names of the author list to space ampersand space ( & ) when set to any value. Example: |lastauthoramp=yes
  • postscript: Controls the closing punctuation for a citation; defaults to a period (.); for no terminating punctuation, specify |postscript=none – leaving |postscript= empty has the same effect but is ambiguous. Ignored if quote is defined.
  • separator: Controls the punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc. Defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present, but blank, separator punctuation is set to the default; a space must be encoded as &#32;.

Subscription or registration required[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Main article: WP:PAYWALL

These parameters add a link note to the end of the citation:

  • registration: For online sources that require registration, set |registration=yes; superseded by subscription if both are set.
  • subscription: For online sources that require a subscription, set |subscription=yes; supersedes registration if both are set.

Template data[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools.

Cite book

This template formats a citation to a book using the provided bibliographic information (such as author and title) as well as various formatting options.

Template parameters
ಪರಿಮಿತಿ ವಿವರ ನಮೂನೆ ಮೂಲಸ್ಥಿತಿ Auto value ಸ್ಥಾನಮಾನ
URL url The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Title title The title of the book; displays in italics string ಖಾಲಿ empty required
Last name lastlast1authorauthorsauthor1 The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors line ಖಾಲಿ empty required
First name firstfirst1 Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors line ಖಾಲಿ empty required
Author link authorlinkauthorlink1 Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors wiki-page-name ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name of second author last2author2 The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors line ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name of second author first2 Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors line ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link for second author authorlink2 Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors wiki-page-name ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
date date Full date of the source; do not wikilink string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Work work Name of the work in which the cited book text is found string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Publisher publisher Name of the publisher; displays after title string ಖಾಲಿ empty required
URL access date accessdate The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Others others Used to record other contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith' string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Year of publication year Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known string ಖಾಲಿ empty required
Original year origyear Original year of publication; provide specifics string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
ISBN isbn International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible string ಖಾಲಿ empty required
Editor last name editor-lasteditor1-lasteditoreditors The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors line ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor first name editor-firsteditor1-first Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors line ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Editor link editor-linkeditor1-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors wiki-page-name ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Edition edition When the publication has more than one edition; for example: '2nd', 'Revised' etc.; suffixed by ' ed.' string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Series identifier seriesversion Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Volume volume For one publication published in several volumes string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Location of publication locationplace Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place string ಖಾಲಿ empty required
Place of publication publication-place Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at' string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Publication date publication-date Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Page page The number of a single page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'; use either page= or pages=, but not both string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Pages pages A range of pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source); displays after 'pp.'; use either page= or pages=, but not both string ಖಾಲಿ empty required
No pp nopp Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover') string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
At at May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Language language The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translated title trans_title An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Chapter chapter The chapter heading of the source; may be wikilinked or with 'chapterurl' but not both string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Translated chapter trans_chapter An English language chapter heading, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Chapter URL chapterurlchapter-url The URL of the online location where the text of the chapter can be found string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Type type Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Format format Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
arXiv identifier arxiv An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
ASIN asin Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
ASIN TLD asin-tld ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Bibcode bibcode Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
DOI doi Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.' string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
DOI broken date doi_brokendate The date that the DOI was determined to be broken string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
ISSN issn International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
jfm code jfm Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
JSTOR jstor JSTOR identifier string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
LCCN lccn Library of Congress Control Number string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
MR mr Mathematical Reviews identifier string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
OCLC oclc Online Computer Library Center number string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
OL ol Open Library identifier string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
OSTI osti Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
PMC pmc PubMed Center article number string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
PMID pmid PubMed Unique Identifier string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
RFC rfc Request for Comments number string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
SSRN ssrn Social Science Research Network string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Zbl zbl Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
id id A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Archive URL archiveurl The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate' string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Archive date archivedate Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Dead URL deadurl If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Quote quote Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Ref ref An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv template string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Separator separator The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc.; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark string . empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Postscript postscript The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined string . empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Lay URL layurllaysummary URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Lay source laysource Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Lay date laydate Date of the summary; displays in parentheses string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name last3author3 The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'. line ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name first3 Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink. line ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link authorlink3author3-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author. wiki-page-name ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name last4author4 The surname of the fourth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'. line ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name first4 Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth author; don't wikilink. line ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link authorlink4author4-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth author. wiki-page-name ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name last5author5 The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'. line ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name first5 Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink. line ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link authorlink5author5-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author. wiki-page-name ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name last6author6 The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'. line ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name first6author6-link Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink. line ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link authorlink6 Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author. wiki-page-name ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name last7author7 The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'. line ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name first7 Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink. line ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link authorlink7author7-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author. wiki-page-name ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name last8author8 The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'. line ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name first8 Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink. line ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link authorlink8author8-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author. wiki-page-name ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last name last9author9 The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author. line ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
First name first9 Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink. line ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author link authorlink9author9-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author. wiki-page-name ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author mask author-mask Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author name separator author-name-separator Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark string , empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Author separator author-separator Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark string ; empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Display authors display-authorsdisplayauthors number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used; default is to do so after 8 of 9 are listed number 8 empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ
Last author ampersand lastauthoramp When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space' string ಖಾಲಿ empty ಐಚ್ಛಿಕ

See also[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

This template produces COinS metadata; see COinS in Wikipedia for background information.