ವಿಕಿಪೀಡಿಯ:Kannada Support/ಕನ್ನಡದಲ್ಲಿ

ವಿಕಿಪೀಡಿಯ ಇಂದ
ಇಲ್ಲಿಗೆ ಹೋಗು: ಸಂಚರಣೆ, ಹುಡುಕು

Enabling Kannada on your desktop.(ನಿಮ್ಮ ಗಣಕಯಂತ್ರದ ಪರದೆಯ ಮೇಲೆ ಕನ್ನಡವನ್ನು ಸಾಧ್ಯವಾಗಿಸುವ ವಿವರ)

(ಆಂಗ್ಲ ಅವತರಣ ಓದಲು ಇಲ್ಲಿ ಕ್ಲಿಕ್ ಮಾಡಿ) Bold text== ಯಾರಿಗಾಗಿ ಈ ಲೇಖನ? == ಯುನಿಕೋಡ್ ಕನ್ನಡವನ್ನು ಗಣಕಯಂತ್ರದಲ್ಲಿ ಅಳವಡಿಸ ಹೊರೆಟವರಿಗಾಗಿ, ಈ ಲೇಖನ. ಗಣಕಯಂತ್ರದಲ್ಲಿ ಯುನಿಕೋಡ್ ಉಪಯೋಗಿಸಿಕೊಂಡು ಕನ್ನಡವನ್ನು ಟೈಪ್ ಮಾಡಲು, ಯುನಿಕೋಡ್ ಉಪಯೋಗಿಸುವ ಕನ್ನಡ ಅಂತರಜಾಲ ತಾಣಗಳನ್ನು ವೀಕ್ಷಿಸಲು ದಾರಿ ದೀಪವಾಗುವಂತೆ ಈ ಬರಹವನ್ನು ಪೇರಿಸಲಾಗಿದೆ.

ಪರಿವಿಡಿ

ನಿಮ್ಮ ಗಣಕಯಂತ್ರವನ್ನು ಕನ್ನಡಕ್ಕಾಗಿ ತಯಾರು ಮಾಡುವುದು[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

ಇತ್ತೀಚೆಗಿನ ಎಲ್ಲ ಆಪರೇಟಿಂಗ್ ಸಿಸ್ಟಮ್ ಗಳು ಯುನಿಕೋಡ್ ನೊಂದಿಗೆ ಬರುತ್ತವೆ. ಇತ್ತೀಚೆಗಿನ ಲಿನಕ್ಸ್ ವಿತರಣೆಗಳು, ಹೊಸ ವಿಂಡೋಸ್, ಕನ್ನಡವನ್ನು ಯುನಿಕೋಡ್ ಬಳಸಿ ವೀಕ್ಷಿಸಲು, ಓದಲು, ಛಾಪು ತೆಗೆಯಲು ಬೇಕಾದ ಮೂಲಭೂತ ಸೌಕರ್ಯಗಳೊಂದಿಗೆ ಬರುತ್ತವೆ. ಆದರೂ ಕೂಡ ಅದನ್ನು ಚಾಲೂ ಮಾಡಲು ಬಳಕೆದಾರರಿಗೆ ಕೆಲವೊಂದು ಸೋಪಾನಗಳ ಮೂಲಕ ಹಾದುಹೋಗಬೇಕಾಗುತ್ತದೆ. ದಪ್ಪಗಿನ ಅಚ್ಚುಯ್ಜುಯ್ಫ್ಗ್ಫ್ತಥಾ[[ಸಂಪ


[[ಮೀಡಿಯ:ಈ ಜಾಗದಲ್ಲಿ ಬರೆಯಲ್ಪಟ್ಟದ್ದು ವಿಕೀಕರಣ ಆಗುವುದಿಲ್ಲ]][[[[ಸಂಪರ್ಕದ ಹೆಸರು]]''''ಓರೆ ಅಕ್ಷರಗಳು'''''<math>ದಪ್ಪಗಿನ ಅಚ್ಚು</math>--~~~~''''']]ರ್ಕದ ಹೆಸರು]]ನು

ವಿಂಡೋಸ್ ಎಕ್ಸ್ ಪಿ, ೨೦೦೩ ಸರ್ವರ್ ಫ್ಯಾಮಿಲಿ[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

ಮೊದಲು ಮಾಡಬೇಕಾದದ್ದು[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • ನಿಮ್ಮ ವಿಂಡೋಸ್ Start Menu ನಲ್ಲಿ Control Panel->Regional Settings->Languages->Install ಗೆ ತಲುಪಿ "support for complex scripts including Thai" ಎಂಬುದನ್ನು ಸಕ್ರಿಯಗೊಳಿಸಬೇಕು (Enable ಮಾಡಬೇಕು ) ಇದಕ್ಕೆ ವಿಂಡೋಸ್ ತಂತ್ರಾಂಶದ CD ಬೇಕಾಗುತ್ತದೆ ಹಾಗೂ ಗಣಕಯಂತ್ರವನ್ನು Restart ಮಾಡಬೇಕಾಗುತ್ತದೆ.

Display[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Arial Unicode MS font ಅಕ್ಷರ ಶೈಲಿ ಸಹಾಯದಿಂದ ಪುಟಗಳನ್ನು ವಿಶೇಷ ಪ್ರಯತ್ನವಿಲ್ಲದ ನೇರವಾಗಿ ಓದಬಹುದು.

ಫಾಂಟ್ ಗಳು[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Besides the Arial Unicode MS font, Windows XP also comes with Tunga which gets installed if you follow the steps detailed in the next section (Input). You can also install these GPL'ed fonts. ಚಂದ:Example.jpg]]

ಆದಾನ[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

ಕನ್ನಡ ನುಡಿ

Selecting the Input method[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]
ನುಡಿ[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]
  • Download Nudi 4.0 or above from http://www.kagapa.org
  • Right click on the Nudi program in the status bar, enable utf-8 input and use normally
ಬರಹ[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]
  • Download Baraha 6.0 or above from http://www.baraha.com
  • Start Baraha Direct
  • Right click on the Baraha Direct icon on the status bar, select the 'Unicode' option, choose Kannada for Itrans or Baraha like input, KGP for Nudi like Input.
Microsoft's Keyboard Layouts (Deprecated)[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

NOTE: Apparently, the Indic IME's are supposed to work only on Microsoft Word and doesn't work well on other applications. Hence, the instructions for Phonetic IME here won't be useful unless you are using this input with MS Office. The Inscript keymap however will work out of the box without downloading anything. Use the other two solutions listed below for phonetic keymaps.

  • Download Indic Input IME from http://www.bhashaindia.com/downloads/downloads.aspx?lang=en which contains Nudi and Baraha like phonetic layouts for Windows XP. Windows XP, by default comes with the non-phonetic Layout. If you like Inscript, you can just follow the next step.
  • Control panel -> Regional Settings -> Languages -> Details ->Add and add kannada (NOTE: If you don't get Kannada, you might not have done the above step)
  • From the IME, select the type of layout you prefer (Inscript, Nudi or Baraha)

ವೀಕ್ಷಣೆ[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

MS IE, Mozilla Firefox, Mozilla and variants and Opera all display Kannada by Default without any modification and input if above step is carried out.

GNU/Linux and FreeBSD[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Although almost all Linux Distributions have support for Kannada, browsing Kannada Unicode websites especially using the default Mozilla or its variants like Firefox, Galeon or Epiphany does not work.

ನಿರ್ದಿಷ್ಟ ವಿತರಣೆ[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Mandrakelinux[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Of all distributions, Mandrakelinux has the best support for Kannada out of the box. It includes Sampige font, Kannada locale, Inscript layout and KDE with Kannada Support. If you are using Mandrakelinux, most of these steps are optional.

Note: To install the Kannada package if you have not done during installation, do the following steps, as root:

  • install locale: urpmi locales-kn
  • install fonts: urpmi fonts-ttf-kannada
  • launch localedrake, and select Kannada language
  • configure keyboard (trough control center) to select kannada keyboard
Fedora Core 3[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Please refer this weblog entry. ಚಳ್ಳಕೆರೆ ಉಪವಿಭಾಗದ ನಾಯಕನಹಟ್ಟ ಶಾಖೇ ವ್ಯಾಪ್ಥಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ಬರುವ ಐ ಐ ಎಸ್ ಡೀ ಕೇಂದ್ರಕೆ ೨೫೦-ಕೆವಿಎ ವಿದ್ಯುತ್ ಸಂಪರ್ಕ ನೀಡಲು ಸಾಮಗ್ರೀಗಳ ನೀಕ್ಸ್ಕ್ಸೆ

Fonts[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

The following instructions will help install fonts for a single user on the system (no root password required)

$ wget http://kannada.sourceforge.net/downloads/fonts/kannada%20opentype%20fonts.zip
  • Unzip the font package file
$ unzip kannada%20opentype%20fonts.zip
  • Copy these files to ".fonts" directory in your home directory
$ mkdir ~/.fonts
$ copy *.ttf ~/.fonts
  • Update the font cache
$ fc-cache

You will need to restart an application after installing the font to see the newly installed font in that application.

Input Methods[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

XKB[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]
m17n[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

The m17n - SCIM framework gives standardized (UTF-8) Kannada editing capabilities on standard keyboards.

m17n library is an opensource initiative for realizing multilingualization in Linux/Unix Platforms. The library serves as a backend for the Smart Common Input Method (SCIM) Project. SCIM provides a neat way of switching between Kannada and English keys.

Hence, to achieve full Kannada editing capabilities on your linux system this way, you should have both the m17n backend and the SCIM frontend.

Here is the step by step procedure:

1. Download the m17n libraries and database sources (Version 1.2.0) from here

    Alternatively, Fedora Users can install source rpms from here   
    Install both the libraries and databases.
      1. Go to the library source directory in the terminal and logged in as root, type './configure' and then 'make' and 'make install'
      2. Do the same for the database.

2. Download the SCIM (Version 1.2.1) and SCIM tables from here

    Alternatively, Fedora Users can install from here 
    Install SCIM the same way you did m17n 
      (cd to source,'./configure', 'make' and 'make install') or rpm -ivh 'filename.rpm' if you downloaded the rpm.

3. Download the m17n-SCIM interface from here

    Alternatively, Fedora users can download it from here
    Install the m17n-SCIM in a similar fashion.
      Some users have encountered trouble in finding the already installed SCIM package when they use './configure'. To correct this problem, please follow these guidlines.
         1. To make sure that you have scim, in the terminal, try whereis scim. you should get something similar to 'scim: /usr/bin/scim.....'            
         2. In the terminal, try whereis pkgconfig. You should have 2-3 results. Go to the directory each of these directories and see if 'scim.pc' is present. If so, include the path of that directory in the environment variable PKG_CONFIG_PATH (ex:  export PKG_CONFIG_PATH=/usr/local/lib/pkgconfig )
       Once pkgconfig is able to find scim, installation should proceed smoothly.

4. After installation, in Fedora 3 you should see the SCIM Input Method Setup in Applications-->Preferences-->More Preferences

     Alternatively, you can invoke scim-setup by typing sciim-setup in the terminal.

5. Once the SCIM fron end starts,

    Go to the IME-engine-->Global Setup option to see the Kannada keyboard listed. 
    Go to Kannada, expand the tree and you see the m17n kan-itrans option and click edit hot-keys. Choose a convineint hotkey for changing the keyboard to Kannada.
    Go to Front end --> Global Hotkeys. Choose another hotkey to invoke this setup utility. 
    Go to Panel--> GTK and select all options you want to make the SCIM utility easily accesible.

Now you are all set to type in Kannada!!!. Go to any UTF-8 enabled editor or IM (gedit, gaim work!) and select the m17n kan itrans Keyboard in Kannada in the SCIM utility (which should be running on the desktop panel) and start typing Kannada! If you any further doubts and questions, please visit http://kannada.sourceforge.net/support and post your queries.

IIIMF[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

IIIMF is an multi-platform input method framework. IIMF comes with Nudi and Inscript layouts for Kannada. But be warned, it is very unstable. The IIIMF howto at Indlinux provides more information and step by step instructions on installation and usage.

ISIS[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

ISIS is an easy-to-use system for computation using Indian scripts, developed by Gautam Sengupta of the Center for Applied Linguistics & Translation Studies, University of Hyderabad. ISIS binaries can be downloaded from here.

Inscript Layout[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Inscript layout is easy to setup. It is readily available in most of the distributions. Instuctions to enable the layout vary depending on your desktop environment or distribution.

Mandrakelinux (keyboarddrake)[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

On Mandrakelinux the preferred way to enable the inscript layout keyboard is trough the Mandrakelinux control center -> keyboard, choose the Kannada keyboard, and the key combination to switch between US and Kannada layouts; that will work for all desktop and WM.

GNOME 2.8.x and above[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]
  • Enable the Keyboard Indicator
Right click on panel
Choose Add to Panel...
Choose Keyboard Indicator
Click Add

You should now see a Keyboard Indicator applet on your panel.

  • Add Kannada as one of the layouts
Right click on Keyboard Indicator
Choose Open Keyboard Preferences
Choose Layout tab
Select Kannada in Available Layouts list
Click Add

On the keyboard indicator, when you see Kan you will be typing in Kannada.

  • Assign a shortcut to switching between US and Kannada keyboard layouts.
Right click on the Keyboard Indicator
Choose Open Keyboard Preferences
Choose Layout Options tab
Select an option from Group Shift/Lock Behaviour in Avaiable Options list
Click Add

You will now be able to switch the groups using a keyboard shortcut depending on the option you have chosen.

GNOME 2.6.x[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]
  • Enable the Keyboard Indicator
Right click on panel
Choose Add to Panel
Choose Utility
Choose Keyboard Indicator 

You should now see a Keyboard Indicator applet on your panel.

  • Add Kannada as one of the layouts
Right click on Keyboard Indicator
Choose Open Keyboard Preferences
Choose Layout tab
Select Kannada in Available Layouts list
Click Add

On the keyboard indicator, when you see tel you will typing in Kannada.

  • Assign a shortcut to switching between US and Kannada keyboard layouts.
Right click on the Keyboard Indicator
Choose Open Keyboard Preferences
Choose Layout Options tab
Select an option from Group Shift/Lock Behaviour category in Avaiable Options list
Click Add

You will now be able to switch the groups using a keyboard shortcut depending on the option you have chosen.

GNOME 2.4.x and below[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]
  • Enable the Keyboard Switcher
Right click on panel
Choose Add to Panel
Choose Utility
Choose Keyboard Layout Switcher

You should now see a Keyboard Layout Switcher applet on your panel.

  • Add Kannada as one of the layouts
Right click on the Keyboard Layout Switcher applet
Choose Preferences...
Click add
Select the language you want to add

When the Keyboard Layout Swither shows Kannada, we will able to type in Kannada. You can press and Left alt and Left Shift to switch between the layouts.

KDE[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]
  • Enable the Keyboard Layout Switcher
Open KDE Control Center
Choose Regional & Accesibility
Choose Keyboard Layout
Select Layout tab
Select Enable keyboard layouts
  • Add Kannada as one of the layouts
Choose Kannada from Available layouts list
Click Add
  • Assign a shortcut to switching between US and Kannada keyboard layouts.
Select Xkb Options tab
Select Enable Xkb options
Select an option from the Group Shift/Lock Behaviour category in the Options list
Click Apply
Close Control Center

You should now see Keyboard Layout Switcher in the notification area. You can switch keyboard layouts by clicking on the Keyboard Layout Switcher or by using the keyboard shortcut you have chosen.

Browsing[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Konqueror[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

The version of Konqueror that comes with KDE 3.2 or above or if you are using Konqueror with QT 3.2 or above, you will get Kannada Display and Input in Unicode, provided you have followed the above steps.

Mozilla[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

By default, Mozilla products on Fedora Core 3 & Ubuntu come with indic lanugage support. All you need to do is put the following statements in your Mozilla/FireFox/Thunderbird executable (Ex: in /usr/bin/firefox ) under #Variables or your ~/.bashrc file.

MOZ_ENABLE_PANGO=1
export MOZ_ENABLE_PANGO

Alternatively, you can download Mozilla Binaries with Indic (including Kannada) support from http://www.indlinux.org/wiki/index.php/TamingTheDragon The TamingtheDragon page also has instructions on enabling Indic (including Kannada) support if you want to build from source.

Windows 2000, Windows ME, Windows 98[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Although officially there is no support for the above Operating Systems, some users have reported that using IE6 upgrades Kannada Support for the Browser. Please make enquiries on the mailing lists/boards listed below.

(The following is some additional information from the Unicode site regarding Windows 2000.)

For Windows 2000, getting additional languages installed is as follows:

Start > Settings > Control Panel > Regional Options.

In the General tab, set all the languages you may want to display, the more you set, the more you will be able to process multilingual data through all your applications, including your browser. This adds fonts as well as system support for these languages.

Full fonts with Office 2000

If you have Microsoft Office 2000 and newer versions, you can get the Arial Unicode MS font, which is the most complete. To get it, insert the Office CD, and do a custom install. Choose Add or Remove Features. Click the (+) next to Office Tools, then International Support, then the Universal Font icon, and choose the installation option you want.

ಮ್ಯಾಕ್ ಓಎಸ್ X[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Fonts[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

In order to see Kannada under Mac OS X, you need to install fonts containing these characters.

  • Download these open-source fonts and/or the Code 2000 font.
  • Open the archive (if you downloaded it) in Stuffit Expander or expand from the terminal using the command tar -xzf "~/Desktop/kannada opentype fonts.tgz"
  • Place the new fonts in the "Fonts" folder of the "Library" folder in your home folder. (~/Library/Fonts/)

ಕೀಲಿಮಣೆ ವಿನ್ಯಾಸ[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

In order to type Kannada efficiently, you need to change your keyboard layout. This is done in the System Preferences. Unfortunetly Mac OS X doesn't ship with a Kannada keyboard layout by default, so you will have to use the Character Palette (1) or Unicode Hex Input (2).

ಶಿಫಾರಸು ಮಾಡಿರುಲವದು(1):

  • Open "System Preferences" from the Apple menu or by other means.
  • Select the "International" pane, and click the "Input Menu" tab.
  • Ensure "Show input menu in menu bar" is enabled at the bottom of this window.
  • From the Input Menu on the right side of the menu bar (the one with the flag icon), select "Show Character Palette".
  • From the View pop-up at the top of the window that appears, select "Unicode", and then select the "Unicode Blocks" tab that appears just below.
  • Scroll down to "Kannada" and select it. Choose a letter and click "Insert" at the bottom (or double-click the letter) to insert it where you were typing.

ಪರ್ಯಾಯವಾದವುಗಳು(2):

  • Open "System Preferences" from the Apple menu or by other means.
  • Select the "International" pane, and click the "Input Menu" tab.
  • Scroll to the bottom and turn on "Unicode Hex Input".
  • Ensure "Show input menu in menu bar" is enabled below as with (1) above.
  • Select "Unicode Hex Input" from the Input Menu. Holding Option and typing hexadecimal numbers will now produce Unicode characters. You must be familiar with the hex codes for the characters you want to use this method.

ಪರ್ಯಾಯವಾದ[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Another alternative (untested) is to install the X11 server and the instructions in the next section should work for you.

ಯುನಿಕೋಡ[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

ವ್ಯಾಖ್ಯಾನ[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

Unicode is an universal character set which defines code points for each character in almost every script in the world including Kannada. It is an internationally accepted standard published by the Unicode Consortium Unicode Consortium and supported in most Operating Systems. The Karnataka Government is representing for Kannada on the Unicode Consortium through Ministry of Information and Technology, Govt of India.

Why does Kannada Wikipedia use Unicode?[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

  • It's an accepted standard (see above section).
  • Software to view and edit comes either with the Operating System or is freely available.
  • Search is seamless.
  • It is extremely easy to translate the wikipedia's interface.

See discussion on Unicode usage in Wikipedia.

ಬಾಹ್ಯ ಕೊಂಡಿಗಳು[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]

ವೇದಿಕೆಗಳು[ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ]